1887
Volume 7, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2213-8706
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8714
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

抽象

本文提出对普通话声调描写的改进意见:把以单字调为基础的观念改为以连读调为基础。普通话的声调描写应为:阴平55、阳平35、上声11、去声53。理由可以有三点:1、连读调更接近于本调。2、单字调带有边界成分。3、连读调更接近实际语言交际。另外我们还找到两个理论依据。一个是麦迪森的平调定义,一个是赵元任的双数调原则。文章列出大量的声学和感知实验的证据来支持我们的意见。同时指出:普通话声调的这种轴对称结构表现出最大区别原理的最佳对立状态。讨论认为,五度值是一种半调值、半调位的记调法,具有相当的模糊性。实际语言中极少有分为五级调阶的。

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.00008.shi
2020-06-30
2020-08-07
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Chao, Yuen Ren 赵元任
    (1922) Zhongguo yanyu zidiao de shiyan yanjiufa中国言语字调底实验研究法 [An experimental study of Chinese tone]. Kexue科学, No.9.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. (1930) A system of “tone-letters”. 见Fangyan方言 (1980) 2: 81–83.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Crystal, D.
    (1997) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics,Blackwell Publishers Ltd.Shen, Jiaxuan 沈家煊译translatedXiandai Yuyanxue Cidian现代语言学词典. Shangwu Yinshuguan 商务印书馆 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Ding, Bangxin 丁邦新
    (1982) Hanyu fangyan fenqu de tiaojian汉语方言区分的条件 [The conditions of distinguishing Chinese Dialects] ,Qinghua Xuebao清华学报, No.14.1, Vol.2: 257–273. Also inBangxin Ding 丁邦新 (ed.), Ding Bangxin Yuyanxue Lunwenji丁邦新语言学论文集 [Selected papers on linguistics by Bangxin Ding]. Shangwu Yinshuguan 商务印书馆 1998.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Lin, Tao 林焘
    (1989) Hanyu yunlv tezheng he yuyin jiaoxue汉语韵律特征和语音教学 [Prosodic characteristics of Chinese and phonetic teaching]. InTao Lin 林焘 (ed.), Lin Tao Yuyanxue Lunwenji林焘语言学论文集 [Selected papers on linguistics by Tao Lin]. Shangwu Yinshuguan 商务印书馆 2001.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Luo, Changpei 罗常培 and Wang, Jun 王均
    (1956) Putong Yuyinxue Gangyao普通语音学纲要 [Outline of general phonetics]. Shangwu Yinshuguan 商务印书馆.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Maddieson, Ian
    (1978) Universals of tone. InJoseph Greenberg (ed.), Universals of Human Language, Vol.2 (Phonology). Stanford University Press. 335–365.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Rong, Rong 荣蓉, Ping Wang 王萍 and Feng Shi 石锋
    (2015) Hanyu Putonghua shengdiao de tinggan geju汉语普通话声调的听觉感知格局 [Perception pattern of Chinese Mandarin tone], Nankai Yuyan Xuekan南开语言学刊, No.1,11–24.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Shen, Jiong 沈炯
    (1985) Putonghua shengdiao de yinyu he yudiao普通话声调的音域和语调 [The tone register and intonation of Putonghua]. InTao Lin 林焘 and Lijia Wang 王理嘉 (eds.), Beijing yuyin shiyanlu北京语音实验录 [Beijing speech experiment record]. 北京大学出版社 Beijing University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Shi, Feng 石锋
    (1987) Tianjin fangyan danziyin shengdiao fnxi天津方言单字音声调分析 [An analysis of single tone in Tianjin Dialect] Yuyan yanjiu luncong语言研究论丛, No. 5. Also inYuyinxue Tanwei语音学探微 [Exploration in Phonetics]. Beijing Daxue Chubanshe 北京大学出版社 1990.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. (1990a) Zailun Tianjinhua de shengdiao jiqi bianhua再论天津话声调及其变化 [More on the tones and the changes of Tianjin dialect]. Yuyan Yanjiu语言研究(Language Research), No.2.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. (1990b) Lun wuduzhi jidiaofa论五度值记调法 [On the five-degree method]. Tianjin Shida Xuebao天津师大学报 [Journal of Tianjin Normal University], No.3: 15–19.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (2002) Beijinghua de yuanyin geju北京话的元音格局. Nankai Yuyan Xuekan南开语言学刊, No.1.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Shi, Feng 石锋 and Qibin Ran 冉启斌
    (2011) Putonghua Shangsheng de benzhi shi dipingdiao普通话上声的本质是低平调 [The essence of Mandarin rising tone is low-level tone]. Zhongguo Yuwen中国语文, No.6.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Shi, Feng 石锋 and Ping Wang 王萍
    (2006) Putonghua danziyin shengdiao de tongji fnxi普通话单字音声调的统计分析 [A statistical analysis of the single tones of Mandarin]. Zhongguo Yuwen中国语文, No.1.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. (2014) Bianjiediao he jiaodiandiao边界调和焦点调 [Boundary tone and focus tone]. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 42.1.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Todo, Akiyasu 藤堂明保
    (1980) Zhongguoyu Yinyunlun中国语音韵论 [On Chinese Phonology](日),Guangsheng Guan光生馆.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Todo, Akiyasu 藤堂明保等.
    (1970) Zhongguoyu Jiaoben中国语教本 [Chinese Textbook](日),Guangsheng Guan光生馆.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Wang, Li 王力
    (1979) Xiandai Hanyu yuyin fnxi zhong de jige wenti现代汉语语音分析中的几个问题 [Some problems in modern Chinese phonetic analysis]. Zhongguo Yuwen中国语文,No.4.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Wang, William S-Y. 王士元 and Zhongwei Shen 沈钟伟
    (1987) Fangfa, lilun yu fangyan yanjiu – yuyan yanjiu de keguanxing he helixing方法、理论与方言研究——语言研究的客观性和合理性[Methodology, theory and dialect research: objectivity and rationality of language research]. Paper presented at Thefirst international Cantonese dialect Symposium, Hong Kong.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Yip, Moira
    (1980) The Tonal Phonology of Chinese. Ph.D. Dissertation. MIT.
  22. Zhang, Hongming 张洪明
    (2002) 北大中文论坛Beida Zhongwen Luntan, PK-BBS-TS-HMZ.zip_renamed.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Zhang, Yan 张妍
    (2018) Beijing Putonghua de shengdiao shiyan fenxi北京普通话的声调实验分析 [An experimental analysis of the tones of Putonghua in Beijing]. Ph.D. Dissertation, Beijing Language and Culture University.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.00008.shi
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.00008.shi
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error