1887
Volume 6, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2213-8706
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8714
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

摘要

本文通过对含有光杆动宾结构和体标记的汉语非自足句的考察,提出这些句子不合法的原因在于它们都是非限定句。在对非限定句做出的功能定义的基础上,本文指出事件句的时间理解需要三类抽象“时间”,即事件时间(Situation Time, SitT),声称/指称时间(Topic/Reference Time, TT),和说话时间(Utterance Time, UT)。在此基础上,我们进一步指出限定句的骨架的必有成分包括 CP, TP, AspP 和 VP(即 VP-e)。因此,本文讨论的句子之所以不合法,可以归因于骨架的不完整。同时,本文也检验了几种修补该类句子的手段,指出其目的多是加强了谓语的潜在的事件性,以满足限定事件句骨架的需要。由此,本文提出了一种分析汉语非自足句的新的理论框架。

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.19002.syb
2020-01-14
2020-04-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Anderson, John M.
    (1997) Finiteness and auxiliarihood. From runes to romance: A festschrift for Gunnar Perssón on his sixtieth birthday, ed.Mats Rydén, Henryk Kardela, Johan Nordlander and Bengt Odenstedt, Umeå: University of Umeå, 1–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Cáo, Dàogēn 曹道根
    (2018) Zài lùn Hànyǔ shìfǒu yǒu xiàndìng hé fēixiàndìng qūfēn再论汉语是否有限定和非限定区分 [Revisiting the finite vs. non-finite distinction in Chinese]. Dāngdài Yǔyánxué当代语言学20/1, 19–39.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Chu, Chauncey C.
    (2009) Relevance and the discourse functions of Mandarin Utterance Final Particles. Language and Linguistics Compass3/1, 282–299. 10.1111/j.1749‑818X.2008.00105.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-818X.2008.00105.x [Google Scholar]
  4. Dowty, David
    (1979) Word meaning and Montague Grammar, Dordrecht: Reidel. 10.1007/978‑94‑009‑9473‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-9473-7 [Google Scholar]
  5. Gù, Yáng 顾阳
    (2008) Shí tài, shízhì lǐlùn yǔ Hànyǔ shíjiān cānzhào yánjiū时态、时制理论与汉语时间参照研究 [Tense, tense theory and time reference in Chinese]. InShěn Yáng 沈阳, Féng Shènglì 冯胜利 (eds.) Dāngdài yǔyánxué lǐlùn hé Hànyǔ yánjiū当代语言学理论和汉语研究 [Current linguistic theories and studies in Chinese], 97–119. Běijīng Shāngwù yìnshūguǎn 北京商务印书馆.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Guéron, Jacqueline and Teun Hoekstra
    (1995) The temporal interpretation of predication. Small clauses [Syntax and semantics 28], ed.Anna Cardinaletti and Maria-Teresa Guasti, 77–107. New York: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Hé, Yáng 贺阳
    (1994) Hànyǔ wánjù chéngfēn chūtàn汉语完句成分初探 [Exploring sentence-completing elements in Chinese]. Yǔyán Jiàoxué yǔ Yánjiū语言教学与研究4, 26–38.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Hoekstra, Teun, Nina Hyams and Misha Becker
    (1999) The role of the specifier and finiteness in early grammar. Specifiers. Minimalist approaches, ed.David Adger, Susan Pintzuk, Barbara Plunkett and George Tsoulas, 252–270. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hu, Jianhua, Haihua Pan and Liejiong Xu
    (2001) Is there a finite vs. nonfinite distinction in Chinese?Linguistics39:1117–1148. 10.1515/ling.2001.043
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.2001.043 [Google Scholar]
  10. Hú, Jiànhuá 胡建华 and Shí Dìngxǔ 石定栩
    (2005) Wánjù tiáojiàn yǔ zhǐchēng tèzhēng de yǔnzhǔn完句条件与指称特征的允准 [Conditions on sentence completion and the licensing of referential features]. Yǔyán Kēxué语言科学4/5, 42–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Huang, C.-T. James
    (1982) Logical relations in Chinese and the theory of grammar. Doctoral dissertation, MIT.
  12. Huang, Nick
    (2018) Control complements in Mandarin Chinese: implications for restructuring and the Chinese finiteness debate. Journal of East Asian Linguistics27/4, 347–376. 10.1007/s10831‑018‑9185‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10831-018-9185-1 [Google Scholar]
  13. Jīn, Tíngēn 金廷恩
    (1999) Hànyǔ wánjù chéngfēn shuōlüè汉语完句成分说略 [Brief discussion of sentence completing elements in Chinese]. Hànyǔ Xuéxí汉语学习6, 8–13.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Jìng, Chéng 竟成
    (1996) Hànyǔ de chéngjù guòchéng hé shíjiān gàiniàn de biǎodá汉语的成句过程和时间概念的表达 [The process of building sentences in Chinese and the expression of the concept of time]. Yǔwén Yánjiū语文研究1, 1–5.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Katz, Graham
    (1995) Stativity, genericity and temporal reference, Doctoral dissertation, University of Rochester.
  16. (2003) Event arguments, adverb selection and the Stative Adverb Gap. Modifying Adjunctsed.Ewald Lang, Claudia Maienborn and Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 455–474. 10.1515/9783110894646.455
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110894646.455 [Google Scholar]
  17. Klein, Wolfgang
    (1994) Time in language. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kǒng, Lìngdá 孔令达
    (1994) Yǐngxiǎng Hànyǔ jùzi zìzú de yǔyán xíngshì影响汉语句子自足的语言形式 [Language forms influencing the self-sufficiency of Chinese sentences]. Zhōngguó Yǔwén中国语文6, 434–440.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kratzer, Angelika
    (1998) More structural analogies between pronouns and tenses. Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory VIII, ed.Devron Strolovitch and Aaron Lawson, Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications/Cornell University, 92–109.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Li, Charles and Sandra Thompson
    (1981) Mandarin Chinese. A functional reference grammar. Berkeley, Cal.: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Li, Y.-H. Audrey
    (1990) Order and Constituency in Mandarin Chinese. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 10.1007/978‑94‑009‑1898‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1898-6 [Google Scholar]
  22. Lin, Jo-wang
    (2003) Selectional restrictions of tenses and temporal reference of Chinese bare sentences. Lingua113/3, 271–302. 10.1016/S0024‑3841(02)00089‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3841(02)00089-X [Google Scholar]
  23. Lin, Tzong-Hong Jonah
    (2011) Finiteness of clauses and raising of arguments in Mandarin Chinese. Syntax, 14, 48–73. 10.1111/j.1467‑9612.2010.00145.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9612.2010.00145.x [Google Scholar]
  24. (2012) Multiple-modal constructions in Mandarin Chinese and their finiteness properties. Journal of Linguistics48, 151–186. 10.1017/S0022226711000272
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226711000272 [Google Scholar]
  25. Matthewson, Lisa
    (2002) An underspecified Tense in St’át’imcets. Paper presented atWECOL2002.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Nikolaeva, Irina
    (2013) Unpacking finiteness. Canonical morphology and syntax, ed.Dunstan Brown, Marina Chumakina and Greville Corbett. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 99–122.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. ed. (2007) Finiteness. Theoretical and empirical foundations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Reichenbach, Hans
    (1947) Elements of symbolic logic, Berkeley, Cal.: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Rizzi, Luigi
    (1997) The fine structure of the left periphery, Elements of Grammar, ed.Liliane Haegeman, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 281–337. 10.1007/978‑94‑011‑5420‑8_7
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5420-8_7 [Google Scholar]
  30. Sīmǎ, Líng 司马翎 [Rint Sybesma] and Hsieh Feng-fan 谢峰凡
    (2008) Shēngchéng yǔfǎ lǐlùn yǔ Hànyǔ yǔqìcí yánjiū生成语法理论与汉语语气词研究 [Generative grammatical theory and the research into Chinese modal particles]. InShěn Yáng 沈阳, Féng Shènglì 冯胜利 (eds.) Dāngdài yǔyánxué lǐlùn hé Hànyǔ yánjiū当代语言学理论和汉语研究 [Current linguistic theories and studies in Chinese], 364–374. Běijīng Shāngwù yìnshūguǎn 北京商务印书馆.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Sun, Hongyuan
    (2014) Temporal Construals of bare predicates in Mandarin Chinese. Doctoral dissertation, Universities of Leiden and Nantes. [www.lotpublications.nl/Documents/373_fulltext.pdf].
  32. Sybesma, Rint
    (2007) Whether we Tense-agree overtly or not. Linguistic Inquiry, 38, 580–587. 10.1162/ling.2007.38.3.580
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling.2007.38.3.580 [Google Scholar]
  33. (2017) Finiteness. Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, ed.Rint Sybesma, Wolfgang Behr, Yueguo Gu, Zev Handel, C.-T. James Huang & James Myers, Leiden: Brill, VolII, 233–237.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Sybesma, Rint and Li Boya
    (2007) The dissection and structural mapping of Cantonese sentence final particles. Lingua117/10, 1739–1783. 10.1016/j.lingua.2006.10.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2006.10.003 [Google Scholar]
  35. Tāng, Tíngchí 湯廷池
    (2000) Hànyǔ de “xiàndìng zǐjù” yǔ “fēixiàndìng zǐjù”. 漢語的“限定子句”與“非限定子句” [“Finite” and “non-finite” sentences in Chinese]. Yǔyán jì Yǔyánxué語言暨語言學1, 191–214.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Tang, Chih-Chen Jane
    (1990) Chinese phrase structure and the extended X’-theory. Doctoral Dissertation, Cornell University.
  37. Tsai, Wei-tien Dylan
    (2008) Tense anchoring in Chinese. Lingua, 118, 675–686. 10.1016/j.lingua.2007.09.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2007.09.002 [Google Scholar]
  38. Zhang, Niina
    (2016) Identifying Chinese dependent clauses in the forms of subjects. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 25/3, 275–311. 10.1007/s10831‑016‑9146‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10831-016-9146-5 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.19002.syb
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): aspect , finiteness , Mandarin , tense , , 完句成分 , , 自足句 and 限定句
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error