1887
Volume 8, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2213-8706
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8714
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Abstract

摘要

本文分析了河南获嘉方言阳声韵所对应Z变韵形式的语音生成过程,笔者认为获嘉方言阳声韵基本韵母的早期形式在“加缀合音”、“合音变韵”、“韵尾变[-ŋ]”、“韵腹滋生介音[i]”、“音长趋普”、“单元音化”以及“主元音鼻化”规则的按顺序作用下就可以推导出合格的表层Z变韵形式。同时,本文对[-n]尾阳声韵基本韵母在Z变韵过程中发生的韵尾、韵腹主元音及韵头的变化情况分别进行了讨论。笔者认为Z变韵过程中,韵尾[-n]变韵尾[-ŋ]是后缀[u]在合音过程中被前一音节的韵尾鼻化后变音所致;韵腹主元音音质的变化则与Z变韵后期,咸山摄阳声韵所对应的Z变韵母走上与咸山摄阳声韵基本韵母一致的演变道路有关;而韵腹滋生介音[i]是[an]组和[en]组阳声韵基本韵母在合音变韵过程中分别混入[ai]组和[ei]组阴声韵进行演化的结果。通过对咸山摄阳声韵所对应Z变韵母的语音形式进行分析,本文进一步提出“变韵不一定由合音引起”的观点。

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2022-01-21
2022-05-21
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