1887
Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2213-8706
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8714
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Abstract

本文探討漢語方言的 m 聲母增生,初步發現音變的條件是零聲母逢韻頭 ü,音變的動機在於元音的固有鼻音性。中古各組聲母或多或少都有方言實證;換言之,聲母一旦歸零,只要逢 ü 便可順理成章增生 m。同時,ü 或留、或銷聲匿跡、或以別的面貌示人,端視個別方言如何因應唇音限制。除了個別轄字的方言材料,諧聲系列的北京話今讀也見證 m-增生的演變歷程。方言對比一目瞭然之外,本文進一步闡述舌根音唇化兼及塞音和鼻音,從規律平行性看,聲母歸零後先增生 ŋ,然後根據韻頭調整發音部位。三個理論貢獻包括:(一)明泥(娘)疑母恐怕只是語音演變的中繼站,(二)非組和見組關係匪淺,(三)效流攝本是合三韻。與其拘泥中古分類,不如正視方言今讀,依循橫向比較的內在邏輯,條分縷析地演繹語音的縱向發展。

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/content/journals/10.1075/ijchl.4.1.04hsu
2017-08-18
2019-12-11
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): labialization of velars , nasal insertion , Xiesheng , 舌根音唇化 , 諧聲 and 鼻音增生
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