Volume 5, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2213-8706
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8714
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



This article discusses the syntax and semantics of the DS comparative in Chinese, which is an adjectival comparative in which the sequence ‘even-more much’ occurs as the degree complement clause of the matrix adjective. The element ‘much’ is a quantity-adjective that interacts with ‘even-more’ to introduce an additional standard of comparison into the DS comparative in order to make the comparison denoted by the degree complement clause possible.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Barker, C.
    (2002) The dynamics of vagueness. Linguistics and Philosophy, 25(1), 1–36. 10.1023/A:1014346114955
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014346114955 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bogusławski, A.
    (1975) Measures are measures: In defence of the diversity of comparatives and positives. Linguistiche Berichte, 36, 1–9.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bresnan, J.
    (1973) Syntax of the comparative clause construction in English. Linguistic Inquiry, 4(3), 275–343.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cartwright, H.
    (1975) Amounts and measures of amount. Noûs, 9(2), 143–164. 10.2307/2214598
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2214598 [Google Scholar]
  5. Chomsky, N.
    (1986) Barrier. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Ernst, T.
    (2014) Adverbial adjuncts in Mandarin Chinese. InC.-T. J. Huang, Y.-H. A. Li & A. Simpson (Eds.), The handbook of Chinese linguistics (pp.49–72). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. 10.1002/9781118584552.ch3
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118584552.ch3 [Google Scholar]
  7. Graff, D.
    (2000) Shifting sands: An interest-relative theory of vagueness. Philosophical Topics, 20(1), 45–81. 10.5840/philtopics20002816
    https://doi.org/10.5840/philtopics20002816 [Google Scholar]
  8. Grano, T.
    (2012) Mandarin hěn and universal markedness in gradable adjectives. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 30(2), 413–565. 10.1007/s11049‑011‑9161‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-011-9161-1 [Google Scholar]
  9. Hay, J., Kennedy, C., & Levin, B.
    (1999) Scalar structure underlies telicity in degree achievements. InT. Matthews & D. Strolovitch (Eds.), Proceedings of SALT, 9, 127–144. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Huang, C.-T. J.
    (1988)  Wó pǎo dé kuài and Chinese phrase structure. Language, 64(2), 274–311. 10.2307/415435
    https://doi.org/10.2307/415435 [Google Scholar]
  11. Kennedy, C.
    (2007a) Vagueness and grammar: The semantics of relative and absolute gradable adjectives. Linguistics and Philosophy, 30(1), 1–45. 10.1007/s10988‑006‑9008‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10988-006-9008-0 [Google Scholar]
  12. (2007b) Modes of comparison. Chicago Society of Linguistics, 43(1), 141–165.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Li, X.
    (2015) Degreeless comparatives: The semantics of differential verbal comparatives in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Semantics, 32(1), 1–38. 10.1093/jos/fft013
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jos/fft013 [Google Scholar]
  14. Lin, J.-W.
    (2014) The adjective of quantity duō ‘many/much’ and differential comparatives in Mandarin Chinese. International Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 1(2), 163–191. 10.1075/ijchl.1.2.01lin
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ijchl.1.2.01lin [Google Scholar]
  15. Liu, C.-S. L.
    (2010a) The positive morpheme in Chinese and the adjectival structure. Lingua, 120(4), 1010–1056. 10.1016/j.lingua.2009.06.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2009.06.001 [Google Scholar]
  16. (2010b) The Chinese gèng clausal comparative. Lingua, 120(6), 1579–1606. 10.1016/j.lingua.2009.09.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2009.09.005 [Google Scholar]
  17. (2011) The Chinese comparative. Lingua, 121(12), 1767–1795. 10.1016/j.lingua.2011.07.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2011.07.002 [Google Scholar]
  18. (2014) Comparatives. InC.-T. J. Huang, Y.-H. A. Li & A. Simpson (Eds.), The handbook of Chinese linguistics (pp.342–366). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. 10.1002/9781118584552.ch13
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118584552.ch13 [Google Scholar]
  19. Liu, Y.-H., Pan, W.-Y., & Gu, W.
    (2004) Shíyòng xiàndài hànyŭ yúfǎ (Modern Chinese grammar). Beijing: Shangwu Yinshuguan.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. McConnell-Ginet, S.
    (1973) Comparative constructions in English: A syntactic and semantic analysis. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Rochester.
  21. Sapir, E.
    (1944) Grading: A study in semantics. Philosophy of Science, 11(2), 93–116. 10.1086/286828
    https://doi.org/10.1086/286828 [Google Scholar]
  22. Schwarzschild, R.
    (2005) Measure phrases as modifiers of adjectives. Recherches linguistiques de Vincennes, 34(2), 207–228. 10.4000/rlv.1401
    https://doi.org/10.4000/rlv.1401 [Google Scholar]
  23. Solt, S.
    (2015) Q-adjectives and the semantics of quantity. Journal of Semantics, 32(2), 221–273. 10.1093/jos/fft018
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jos/fft018 [Google Scholar]
  24. Stanley, J.
    (2003) Context, interest relativity, and the sorites. Analysis, 63(4), 269–280. 10.1093/analys/63.4.269
    https://doi.org/10.1093/analys/63.4.269 [Google Scholar]
  25. Sybesma, R.
    (1999) The Mandarin vP. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 10.1007/978‑94‑015‑9163‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9163-8 [Google Scholar]
  26. Wellwood, A.
    (2015) On the semantics of comparison across categories. Linguistics and Philosophy, 38(1), 67–101. 10.1007/s10988‑015‑9165‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10988-015-9165-0 [Google Scholar]
  27. Zhu, D.-X.
    (1982) Yúfǎ jiǎngyì (Lecture notes on grammar). Beijing: Shangwu Yinshuguan.
    [Google Scholar]
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error