1887
image of “This figure could be better, but how?”

Abstract

Abstract

This paper considers whether scientists can improve their visual design abilities by participating in critiques. In design education, a critique is a class session where designers present their work-in-progress and receive feedback from faculty, peers, and invited critics. In this study, we show that an intervention consisting of (1) an introduction to visual principles, (2) an explanation of critique methodology, and (3) participation in a group critique led to a significant increase in both the quantity and quality of feedback that scientists provided on a set of figures. These findings indicate that critiques can be a valuable practice for scientists to integrate into their research labs.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/idj.22008.sem
2022-11-07
2022-12-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/10.1075/idj.22008.sem/idj.22008.sem.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/idj.22008.sem&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bargh, J. A., & Schul, Y.
    (1980) On the cognitive benefits of teaching. Journal of Educational Psychology, (), –. 10.1037/0022‑0663.72.5.593
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.72.5.593 [Google Scholar]
  2. Belknap, G.
    (2019) 150 years of scientific illustration. Nature, (), –. 10.1038/d41586‑019‑03306‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-03306-9 [Google Scholar]
  3. Berkun, S.
  4. Berkun, S. [HIVE 2011
    ] (2011, October7). Feedback Without Frustration [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/GzRDG2jKf_4
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bierut, Michael
    (2006, September9). This is My Process. Design Observer. designobserver.com/feature/this-is-my-process/4717
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bisra, K., Liu, Q., Nesbit, J. C., Salimi, F., & Winne, P. H.
    (2018) Inducing Self-Explanation: A Meta-Analysis. Educational Psychology Review, (), –. 10.1007/s10648‑018‑9434‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-018-9434-x [Google Scholar]
  7. Borkin Gajos, K., Peters, A., Mitsouras, D., Melchionna, S., Rybicki, F., Feldman, C., & Pfister, H.
    (2011) Evaluation of Artery Visualizations for Heart Disease Diagnosis. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, (), –. 10.1109/TVCG.2011.192
    https://doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2011.192 [Google Scholar]
  8. Buster, K., & Crawford, P.
    (2009) Critique Handbook, The: The Art Student’s Sourcebook and Survival Guide (2nd edition). Pearson.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Cairo, A.
    (2012) Functional Art, The: An introduction to information graphics and visualization (1st edition). New Riders.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Cho, K., & MacArthur, C.
    (2010) Student revision with peer and expert reviewing. Learning and Instruction, (), –. 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.08.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.08.006 [Google Scholar]
  11. Clarkson, M. D.
    (2014) Learning how to teach visual communication design skills to scientists and engineers. 2014 IEEE International Professional Communication Conference (IPCC), –. 10.1109/IPCC.2014.7020394
    https://doi.org/10.1109/IPCC.2014.7020394 [Google Scholar]
  12. Cleveland, & Mcgill, R.
    (1985) Graphical Perception and Graphical Methods for Analyzing Scientific Data. Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science), (), –. 10.1126/science.229.4716.828
    https://doi.org/10.1126/science.229.4716.828 [Google Scholar]
  13. Connor, A., & Irizarry, A.
    (2015) Discussing Design: Improving Communication and Collaboration through Critique (1st edition). O’Reilly Media.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Christiansen, J.
    (2020) Illustrating Complex Science Stories. Hatch, J. and Jackson, N., (Ed.). Knight Science Journalism (KSJ) Science Editing Handbook–). Cambridge, Mass: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ksjhandbook.org
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Dannels, D. P., & Martin, K. N.
    (2008) Critiquing Critiques: A Genre Analysis of Feedback Across Novice to Expert Design Studios. Journal of Business and Technical Communication, (), –. 10.1177/1050651907311923
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1050651907311923 [Google Scholar]
  16. Frankel, F. C.
    (2020) Picturing science and engineering. MRS Bulletin, (), –. 10.1557/mrs.2020.317
    https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2020.317 [Google Scholar]
  17. Frankel, F. C., & DePace, A. H.
    (2012) Visual Strategies: A Practical Guide to Graphics for Scientists and Engineers. Yale University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hunnicutt, & Krzywinski, M.
    (2016) Points of View: Pathways. Nature Methods, (), –. 10.1038/nmeth.3699
    https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.3699 [Google Scholar]
  19. Iwasa, J. H.
    (2016) The Scientist as Illustrator. Trends in Immunology, (), –. 10.1016/j.it.2016.02.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.it.2016.02.002 [Google Scholar]
  20. Khoury, C. K., Kisel, Y., Kantar, M., Barber, E., Ricciardi, V., Klirs, C., Kucera, L., Mehrabi, Z., Johnson, N., Klabin, S., Valiño, Á., Nowakowski, K., Bartomeus, I., Ramankutty, N., Miller, A., Schipanski, M., Gore, M. A., & Novy, A.
    (2019) Science–graphic art partnerships to increase research impact. Communications Biology, (), –. 10.1038/s42003‑019‑0516‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-019-0516-1 [Google Scholar]
  21. Lerman, L., & Borstel, J.
    (2003) Liz Lerman’s Critical Response Process: A method for getting useful feedback on anything you make, from dance to dessert (1st edition). Dance Exchange, Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lin Fortuna, J., Kulkarni, C., Stone, M., & Heer, J.
    (2013) Selecting Semantically-Resonant Colors for Data Visualization. Computer Graphics Forum, (), –. 10.1111/cgf.12127
    https://doi.org/10.1111/cgf.12127 [Google Scholar]
  23. Manzoni, J.-F.
    (2016, September22). To Get More Feedback, Act More Coachable. Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org/2016/09/to-get-more-feedback-act-more-coachable
    [Google Scholar]
  24. McInerny, G. J., Chen, M., Freeman, R., Gavaghan, D., Meyer, M., Rowland, F., Spiegelhalter, D. J., Stefaner, M., Tessarolo, G., & Hortal, J.
    (2014) Information visualisation for science and policy: Engaging users and avoiding bias. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, (), –. 10.1016/j.tree.2014.01.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2014.01.003 [Google Scholar]
  25. O’Mahony Petz, J., Cook, J., Cheng, K., & Rolandi, M.
    (2019) The Design Help Desk: A collaborative approach to design education for scientists and engineers. PloS One, (), –. 10.1371/journal.pone.0212501
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212501 [Google Scholar]
  26. Ostergren, M.
    (2013) How scientists develop competence in visual communication. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
  27. Rodríguez Estrada, F. C., & Davis, L. S.
    (2015) Improving Visual Communication of Science Through the Incorporation of Graphic Design Theories and Practices Into Science Communication. Science Communication, (), –. 10.1177/1075547014562914
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547014562914 [Google Scholar]
  28. Rolandi, M., Cheng, K., & Pérez-Kriz, S.
    (2011) A Brief Guide to Designing Effective Figures for the Scientific Paper. Advanced Materials, (), –. 10.1002/adma.201102518
    https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201102518 [Google Scholar]
  29. Roscoe, R. D., & Chi, M. T. H.
    (2007) Understanding Tutor Learning: Knowledge-Building and Knowledge-Telling in Peer Tutors’ Explanations and Questions. Review of Educational Research, (), –. 10.3102/0034654307309920
    https://doi.org/10.3102/0034654307309920 [Google Scholar]
  30. Rougier Droettboom, M., & Bourne, P. E.
    (2014) Ten Simple Rules for Better Figures. PLoS Computational Biology, (), –. 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003833
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003833 [Google Scholar]
  31. Schrand, T., & Eliason, J.
    (2012) Feedback practices and signature pedagogies: What can the liberal arts learn from the design critique?Teaching in Higher Education, (), –. 10.1080/13562517.2011.590977
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2011.590977 [Google Scholar]
  32. Shute, V. J.
    (2008) Focus on Formative Feedback. Review of Educational Research, (), –. 10.3102/0034654307313795
    https://doi.org/10.3102/0034654307313795 [Google Scholar]
  33. Smith AK, Elias LJ.
    Native Reading Direction and Corresponding Preferences for Left- or Right-Lit Images. Perceptual and Motor Skills 2013;():–. 10.2466/23.24.PMS.116.2.355‑367
    https://doi.org/10.2466/23.24.PMS.116.2.355-367 [Google Scholar]
  34. Walsh, L., & Ross, A.
    (2015) The Visual Invention Practices of STEM Researchers: An Exploratory Topology. Science Communication, , –. 10.1177/1075547014566990
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547014566990 [Google Scholar]
  35. Whitesides, G. M.
    (2004) Whitesides’ Group: Writing a Paper. Advanced Materials, (), –. 10.1002/adma.200400767
    https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200400767 [Google Scholar]
  36. Wong Shoresh, N., Gehlenborg, N., Nielsen, C., Schmidt Kjaergaard, R., Krzywinski, M., Savig, E., Cairo, A., Streit, M., & Lex, A.
    (2015) Nature Collections: Visual strategies for biological data. Nature Methods. https://www.scientificamerican.com/products/nature-products/nature-collections-visual-strategies-for-biological-data/
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/idj.22008.sem
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/idj.22008.sem
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error