Volume 8, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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SUMMARYContrary to the commonly-held view advanced in the literature and by Edward Sapir (1884-1939) himself that he hibernated in Canadian exile, most of the linguistic work and the initial culture and personality theorizing upon which his reputation rests were done while he was head of the Division of Anthropology within the Canadian Geological Survey, Ottawa (1910-25). Despite personal tragedy and successful competition for funds with the (World War I) effort, Sapir professionalized ethnolinguistic work on Canadian native languages, co-ordinated and did fieldwork, and published more than he had or would in positions he held in the United States (University of Chicago, 1925-31, and Yale University, 1931-39)RÉSUMÉContrairement a ce qu'on pense en general et a ce qu'a suggere Sapir lui-meme, parlant de son hivernage dans l'exil canadien, la plus grande partie de ce qui fonde son renom — ceuvre linguistique et mise en theorie de la culture et de la personnalite primitives - date de Pepoque ou il etait directeur du Departement d'anthropologie, dans le cadre du Releve geologique du Canada. Malgre son drame personnel et l'impossibilite de concurrencer, en matiere de flnancement, I'effort de querre (de la premiere guerre mondiale); Sapir a reussi a faire de l'etude ethno-linguistique des langues autochtones du Canada une specialite reconnue, a coor-donner et a realiser lui-meme d'importants travaux sur le terrain et a publier plus qu'il n'avait ou n'aurait fait aux postes occupes par lui aux Etats-Unis (Uni-versite de Chicago, 1925-31, et Universite de Yale, 1931-39).

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  • Article Type: Research Article
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