1887
Volume 3, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2213-8706
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8714
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

The derivational differences of the fragment answers in Mandarin Chinese lie in whether a fragment moves or not. Under the movement and ellipsis analysis (Merchant 2004), fragment answer to -question moves to SpecFocP, followed by TP ellipsis. In contrast, fragment answer to yes-no question or for correction is a base-generated structure, [ copula fragment]. The analysis is supported not only by the existence of the copular verb and the fragment answers to questions involving the passive constructions and preposition stranding but also by cross-linguistic evidence.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.3.1.04wei
2016-06-07
2019-10-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Adams, Perng Wang , & Tomioka, Satoshi
    (2012) Sluicing in Mandarin Chinese: An instance of pseudo-sluicing. In Jason Merchant & Andrew Simpson (Eds.), Sluicing: Cross-linguistic perspectives (pp. 219–247). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645763.003.0010
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645763.003.0010 [Google Scholar]
  2. Dikken, Marcel den
    (2003) On the morphosyntax of wh-movement. In Cedric Boeckx & Kleanthes K. Grohmann (Eds.), Multiple wh-fronting (pp. 77–98). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/la.64.07dik
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.64.07dik [Google Scholar]
  3. Dikken, Marcel den , & Giannakidou, Anastasia
    (2002) From hell to polarity: ‘Aggressively non-D-linked’ wh-phrases as polarity items. Linguistic Inquiry, 33, 31–61. doi: 10.1162/002438902317382170
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438902317382170 [Google Scholar]
  4. Evans, Gareth
    (1980) Pronouns. Linguistic Inquiry, 11, 337–362.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Feng, Shengli
    (1995) Guanyue lilun yu Hanyu de beidong ju [GB theory and passive sentences in Chinese]. Zhongguo Yuyanxue Luncong [Studies in Chinese Linguistics], 1, 1–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Fiengo, Robert , & May, Robert
    (1994) Indices and identity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Griffiths, J. , & Lipták, Anikó
    (2014) Contrast and island-sensitivity in clausal ellipsis. Syntax, 17(3), 189–234. doi: 10.1111/synt.12018
    https://doi.org/10.1111/synt.12018 [Google Scholar]
  8. Hankamer, J. , & Sag, Ivan
    (1976) Deep and surface anaphora. Linguistic Inquiry, 7, 391–428.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hashimoto, Mantaro
    (1987) Hanyu beidongshi de lishi quyu fazhan [The historical and geographical development of Chinese passive constructions]. Zhongguo Yuwen, 196, 36–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Huang, C.-T. James
    (1982)  Logical relations in Chinese and the theory of grammar . Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
  11. Huang, C.-T. Huang
    (1991) Modularity and Chinese A-not-A question. In C. Georgopoulos & R. Ishihara (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Approaches to Linguistics: Essays in Honor of Yuki Kuroda (pp. 305–332). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. doi: 10.1007/978‑94‑011‑3818‑5_16
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3818-5_16 [Google Scholar]
  12. Huang, C.-T. James
    (1999) Chinese passives in comparative perspective. Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies, 29(4), 423–509.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kayne, Richard
    (1998) Overt vs. covert movement. Syntax1: 128–191. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9612.00006
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9612.00006 [Google Scholar]
  14. Kiss, Katalin
    (1998) Identification focus and information focus. Language, 74, 245–273. doi: 10.1353/lan.1998.0211
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1998.0211 [Google Scholar]
  15. (2008) Topic and focus: Two structural positions associated with logical functions in the left periphery of the Hungarian sentence. Acta Linguistica Hungarica, 55, 287–296. doi: 10.1556/ALing.55.2008.3‑4.4
    https://doi.org/10.1556/ALing.55.2008.3-4.4 [Google Scholar]
  16. Krifka, M
    (2006) Association with focus phrases. In V. Molnar & S. Winkler (Eds.), The architecture of focus. Studies in generative grammar82 (pp. 105–135). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Li, Y.-H. Audrey , & Wei, Ting-Chi
    (2014) Ellipsis. In C.-T. James Huang , Y.-H. Audrey Li , & Andrew Simpson (Eds.), The handbook of Chinese linguistics (pp. 275–310). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. doi: 10.1002/9781118584552.ch11
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118584552.ch11 [Google Scholar]
  18. Lin, J.-W. , & Tang, C.C. Jane
    (1995) Modals as verbs in Chinese: A GB perspective. The Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, 66, 53–105, Academia Sinica, Taiwan.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Lin, Tzong-Hong Jonah
    (2009) Licensing “gapless” bei passives. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 18, 167–177. doi: 10.1007/s10831‑009‑9039‑y
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10831-009-9039-y [Google Scholar]
  20. Liu, C. -M. Louis
    (2014)  A modular theory of radical pro drop . Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.
  21. Longobardi, Giuseppe
    (1994) Reference and proper names: A theory of N-movement in syntax and logical form. Linguistic Inquiry, 25(4), 609–665.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Merchant, Jason
    (2001) The syntax of silence: sluicing, islands, and identity in ellipsis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. (2004) Fragments and ellipsis. Linguistics and philosophy, 27, 661–738. doi: 10.1007/s10988‑005‑7378‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10988-005-7378-3 [Google Scholar]
  24. Morgan, Jerry
    (1973) Sentence fragments and the notion “sentence”. In B. Kachru , R. Lees , Y. Malkiel , A. Pietrangeli , & S. Saporta (Eds.), Issues in linguistics (pp. 719–751). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Nishigauchi, Taisuke
    (1990) Quantification in the theory of grammar. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. doi: 10.1007/978‑94‑009‑1972‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1972-3 [Google Scholar]
  26. (2006) Short answers as Focus. Theoretical and applied linguistics at Kobe Shoin, 9, 1–22.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Nishigauchi, Taisuke , & Fujii, Tomohiro
    (2006) Short answers: Ellipsis, connectivity, and island repair. Ms., Kobe Shoin Graduate School & University of Maryland.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Park, Bum-Sik
    (2005) Island-insensitive fragment answers in Korean. In John Alderete , et al , (Eds.), Proceedings of the 24th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (pp. 317–325). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Rizzi, Luigi
    (1997) The fine structure of the left periphery. In Liliane Haegeman (Ed.), Elements of grammar (pp. 281–337). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. doi: 10.1007/978‑94‑011‑5420‑8_7
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5420-8_7 [Google Scholar]
  30. Saito, Manor
    (2004) Ellipsis and pronominal reference in Japanese clefts. Nanzan Linguistics, 1, 21–50.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Simpson, Andrew
    (2014) Verbal answers to yes/no question, focus and ellipsis. In Audrey Li , Andrew Simpson and Dylan Tsai (eds.), Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective (pp.299–333). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  32. Stjepanović, Sandra
    (2012) Two cases of violation repair under sluicing. In Jason Merchant & Andrew Simpson (Eds.), Sluicing: Cross-linguistic perspectives (pp. 68–82). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645763.003.0004
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645763.003.0004 [Google Scholar]
  33. Tang, Sze-Wing
    (2001) A complementation approach to Chinese passives and its consequences. Linguistics, 39(2), 257–295. doi: 10.1515/ling.2001.011
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.2001.011 [Google Scholar]
  34. Temmerman, Tanja
    (2013) The syntax of Dutch embedded fragment answers: On the PF-theory of islands and the WH/sluicing correlation. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 31(1), 235–285. doi: 10.1007/s11049‑012‑9180‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-012-9180-6 [Google Scholar]
  35. Ting, Jen
    (1995)  A non-uniform analysis of the passive construction in Mandarin Chinese . Ph.D. dissertation, University of Rochester.
  36. Tsai, W.-T. Dylan
    (1994)  On economizing the theory of A’-dependencies . Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
  37. Watanabe, Akira
    (1992) Subjacency and S-Structure movement of wh-in-situ. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 1, 255–291. doi: 10.1007/BF00130554
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00130554 [Google Scholar]
  38. Wei, Ting-Chi
    (2004)  Predication and sluicing in Mandarin Chinese . Ph.D. dissertation, National Kaohsiung Normal University.
  39. (2011) Island repair effects of the left branch condition in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 20(3), 255–289. doi: 10.1007/s10831‑011‑9077‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10831-011-9077-0 [Google Scholar]
  40. (2013) Fragment question and ellipsis in Chinese. Studies in Chinese Linguistics, 34(3), 151–198.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.3.1.04wei
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): deletion , focus raising , fragment answer , island repair , passive and preposition stranding
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error