1887
Volume 9, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYIn several of his letters Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837), much better known as a poet and a man of letters than as a linguist, says that he is writing a book on the theory and history of language. Its title should have been Paralelo delle cinque lingue. As it happens, he did not write the book, but left a considerable number of notes in his intellectual diary, the Zibaldone, which he kept from 1817 to 1832. The paper investigates the relationship between Leopardi's linguistic theory and his materialistic philosophy. Leopardi, who was acquainted with the theories of Locke, Condillac, and Destutt de Tracy, envisaged the formation of words as an inseparable part of the formation of ideas as derived from senses. In this respect, sensationalist knowledge and general theory of language share the same object: the philosophical and materialistic history of mind. In this language plays a very important role. The paper examines Leopardi's notes in Zibaldone where he explains to what extent the materiality of the verbal sign helps in calculations, in memory, and even in the formation of spiritual and abstract ideas.RÉSUMÉGiacomo Leopardi (1798-1837), bien plus connu comme poète et homme de lettres que comme linguiste, dit dans plusieurs de ses lettres qu'il est en train d'écrire un livre sur la théorie et l'histoire du langage. Le titre en devait être: Parallelo delle cinque lingue. En fait, Leopardi ne rédigea pas l'ouvrage en question, mais il laissa un nombre considérable de notes dans son Zibaldone, journal intellectuel qu'il tint de 1817 à 1832. Notre article étudie les relations entre la théorie linguistique de Leopardi et sa philosophie matérialiste. Leopardi, qui connaissait les théories de Locke, Condillac et Destutt de Tracy, envisageait la formation des mots comme une partie, inséparable, de la formation des idées en tant que dérivant des sensations. A cet égard, le sensualisme et la théorie générale du langage partagent le même object: l'histoire philosophique et matérialiste de l'esprit. Dans cette histoire, le langage joue un rôle très important. Nous examinons ici les notes de Leopardi dans son Zibaldone, expliquant dans quelle mesure la matérialité du signe verbal constitue une aide pour le calcul, la mémoire et même les idées spirituelles et abstraites.
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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.9.3.07pip
1982-01-01
2019-10-16
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References

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