1887
image of The affordances of metaphor for diachronic corpora & discourse analysis
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examines the utility of metaphor as an investigative tool in “long-distance” corpora and discourse studies. I show that metaphor is both important for understanding discourses and useful for diachronic analysis because it allows us to abstract out above the purely lexical level, enabling comparison across contexts where the same concept could be lexicalised differently. The case-study is concerned with the oft-discussed metaphor of in the UK-based newspaper from 1800–2018 and the conventionalisation and evaluative patterns are presented. The findings confirm that the metaphor has an extensive discourse history regarding how migration is represented in the UK press, but also that evaluations may differ significantly. The paper shows how metaphor can provide a way to find discourse evaluations and framings across different time periods. The use of second-order collocates illustrates how corpus tools can help re-contextualise data to ensure interpretation heeds contemporary framings.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ijcl.22004.tay
2022-03-14
2022-05-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abid, R. Z., Manan, S. A., & Rahman, Z. A. A. A.
    (2017) ‘A flood of Syrians has slowed to a trickle’: The use of metaphors in the representation of Syrian refugees in the online media news reports of host and non-host countries. Discourse & Communication, 11(2), 121–140. 10.1177/1750481317691857
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481317691857 [Google Scholar]
  2. Archer, D.
    (2014) Exploring verbal aggression in English historical texts using USAS: the possibilities, the problems and potential solutions. InI. Taavitsainen, A. H. Jucker, & J. Tuominen (Eds.), Diachronic Corpus Pragmatics (pp.277–302). John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.243.17arc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.243.17arc [Google Scholar]
  3. Baker, P.
    (2006) Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. Continuum. 10.5040/9781350933996
    https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350933996 [Google Scholar]
  4. Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., & McEnery, T.
    (2013) Discourse Analysis and Media Attitudes: The Representation of Islam in the British Press. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511920103
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511920103 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bednarek, M., & Caple, H.
    (2017) The Discourse of News Values: How News Organisations Create Newsworthiness. Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190653934.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190653934.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  6. Brezina, V.
    (2018) Statistics in Corpus Linguistics. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781316410899
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316410899 [Google Scholar]
  7. Charteris-Black, J.
    (2006) Britain as a container: Immigration metaphors in the 2005 election campaign. Discourse & Society, 17(5), 563–581. 10.1177/0957926506066345
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926506066345 [Google Scholar]
  8. Claridge, C., Jonsson, E., & Kytö, M.
    (2020) Entirely innocent: A historical sociopragmatic analysis of maximizers in the Old Bailey Corpus. English Language and Linguistics, 24(4), 855–874. 10.1017/S1360674319000388
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1360674319000388 [Google Scholar]
  9. Cohen, S.
    (1972) Folk Devils and Moral Panics. Paladin.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Croft, W., & Cruse, D. A.
    (2004) Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511803864
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511803864 [Google Scholar]
  11. Dervinyte, I.
    (2009) Conceptual emigration and immigration metaphors in the language of the press: A contrastive analysis. Studies about Languages, 14, 49–55.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Duguid, A.
    (2011, July). Control: A semantic feature in evaluative prosody [Paper presentation]. Corpus Linguistics2011, Birmingham, UK.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Fowler, R.
    (1991) Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T., Diggle, P., & Baker, P.
    (2012) The peaks and troughs of corpus-based contextual analysis. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 37(2), 151–175. 10.1075/ijcl.17.2.01gab
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.17.2.01gab [Google Scholar]
  15. Hardie, A.
    (2012) CQPweb – combining power, flexibility and usability in a corpus analysis tool. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 17(3), 380–409. 10.1075/ijcl.17.3.04har
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.17.3.04har [Google Scholar]
  16. Hart, C.
    (2018) ‘Riots engulfed the city’: An experimental study investigating the legitimating effects of fire metaphors in discourses of disorder. Discourse & Society, 29(3), 279–298. 10.1177/0957926517734663
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926517734663 [Google Scholar]
  17. Hunston, S.
    (2017) Corpus linguistics in 2017: A personal view [Keynote presentation]. Corpus Linguistics2017, Birmingham, UK.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. KhosraviNik, M.
    (2009) The representation of refugees, asylum seekers and immigrants in British newspapers during the Balkan conflict (1999) and the British general election (2005). Discourse & Society, 20(4), 477–498. 10.1177/0957926509104024
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926509104024 [Google Scholar]
  19. Kövecses, Z.
    (2003) Metaphor and Emotion: Language, Culture, and Body in Human Feeling. Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Marchi, A.
    (2018) Time boxes: Epistemological, methodological and practical impact of diachronic segmentation. InC. Taylor & A. Marchi (Eds.), Corpus Approaches to Discourse: A Critical Review (pp.174–196). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315179346‑9
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315179346-9 [Google Scholar]
  21. Mautner, G.
    (2016) Checks and balances: How corpus linguistics can contribute to CDA. InR. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.). Methods of Critical Discourse Studies (3rd edition) (pp.154–179). Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. McEnery, T.
    (2005) Swearing in English: Bad Language, Purity and Power from 1586 to the Present. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. McEnery, A., & Baker, H.
    (2017a) Corpus Linguistics and 17th-Century Prostitution. Bloomsbury. 10.5040/9781474295062
    https://doi.org/10.5040/9781474295062 [Google Scholar]
  24. McEnery, T., & Baker, H.
    (2017b) The public representation of homosexual men in seventeenth-century England – A corpus based view. Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics, 3(2), 197–217. 10.1515/jhsl‑2017‑1003
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jhsl-2017-1003 [Google Scholar]
  25. McEnery, T., Brezina, V., & Baker, H.
    (2019) Usage Fluctuation Analysis: A new way of analysing shifts in historical discourse. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 24(4), 413–444. 10.1075/ijcl.18096.mce
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.18096.mce [Google Scholar]
  26. Musolff, A.
    (2010) Metaphor in discourse history. InM. E. Winters, H. Tissari, & K. Allan (Eds.), Historical Cognitive Linguistics (pp.70–90). De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110226447.70
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110226447.70 [Google Scholar]
  27. (2016) Political Metaphor Analysis: Discourse and Scenarios. Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Nguyen, L., & McCallum, K.
    (2016) Drowning in our own home: A metaphor-led discourse analysis of Australian news media reporting on maritime asylum seekers. Communication Research and Practice, 2(2), 159–176. 10.1080/22041451.2016.1188229
    https://doi.org/10.1080/22041451.2016.1188229 [Google Scholar]
  29. O’Connor, K. T.
    (1998) Money and finance as solid, liquid, and gas in Spanish. Metaphor and Symbol, 13(2), 141–157. 10.1207/s15327868ms1302_4
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms1302_4 [Google Scholar]
  30. Omori, A.
    (2008) Emotion as a huge mass of moving water. Metaphor and Symbol, 23(2), 130–146. 10.1080/10926480801944277
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926480801944277 [Google Scholar]
  31. Partington, A.
    (2010) Modern Diachronic Corpus-Assisted Discourse Studies (MD-CADS) on UK newspapers: An overview of the project. Corpora, 5(2), 83–108. 10.3366/cor.2010.0101
    https://doi.org/10.3366/cor.2010.0101 [Google Scholar]
  32. Partington, A., Duguid, A., & Taylor, C.
    (2013) Patterns and Meanings in Discourse: Theory and Practice in Corpus-assisted Discourse Studies. John Benjamins. 10.1075/scl.55
    https://doi.org/10.1075/scl.55 [Google Scholar]
  33. Pragglejaz Group
    Pragglejaz Group (2007) MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 22(1), 1–39. 10.1080/10926480709336752
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926480709336752 [Google Scholar]
  34. Salahshour, N.
    (2016) Liquid metaphors as positive evaluations: A corpus-assisted discourse analysis of the representation of migrants in a daily New Zealand newspaper. Discourse, Context & Media, 13(B), 73–81. 10.1016/j.dcm.2016.07.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2016.07.002 [Google Scholar]
  35. Santa Ana, O.
    (2002) Brown Tide Rising: Metaphors of Latinos in Contemporary American Public Discourse. University of Texas Press. 10.7560/777668
    https://doi.org/10.7560/777668 [Google Scholar]
  36. Scott, M.
    (2012) WordSmith Tools (Version 6). Stroud: Lexical Analysis Software.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Semino, E., Z. Demjen, A. Hardie, S. Payne, & P. Rayson
    (2018) Metaphor, Cancer and the End of Life. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Silaški, N., & Kilyeni, A.
    (2011) The MONEY IS A LIQUID metaphor in economic terminology–a contrastive analysis of English, Serbian and Romanian. Professional Communication and Translation Studies, 4(1–2), 63–72.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sinclair, J.
    (2004) Trust the Text: Language, Corpus and Discourse. Routledge. 10.4324/9780203594070
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203594070 [Google Scholar]
  40. Steen, G. J.
    (2008) The paradox of metaphor: Why we need a three-dimensional model of metaphor. Metaphor and Symbol, 23(4), 213–241. 10.1080/10926480802426753
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926480802426753 [Google Scholar]
  41. Taylor, C.
    (2014) Investigating the representation of migrants in the UK and Italian press: A cross-linguistic corpus-assisted discourse analysis. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 19(3), 368–400. 10.1075/ijcl.19.3.03tay
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.19.3.03tay [Google Scholar]
  42. (2020) Representing the Windrush generation: Metaphor in discourses then and now. Critical Discourse Studies, 17(1), 1–21. 10.1080/17405904.2018.1554535
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2018.1554535 [Google Scholar]
  43. (2021) Metaphors of migration over time. Discourse & Society, 32(4), 463–481.   10.1177/0957926521992156
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926521992156 [Google Scholar]
  44. Taylor
    . (forthcoming). Migration Discourses & Memory. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Taylor, C., & Del Fante, D.
    (2020) Comparing across languages in corpus and discourse analysis: Some issues and approaches. Meta, 65(1): 29–50. 10.7202/1073635ar
    https://doi.org/10.7202/1073635ar [Google Scholar]
  46. Taylor, C., & Kidgell, J.
    (2021) Flu-like pandemics and metaphor pre-covid: A corpus investigation. Discourse, Context & Media, 41, 100503. 10.1016/j.dcm.2021.100503
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2021.100503 [Google Scholar]
  47. Widlitzki, B., & Huber, M.
    (2016) Taboo language and swearing in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century English: A diachronic study based on the Old Bailey Corpus. InM. J. Lopez-Couso, B. Mendez-Naya, P. Nunez-Perejo, & I. M. Palacios Martinez (Eds.), Corpus Linguistics on the Move: Exploring and Understanding English Through Corpora (pp.313–336). Brill Rodopi.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Wilkinson, M.
    (2019) ‘Bisexual oysters’: A diachronic corpus-based critical discourse analysis of bisexual representation in The Times between 1957 and 2017. Discourse & Communication, 13(2), 249–267. 10.1177/1750481318817624
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481318817624 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ijcl.22004.tay
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ijcl.22004.tay
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: discourse ; collocation ; metaphor ; diachronic analysis ; migration
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error