1887
Volume 8, Issue 2-3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

SUMMARYThis paper is concerned with a theory held by the Arab grammarian Qu-trub (d.206/821) with regard to the inflectional vowels of the noun in Arabic. Contrary to what most grammarians believed, he asserted that these vowels do not serve to indicate (syntactic) functions, but to prevent the combination of two consonants. We examine the methodological background of this theory and argue in particular that 1) Qutrub's theory about the inflectional vowels is connected — both substantially and terminologically — with his ideas about speech in general. He regards the Arabic language as essentially flexible, since speakers are allowed to choose among alternatives; 2) this same idea is reflected by Qutrub's interest in 'addad, i.e., homonyms with contrary meanings, and in mutashabihat, i.e., Qur'anic verses which seemingly contradict each other; 3) the clue to his theory is the term cilla "cause". Basing himself on the doctrine of his Muctazilite teacher al-Nazzam, Qutrub argues that in order to be valid linguistic reasoning must meet certain logical conditions, in particular the condition of reversibility: unless cause and effect, or sign and referent, coexist they cannot be regarded as such. As there is no one-to-one relation between the inflectional vowels and the alleged cause, the accepted opinion about declension cannot be correct; 4) Qutrub's own solution — the inflectional vowels are used for euphonic reasons — coincides with his interest in phonetic variants and pausal phenomena.RÉSUMÉLe present article traite d'une theorie soutenue par le grammairien arabe Qutrub (m. en 206/821) en ce qui concerne les voyelles flexionnelles du nom en arabe. Contrairement a ce que pensaient la plupart des grammairiens, il avanga que les voyelles ne servent pas a indiquer des fonctions (syntaxiques), mais a eviter la combinaison de deux consonnes. Nous examinons ici l'arriere-plan methodologique de sa theorie et montrons en particulier que 1) la theorie de Qutrub sur les voyelles flexionnelles se rattache — pour le fond comme pour la terminologie — a ses idees sur la parole en general. II considere la langue arabe comme etant souple par essence, puisque les locuteurs ont le choix entre plusieurs possibilites; 2) la meme idee se reflete dans l'interet de Qutrub pour les 'addad, c'est-à-dire les homonymes a significations opposees, et pour les mutashabihdt, c'est-à-dire les sourates du Qur'an qui, en appa-rence, se contredisent mutuellement; 3) la cle de cette theorie, c'est le terme cilla "cause". Se fondant sur la doctrine de son maitre muctazilite al-Nazzam, Qutrub montre que, pour etre valide, le raisonnement linguistique doit satis-faire a certaines conditions logiques, en particulier a celle de reversibilite: a moins qu'ils ne coexistent, cause et effet, ou signe et referent, ne peuvent etre consideres comme y satisfaisant. Puisqu'il n'y a pas de relation d'egalite entre les voyelles flexionnelles et la cause invoquee, l'opinion reÇue sur la declinai-son ne peut etre exacte; 4) la solution de Qutrub — les voyelles flexionnelles s'emploient pour des raisons d'euphonie — va de paire avec son interet pour les variantes phonetiques et pour les phenomenes de pause.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/hl.8.2-3.13ver
1981-01-01
2019-10-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/hl.8.2-3.13ver
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error