1887
Volume 9, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYAntonio Gramsci (1891-1937) read linguistics at Turin University (1911-1915) with professor Matteo Bartoli. He followed the 'neo-linguistic' methodological trend, in contrast with the neo-grammarians, in order to apply the critical methods of historical materialism to linguistic research. In the fascist prisons he wrote the Quaderni del carcere (1929-1935) in which are discussed various subjects of linguistic theory and of Italian language history. Language is defined as a product of social relations, and the linguistic history of a nation is interpreted as the history of the formation and organization of the ruling and intellectual classes, that exert their own "hegemony" over the whole nation. His sociolinguistic approach was in contrast with the idealistic theories of language then prevailing in Italy.RESUMEAntonio Gramsci (1891-1937) étudia la linguistique à l'Université de Turin (1911-15) avec le Professeur Matteo Bartoli. Il adhérait au courant méthodo-logique 'néo-linguistique', en opposition aux 'neo-grammairiens', son but étant d'appliquer les méthodes critiques du matérialisme historique à la recherche linguistique. Dans les prisons fascistes, il écrivit les Quaderni del carcere (1929-1935), qui traitent de différents themes relatifs è la theorie linguistique et à l'hi-stoire de la langue italienne. Il définit la langue comme produit des relations sociales et interprète l'histoire linguistique d'une nation comme l'histoire de la formation et de l'organisation des classes dirigeantes et intellectuelles, qui exercent leur propre 'hégémonie' sur la nation tout entière. Son approche sociolinguistique s'opposait aux théories idéalistes de la langue qui prévalaient alors en Italie.
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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.9.3.10ros
1982-01-01
2019-09-15
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References

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