1887
Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2214-3157
  • E-ISSN: 2214-3165
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

The position standardly held in cognitive linguistics is that anger is an emotion concept that communicates about human thinking and which is instantiated in language in ways that are often metaphorically, systematically, and conceptually structured. The container metaphor is claimed to be near-universal (Kövecses 2000), but also subject to variation (Kövecses 2005). Variation in metaphor frequencies across languages has also been investigated (Boers & Demecheleer 1997; Boers 1999; Deignan 2003; Kövecses et al. 2015). This article reports a corpus-based contrastive investigation of anger metaphors in American English and Kabyle — a Tamazight language variety spoken in the northern part of Algeria. Its main objective is to contrast these metaphors and try to find out the most used ones in these languages through a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the token frequency of linguistic expressions belonging to each of the conceptual metaphors, the type frequency of their linguistic realizations, and the number of their mappings. Aspects of the anger scenario are also studied and contrasted. The findings indicate similarities and differences in the use of anger metaphors in the two languages. The three most frequently used metaphors in American English involve the container, possessed object and opponent source domains while the most frequently used ones in Kabyle involve the fire, container and possessed object source domains. These results confirm the near-universality of the container metaphor. However, the most frequently used metaphorical source domain concept is different in the two languages due to sociocultural influences. In addition, the findings relating to aspects of the anger scenario (intensity and control) support Lakoff and Kövecses’ (1987) prototype model of anger, although it is found to be influenced by sociocultural specificities in American English and Kabyle.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ijolc.3.2.04bel
2017-02-10
2019-10-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Aksan, M
    (2006) The container metaphor in Turkish expressions of anger. Dil ve Edebiyat Dergisi / Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 3(2), 15–13.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. American Psychological Association
    (2010) Stress in America Findings. Harris Interactive Inc. Available online atwww.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/national-report.pdf (accessed on1 October 2013).
  3. Arden, J.B
    (2002) Surviving job stress: How to overcome daily pressures. New Jersey, USA: Career Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Boers, F
    (1999) When a bodily source domain becomes prominent. In R. Gibbs & G. Steen (Eds.), Metaphor in cognitive linguistics (pp. 47–56). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cilt.175.04boe
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.175.04boe [Google Scholar]
  5. Boers, F. , & Demecheleer, M
    (1997) A few metaphorical models in (Western) economic discourse. In W-A. Liebert , G. Redeker , & L. Waugh (Eds.), Discourse and perspective in cognitive linguistics (pp.115–130). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cilt.151.10boe
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.151.10boe [Google Scholar]
  6. Boudarene, M
    (2005) Le Stress entre bien être et souffrance. Algiers: Berti Editions.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Dallet, J.M
    (1982) Dictionnaire Kabyle-Français. Paris: Selaf.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Deignan, A
    (2003) Metaphorical expressions and culture: An indirect link. Metaphor and Symbol, 18(4), 255–271. doi: 10.1207/S15327868MS1804_3
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327868MS1804_3 [Google Scholar]
  9. Dépêche de, Kabylie
    (2010, 2011, 2012, 2013) Tizi-Ouzou. Available online at: www.depechedekabylie.com/
  10. Gibbs, R.W
    (1996) Why many concepts are metaphorical. Cognition, 61, 309–319. doi: 10.1016/S0010‑0277(96)00723‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-0277(96)00723-8 [Google Scholar]
  11. Johnson, M
    (1987) The body in the mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Kövecses, Z
    (2000) Metaphor and emotion. Language, culture, and body in human feeling. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (2005) Metaphor in culture. Universality and variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511614408
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511614408 [Google Scholar]
  14. (2006) Embodiment, experiential focus, and diachronic change in metaphor. In R.W. McConchie (Ed), Selected Proceedings of the 2005 Symposium on New Approaches in English Historical Lexis (pp. 1–7), Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. (2009) Metaphor, culture, and discourse: The pressure of coherence. In A. Musolff & J. Zinken (Eds.), Metaphor and discourse (pp. 11–24). Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230594647_2
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230594647_2 [Google Scholar]
  16. Kövecses, Z. , Szelid, V. , Nucz, E. , Blanco-Carrion, O. , Akkök, E.A. , & Szabó, R
    (2015) Anger metaphors across languages: A cognitive linguistic perspective. In R. Heredia & A. Cieslicka (Eds.), Bilingual figurative language processing (pp. 341–367). New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139342100.017
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139342100.017 [Google Scholar]
  17. Lacoste-Dujardin, C
    (1970) Le conte kabyle : étude ethnologique. Paris: François Maspero.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. (2001) Géographie culturelle et géopolitique en Kabylie. Hérodote, 103, 57–91. doi: 10.3917/her.103.0057
    https://doi.org/10.3917/her.103.0057 [Google Scholar]
  19. (2005) Dictionnaire de la culture berbère en Kabylie. Paris: Editions la Découverte.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Lakoff, G. , & Kövecses, Z
    (1987) The cognitive model of anger inherent in American English. In D. Holland & N. Quinn (Eds.), Cultural models in language and thought (pp. 195–221). New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511607660.009
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511607660.009 [Google Scholar]
  21. Lakoff, G
    (1987) Women, fire, and dangerous things. What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. doi: 10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  22. Larkin, K.T
    (2005) Stress and hypertension: Examining the relation between psychological stress and high blood pressure. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. doi: 10.12987/yale/9780300106442.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.12987/yale/9780300106442.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  23. Maalej, Z
    (2004) Figurative language in anger expressions in Tunisian Arabic: An extended view of embodiment. Metaphor and Symbol, 19(1), 51–75. doi: 10.1207/S15327868MS1901_3
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327868MS1901_3 [Google Scholar]
  24. MacArthur, F
    (2016) When languages and cultures meet: Mixed metaphors in the discourse of Spanish speakers of English. In R.W. Gibbs (Ed.), Mixing metaphor (pp. 133–154). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/milcc.6.07mac
    https://doi.org/10.1075/milcc.6.07mac [Google Scholar]
  25. McDonogh, G.W. , Gregg, R. , & Wong, C.H
    (Eds.) (2001) Encyclopedia of contemporary American culture. London & New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Rosen, C.C. , Chang, C.H. , Djurdjevic, E. , & Eatough, E
    (2010) Occupational stressors and job performance: An updated review and recommendations. In P.L. Perrewé & D.C. Ganster (Eds.), New developments in theoretical and conceptual approaches to job stress (pp. 1–60). Bingley, UK: Emerald. doi: 10.1108/S1479‑3555(2010)0000008004
    https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-3555(2010)0000008004 [Google Scholar]
  27. Szelid, V. , & Geeraerts, D
    (2008) Usage-based dialectology: Emotion, concepts, in the southern Csango dialect. Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 6, 23–49. doi: 10.1075/arcl.6.03sze
    https://doi.org/10.1075/arcl.6.03sze [Google Scholar]
  28. Yu, L
    (1995) Metaphorical expressions of anger and happiness in Chinese and English. Metaphor and symbol, 10, 59–92. doi: 10.1207/s15327868ms1002_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms1002_1 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ijolc.3.2.04bel
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error