1887
image of Metaphtonymy and semio-cognitive de-legitimation of Donald Trump in the meme discourse of The Daily Show with
Trevor Noah (January 2016–December 2019)
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The current research endeavor extends scholarship on political satire and digital memes proposing a more nuanced semio-cognitive analytical framework for the innovative political image macro memes pertinent to . Premised on Martynyuk and Melescchenko’s (2021) conceptualization of and van Leeuwen’s (2007) , a corpus of 159 image macro meme instances from ’s (January 2016 to December 2019) has been examined to show how the of Donald Trump and his administration is materialized through creative meme-inherent metaphtonymies. Key findings include the dominance of four meme-specific metaphtonymic patterns. In tandem, the overlapping semio-discursive de-legitimation strategies of , and are metaphtonymically encoded in the image macro memes of the show’s monologue to: (a) function as highly medium-specific expressions that respond to challenging events based on thematic and structural templates, and (b) provide a timely (and even reactionary) response to political debates, creating a negative view of Donald Trump to reduce his legitimacy as the US president.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ijolc.00058.ely
2024-04-02
2024-04-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abdel-Raheem, Ahmed
    2022 “Taboo Metaphtonymy, Gender, and Impoliteness: How Male and Female Arab Cartoonists Think and Draw.” Social Semiotics.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Ali, Marwah Kareem, Anne A. Christopher and Munif Z. Nordin
    2016 “Language Use and De-Legitimation Strategy in Newspaper Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis.” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences (): –.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Anderson, James, and Amie D. Kincaid
    2013 “Media Subservience and Satirical Subversiveness: The Daily Show, The Colbert Report, The Propaganda Model and the Paradox of Parody.” Critical Studies in Media Communication (): –. 10.1080/15295036.2013.771276
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15295036.2013.771276 [Google Scholar]
  4. Baum, Matthew A.
    2002 “Sex, Lies, and War: How Soft News Brings Foreign Policy to the Inattentive Public.” American Political Science Review (): –. 10.1017/S0003055402004252
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055402004252 [Google Scholar]
  5. 2003a “Soft News and Political Knowledge: Evidence of Absence or Absence of Evidence?” Political Communication (): –. 10.1080/10584600390211181
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584600390211181 [Google Scholar]
  6. 2003bSoft News Goes to War: Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 2005 “Talking the Vote: Why Presidential Candidates Hit the Talk Show Circuit.” American Journal of Political Science (): –. 10.1111/j.0092‑5853.2005.t01‑1‑00119.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0092-5853.2005.t01-1-00119.x [Google Scholar]
  8. Baumgartner, Jody, and Johnathan S. Morris
    2006 “The Daily Show Effect.” American Politics Research (): –. 10.1177/1532673X05280074
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1532673X05280074 [Google Scholar]
  9. Baumgartner, Jody C, Jonathan S Morris, and Jeffrey Michael Coleman
    2018 “Did the “Road to the White House Run Through” Letterman? Chris Christie, Letterman, and Other-Disparaging versus Self-Deprecating Humor.” Journal of Political Marketing (): –. 10.1080/15377857.2015.1074137
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15377857.2015.1074137 [Google Scholar]
  10. Baym, Geoffrey
    2005 “The Daily Show: Discursive Integration and the Reinvention of Political Journalism.” Political Communication (): –. 10.1080/10584600591006492
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584600591006492 [Google Scholar]
  11. 2007 “Representation and the Politics of Play: Stephen Colbert’s “Better Know a District”.” Political Communication (): –. 10.1080/10584600701641441
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584600701641441 [Google Scholar]
  12. 2008 “Serious comedy: Expanding the boundaries of political discourse, In: Baumgartner JC and Morris JS (eds) Laughing matters: Humor and American politics in the media age. New York, NY: Routledge, pp.–.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 2010From Cronkite to Colbert: The Evolution of Broadcast News. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Baym, Geoffrey, and Jeffrey P. Jones
    2012 “News Parody in Global Perspective: Politics, Power, and Resistance.” Popular Communication (): –. 10.1080/15405702.2012.638566
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15405702.2012.638566 [Google Scholar]
  15. Becker, Amy B.
    2021 “Stephen Colbert takes on Election 2020: #betterknowaballot, Voter Mobilization, and the Return to Playful Participatory Satire.” Journal of Information Technology & Politics (): –. 10.1080/19331681.2021.1894524
    https://doi.org/10.1080/19331681.2021.1894524 [Google Scholar]
  16. Bode, Leticia, and Amy B. Becker
    2018 “Go Fix it: Comedy as an Agent of Political Activation.” Social Science Quarterly (): –. 10.1111/ssqu.12521
    https://doi.org/10.1111/ssqu.12521 [Google Scholar]
  17. Boukes, Mark
    2019 Agenda-Setting with Satire: How Political Satire Increased TTIP’s Saliency on the Public, Media, and Political Agenda. Political Communication (): –. 10.1080/10584609.2018.1498816
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2018.1498816 [Google Scholar]
  18. Brugman, Britta C, Christian Burgers, Camiel J. Beukeboom, and Elly A. Konijn
    2021 “From The Daily Show to Last Week Tonight. A Quantitative Analysis of Discursive Integration in Satirical Television News.” Journalism Studies (): –. 10.1080/1461670X.2021.1929416
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2021.1929416 [Google Scholar]
  19. Burgers, Christian, Margot van Mulken and Peter Jan Schellens
    2012 “Verbal Irony: Differences in Usage across Written Genres.” Journal of Language and Social Psychology (), –. 10.1177/0261927X12446596
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X12446596 [Google Scholar]
  20. Cao, Xiaoxia
    2010 “Hearing it from Jon Stewart: The Impact of The Daily Show on Public Attentiveness to Politics.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research (): –. 10.1093/ijpor/edp043
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/edp043 [Google Scholar]
  21. Cheruiyot, David
    2018 “Popular Criticism That Matters: Journalists’ Perspectives of ‘Quality’ Media Critique.” Journalism Practice (): –. 10.1080/17512786.2018.1494511
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2018.1494511 [Google Scholar]
  22. Compton, Josh
    2011 “Surveying Scholarship on The Daily Show and The Colbert Report.” InThe Stewart/Colbert Effect: Essays on the Real Impacts of Fake Newsedited byAmarnath Amarasingam, –. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Curato, Nicole, Marit Hammond and John B Min
    2019Power in Deliberative Democracy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1007/978‑3‑319‑95534‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95534-6 [Google Scholar]
  24. Dainas, Ashley R.
    2015 “Keep Calm and Study Memes.” Master of Art Thesis, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, the USA.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Dancygier, Barbara
    2021 “Narrativised Simile and Emotional Responses to Brexit.” Russian Journal of Linguistics (): –. 10.22363/2687‑0088‑2021‑25‑3‑663‑684
    https://doi.org/10.22363/2687-0088-2021-25-3-663-684 [Google Scholar]
  26. Džanić, Nihada Delibegovic, and Sanja Berberoviü
    2010 “On Politicians in Big Women’s Sunglasses Driving Buses with their Feet in Mouths: Late-Night Political Humour and Conceptual Integration Theory.” Jezikoslovlje (): –.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Elyamany, Nashwa
    2023 “How do you Meme Trump, Noah? Shaping a New Memescape in The Daily Show with Trevor Noah (January 2016 – December 2019).” International Journal of Arabic-English Studies (): –. 10.33806/ijaes.v23i2.469
    https://doi.org/10.33806/ijaes.v23i2.469 [Google Scholar]
  28. Enli, Gunn, and Linda Therese Rosenberg
    2018 “Trust in the Age of Social Media: Populist Politicians Seem more Authentic.” Social Media + Society–. 10.1177/2056305118764430
    https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305118764430 [Google Scholar]
  29. Faina, Joseph
    2012 “Public Journalism is a Joke: The Case for Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert.” Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism (): –. 10.1177/1464884912448899
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884912448899 [Google Scholar]
  30. Feldman, Lauren, and Dannagal Goldthwaite Young
    2008 “Late-Night Comedy as a Gateway to Traditional News: An Analysis of Time Trends in News Attention among Late-Night Comedy Viewers during the 2004 Presidential Primaries.” Political Communication (): –. 10.1080/10584600802427013
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584600802427013 [Google Scholar]
  31. Forceville, Charles
    2008 “Metaphor in Pictures and Multimodal Representations. InThe Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought.” Gibbs, R. W. (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p.–. 10.1017/CBO9780511816802.028
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816802.028 [Google Scholar]
  32. 2009 “Metonymy in Visual and Audiovisual Discourse.” InE. Ventola & A. J. Moya Guijarro (Eds.), The world told and the world shown: Multisemiotic issues (pp.–). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Gal, Noam, Limor Shifman and Zohar Kampf
    2016 ““It Gets Better”: Internet Memes and the Construction of Collective Identity.” New Media & Society (): –. 10.1177/1461444814568784
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444814568784 [Google Scholar]
  34. Garassino, Davide, Nicola Brocca and Viviana Masia
    2022 “Is Implicit Communication Quantifiable? A Corpus-Based Analysis of British and Italian Political Tweets.” Journal of Pragmatics: –. 10.1016/j.pragma.2022.03.024
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2022.03.024 [Google Scholar]
  35. Goossens, Louis
    1990 “Metaphtonymy: The Interaction of Metaphor and Metonymy in Expressions for Linguistic Action.” Cognitive Linguistics(): –. 10.1515/cogl.1990.1.3.323
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.1990.1.3.323 [Google Scholar]
  36. Guattari, Félix
    2016Lines of Flight: For another World of Possibilities. Bloomsbury Academic, London.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Hariman, Robert
    2008 “Political Parody and Public Culture.” Quarterly Journal of Speech (): –. 10.1080/00335630802210369
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00335630802210369 [Google Scholar]
  38. Hendriks, Carolyn M, Selen A Ercan and John Boswell
    2020Mending Democracy: Democratic Repair in Disconnected Times. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oso/9780198843054.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198843054.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  39. Hersey, Curt W.
    2013Nothing but the Truthiness: A History of Television News Parody and Its Entry into the Journalistic Field. Atlanta, GA: Georgia State University.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Hidalgo-Downing, Laura and Blanca Kraljevic-Mujic
    2011 “Multimodal Metonymy and Metaphor as Complex Discourse Resources for Creativity in ICT Advertising Discourse.” Review of Cognitive Linguistics (): –. 10.1075/rcl.9.1.08hid
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.9.1.08hid [Google Scholar]
  41. Hsu, Iju
    2023 “Winespeak in Wine’s Pics: How Metaphor and Metonymy Construct a Visual Winespeak Narrative in the Manga Drops of God.” Cognitive Linguistic Studies(): –. 10.1075/cogls.21009.hsu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cogls.21009.hsu [Google Scholar]
  42. Huntington, Heidi
    2016 “Pepper Spray Cop and the American Dream: Using Synecdoche and Metaphor to Unlock Internet Memes’ Visual Political Rhetoric.” Communication Studies (): –. 10.1080/10510974.2015.1087414
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10510974.2015.1087414 [Google Scholar]
  43. Igwebuike, Ebuka Elias and Lily Chimuanya
    2021 “Legitimating Falsehood in Social Media: A Discourse Analysis of Political Fake News.” Discourse and Communication (): –. 10.1177/1750481320961659
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481320961659 [Google Scholar]
  44. Jennings, Freddie J., Josh C. Bramlett, and Benjamin R. Warner
    2019 “Comedic Cognition: The Impact of Elaboration on Political Comedy Effects.” Western Journal of Communication (): –. 10.1080/10570314.2018.1541476
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10570314.2018.1541476 [Google Scholar]
  45. Jones, Jeffrey P., and Geoffrey Baym
    2010 “A Dialogue on Satire News and the Crisis of Truth in Postmodern Political Television.” Journal of Communication Inquiry (): –. 10.1177/0196859910373654
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0196859910373654 [Google Scholar]
  46. Källstig, Amanda
    2021 “Laughing in the Face of Danger: Performativity and Resistance in Zimbabwean Stand-up Comedy.” Global Society (): –. 10.1080/13600826.2020.1828295
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13600826.2020.1828295 [Google Scholar]
  47. Kashanizadeh, Zahra, and Charles Forceville
    2020 “Visual and Multimodal Interaction of Metaphor and Metonymy A Study of Iranian and Dutch Print Advertisements.” Cognitive Linguistic Studies (): –. 10.1075/cogls.00050.kas
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cogls.00050.kas [Google Scholar]
  48. Kirner-Ludwig, Monika
    2020 “Internet Memes as Multilayered Re-Contextualization Vehicles in Lay-Political Online Discourse.” The Pragmatics of Internet Memes (): –. 10.1075/ip.00055.kir
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ip.00055.kir [Google Scholar]
  49. Landreville, Kristen D., R. Lance Holbert, and Heather L. LaMarre
    2010 “The Influence of Late-Night TV Comedy Viewing on Political Talk: A Moderated-Mediation Model.” International Journal of Press/Politics (): –. 10.1177/1940161210371506
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1940161210371506 [Google Scholar]
  50. Lawrence, Regina G., and Amber E. Boydstun
    2017 “What We Should Really Be Asking about Media Attention to Trump.” Political Communication, –. 10.1080/10584609.2016.1262700
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2016.1262700 [Google Scholar]
  51. Leach, Colin Wayne, and Aerielle M. Allen
    2017 “The Social Psychology of the Black Lives Matter Meme and Movement.” Current Directions in Psychological Science (): –. 10.1177/0963721417719319
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721417719319 [Google Scholar]
  52. Leicht, Caroline V.
    2023 “Nightly News or Nightly Jokes? News Parody as a Form of Political Communication: A Review of the Literature.” Political Studies Review (): –. 10.1177/14789299221100339
    https://doi.org/10.1177/14789299221100339 [Google Scholar]
  53. Lichtenstein, Dennis and Cordula Nitsch
    2018 “Informativ und kritisch? Die Politikdarstellung in Deutschen Satiresendungen.” M&K Medien und Kommunikationswissenschaft (): –. 10.5771/1615‑634X‑2018‑1‑5
    https://doi.org/10.5771/1615-634X-2018-1-5 [Google Scholar]
  54. Lipson, David, Mark Boukes and Samira Khemkhem
    2023 “The Glocalization of The Daily Show.” Popular Communication–. 10.1080/15405702.2023.2251961
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15405702.2023.2251961 [Google Scholar]
  55. Literat, Ioana, and Sarah van den Berg
    2019 “Buy Memes Low, Sell Memes High: Vernacular Criticism and Collective Negotiations of Value on Reddit’s MemeEconomy.” Information, Communication & Society (): –. 10.1080/1369118X.2017.1366540
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2017.1366540 [Google Scholar]
  56. Maglio, Tony
    2022 “What Will Happen to ‘The Daily Show’ After Trevor Noah?” Retrieved from: https://www.indiewire.com/2022/10/trevor-noah-the-daily-show-ratings-replacement-1234768350/
  57. Martynyuk, Alla and Olga Meleshchenko
    2022 “Socio-Pragmatic Potential of (Verbo)-Visual Metaphtonymy in Internet memes Featuring Donald Trump.” Metaphor and the Social World ():–. 10.1075/msw.20010.mar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/msw.20010.mar [Google Scholar]
  58. McChesney, Robert W.
    2011 “Foreword.” InThe Stewart/Colbert Effect: Essays on the Real Impacts of Fake Newsedited byAmarnath Amarasingam, –. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Michaud Wild, Nickie
    2019 “‘The Mittens of Disapproval Are on’: John Oliver’s Last Week Tonight as Neoliberal Critique.” Communication, Culture & Critique (): –. 10.1093/ccc/tcz021
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ccc/tcz021 [Google Scholar]
  60. Musolff, Andreas
    2021 “Hyperbole and Emotionalisation: Escalation of Pragmatic Effects of Proverb and Metaphor in the “Brexit” Debate.” Russian Journal of Linguistics (): –. 10.22363/2687‑0088‑2021‑25‑3‑628‑644
    https://doi.org/10.22363/2687-0088-2021-25-3-628-644 [Google Scholar]
  61. Nærland, Torgeir Uberg
    2020 “From Pleasure to Politics: Five Functions of Watching TV-Series for Public Connection.” European Journal of Communication (): –. 10.1177/0267323119894481
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323119894481 [Google Scholar]
  62. Nooney, Laine and Laura Portwood-Stacer
    2014 “One Does not Simply: An Introduction to the Special Issue on Internet memes.” Journal of Visual Culture (): –. 10.1177/1470412914551351
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1470412914551351 [Google Scholar]
  63. Ödmark, Sara and Jonas Harvard
    2021 “The Democratic Roles of Satirists.” Popular Communication (): –. 10.1080/15405702.2021.1929995
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15405702.2021.1929995 [Google Scholar]
  64. Otto, Lukas, Isabella Glogger, and Mark Boukes
    2017 “The Softening of Journalistic Political Communication: A Comprehensive Framework Model of Sensationalism, Soft News, Infotainment, and Tabloidization.” Communication Theory (): –. 10.1111/comt.12102
    https://doi.org/10.1111/comt.12102 [Google Scholar]
  65. Partington, Alan
    2010 “Modern Diachronic Corpus-Assisted Discourse Studies (MD-CADS) on UK Newspapers: An Overview of the Project.” Corpora (): –. 10.3366/cor.2010.0101
    https://doi.org/10.3366/cor.2010.0101 [Google Scholar]
  66. 2018 “Welcome to the First Issue of the Journal of Corpora and Discourse Studies.” Journal of Corpora and Discourse Studies, (), –. 10.18573/jcads.19
    https://doi.org/10.18573/jcads.19 [Google Scholar]
  67. Peifer, Jason, and Taeyoung Lee
    2019Satire and Journalism. Oxford: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.871
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.871 [Google Scholar]
  68. Pérez-Sobrino, Paula
    2016 “Multimodal Metaphor and Metonymy in Advertising: A Corpus-Based Account.” Metaphor and Symbol(): –. 10.1080/10926488.2016.1150759
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926488.2016.1150759 [Google Scholar]
  69. Prochazka, Fabian, Patrick Weber, and Wolfgang Schweiger
    2018 “Effects of Civility and Reasoning in User Comments on Perceived Journalistic Quality.” Journalism Studies(): –. 10.1080/1461670X.2016.1161497
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2016.1161497 [Google Scholar]
  70. Radden, Günter
    2018 “Molly married money: Reflections on conceptual metonymy”. InO. Blanco-Carrión, A. Barcelona, & R. Pannain (Eds.), Conceptual Metonymy: Methodological, theoretical, and descriptive issues (pp.–). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/hcp.60.06rad
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hcp.60.06rad [Google Scholar]
  71. Randolph, Justus
    2008 Online Kappa Calculator. justus.randolph.name/kappa
  72. Reyes, Antonio
    2011 “Strategies of Legitimization in Political Discourse: From Words to Actions.” Discourse & Society (): –. 10.1177/0957926511419927
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926511419927 [Google Scholar]
  73. Riegert, Kristina
    2007Politicotainment. Television’s Take on the Real. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. Ross, Andrew S., and Damian J Rivers
    2017 “Digital Cultures of Political Participation: Internet Memes and the Discursive Delegetimization of the 2016 U.S Presidential Candidates.” Discourse, Context & Media. (2017): –. 10.1016/j.dcm.2017.01.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2017.01.001 [Google Scholar]
  75. Ruiz de Mendoza, Francisco J and Alicia Galera-Masegosa
    2011 “Going beyond Metaphtonymy: Metaphoric and Metonymic Complexes in Phrasal Verb Interpretation.” Language Value (), –.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. Sadeghi, Bahador, Mohammad Taghi Hassani and Vahid Jalali
    2014 “Towards (De-) Legitimation Discursive Strategies in News Coverage of Egyptian Protest: VOA & Fars News in Focus.” Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences: –. 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.581
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.581 [Google Scholar]
  77. Said, Hala Mohammed
    2017 “Legitimation Strategies in Egyptian Political Discourse.” Master’s Thesis Submitted to The Department of Applied Linguistics. The American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. Savolainen, Reijo
    2021 Infotainment as a hybrid of information and entertainment: a conceptual analysis. Journal of Documentation (): –. 10.1108/JD‑08‑2021‑0169
    https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-08-2021-0169 [Google Scholar]
  79. Serazio, Michael
    2018 “Producing Popular Politics: The Infotainment Strategies of American Campaign Consultants.” Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media (): –. 10.1080/08838151.2017.1402901
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08838151.2017.1402901 [Google Scholar]
  80. Smith, David
    2023 ‘He had a different perspective’: how Trevor Noah changed late-night satire. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2023/jan/04/how-trevor-noah-changed-late-night-daily-show
  81. Thussu, Daya Kishan
    2010News as Entertainment: The Rise of Global Infotainment. London & New York: SAGE.
    [Google Scholar]
  82. Van Leeuwen, Theo
    2007 “Legitimation in Discourse and Communication”. Discourse & Communication (): –. 10.1177/1750481307071986
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481307071986 [Google Scholar]
  83. Van Zoonen, Liesbet
    2005Entertaining the Citizen: When Politics and Popular Culture Converge. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
    [Google Scholar]
  84. Vaara, Eero
    2014 “Struggles over Legitimacy in the Eurozone Crisis: Discursive Legitimation Strategies and their Ideological Underpinnings.” Discourse & Society (): –. 10.1177/0957926514536962
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926514536962 [Google Scholar]
  85. Vestergaard, Anne and Julie Uldam
    2022 “Legitimacy and Cosmopolitanism: Online Public Debates on (Corporate) Responsibility.” Journal of Business Ethics(): –. 10.1007/s10551‑020‑04703‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-020-04703-1 [Google Scholar]
  86. Vettehen, Paul Hendriks, Johannes Beentjes, Koos Nuijten, and Allerd Peeters
    2011 “Arousing News Characteristics in Dutch Television News 1990–2004: An Exploration of Competitive Strategies.” Mass Communication & Society (): –. 10.1080/15205431003615893
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15205431003615893 [Google Scholar]
  87. Wagner, A., and Schwarzenegger, C.
    (2020) “A populism of lulz. The proliferation of humor, satire, and memes as populist communication in digital culture,” inPerspectives on Populism and the Media, ed.B. Krämer, and C. HoltzBacha (Baden-Baden: Nomos), –. 10.5771/9783845297392‑313
    https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845297392-313 [Google Scholar]
  88. Widholm, Andreas and Ester Appelgren
    2020 “A Softer Kind of Hard News? Data Journalism and the Digital Renewal of Public Service News in Sweden.” New Media + Society (): –. 10.1177/1461444820975411
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444820975411 [Google Scholar]
  89. Xenos, Michael A and Amy B. Becker
    2009 “Moments of Zen: Effects of The Daily Show on Information Seeking and Political Learning.” Political Communication, –. 10.1080/10584600903053569
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584600903053569 [Google Scholar]
  90. Young, Dannagal Goldthwaite, and Lindsay Hoffman
    2012 “Acquisition of Current-Events Knowledge from Political Satire Programming: An Experimental Approach.” Atlantic Journal of Communication (): –. 10.1080/15456870.2012.728121
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15456870.2012.728121 [Google Scholar]
  91. Zaheer, Lubna
    2016 “Effects of watching political talk shows on political efficacy and political participation.” Journal of Political Studies (): –.
    [Google Scholar]
  92. Zekavat, Maseeh
    2021 “Employing Satire and Humor in Facing a Pandemic.” Humor (): –. 10.1515/humor‑2021‑0001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2021-0001 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ijolc.00058.ely
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ijolc.00058.ely
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error