1887
Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2666-4224
  • E-ISSN: 2666-4232

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents a longitudinal study of a second language (L2) French speaker’s (Aurelia) use of the construction (‘you see’) over 15 months. Research on first language (L1) French has shown that has been subject to grammaticalization, whereby the construction in spoken language frequently serves as a discourse marker rather than a complement-taking predicate construction expressing visual perception. Drawing on longitudinal Conversation Analysis, I qualitatively and quantitatively analyze Aurelia’s use of in relation to its turn position and interactional purposes. I document a similar change happening in Aurelia’s use of the construction over time as what has been observed in L1 French: While she initially deploys exclusively in its ‘literal’ sense of visual perception and with a complement (, ‘you see X’), she eventually starts using it as a semantically bleached discourse marker for interaction-organizational and interpersonal purposes. A few ‘hybrid’ cases demonstrate the progressive nature of this change, and indicate further similarities between L2 acquisition and L1 grammaticalization processes. I discuss possible reasons for the documented change and address implications of the findings for research on both the development of L2 grammar-for-interaction and language change more generally.

Available under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/il.23001.sko
2023-10-23
2024-07-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/il.23001.sko.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/il.23001.sko&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Andersen, H. L.
    (1997) Propositions parenthétiques et subordination en français parlé. Dissertation, University of Copenhagen.
  2. (2007) Marqueurs discursifs propositionnels. Langue Française, 1541, 13–28. 10.3917/lf.154.0013
    https://doi.org/10.3917/lf.154.0013 [Google Scholar]
  3. Asmuß, B.
    (2011) Proposing shared knowledge as a means of pursuing agreement. InT. Stivers, L. Mondada & J. Steensig (Eds.), The morality of knowledge in conversation, (205–234). Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511921674.010
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511921674.010 [Google Scholar]
  4. Auer, P.
    (2020) Genau! Der auto-reflexive Dialog als Motor der Entwicklung von Diskursmarkern. InB. Weidner, K. König, W. Imo & L. Wegner (Eds.), Verfestigungen in der Interaktion: Konstruktionen, sequenzielle Muster, kommunikative Gattungen (pp. 263–294). De Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Auer, P., & Günthner, S.
    (2005) Die Entstehung von Diskursmarkern im Deutschen – ein Fall von Grammatikalisierung?. InT. Leuschner, T. Mortelmans & S. De Groodt (Eds.), Grammatikalisierung im Deutschen (pp. 335–362). De Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110925364.335
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110925364.335 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bolly, C.
    (2010) Pragmaticalisation du marqueur discursif tu vois. De la perception à l’évidence et de l’évidence au discours. InF. Neveu, V. Muni-Toké, J. Durand, T. Klingler, L. Mondada & S. Prévost (Eds.), Proceedings of the Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française – CMLF 2010 (Discours, pragmatique et interaction) (pp. 673–693). Paris: Institut de Linguistique Française. 10.1051/cmlf/2010243
    https://doi.org/10.1051/cmlf/2010243 [Google Scholar]
  7. (2012) Du verbe de perception visuelle au marqueur parenthétique ‘tu vois’: Grammaticalisation et changement linguistique. French Languange Studies, 221, 143–164. 10.1017/S0959269511000044
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959269511000044 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bybee, J. L.
    (2011) Usage-based theory and grammaticalization. InB. Heine & H. Narrog (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization (2011; online ed., Oxford Academic, 18 Sept. 2012), 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0006
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0006 [Google Scholar]
  9. Bybee, J. L., & Hopper, P.
    (2001) Introduction to frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure. InJ. Bybee & P. Hopper (Eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (pp. 1–24). John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.45.01byb
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.45.01byb [Google Scholar]
  10. Cappeau, P.
    (2004) Les sujets de deuxième personne à l’oral. Langage et société, 1081, 75–90. 10.3917/ls.108.0075
    https://doi.org/10.3917/ls.108.0075 [Google Scholar]
  11. Clayman, S. E., & Raymond, C. W.
    (2021) You know as invoking alignment: A generic resource for emerging problems of understanding and affiliation. Journal of Pragmatics, 1821, 293–309. 10.1016/j.pragma.2021.02.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2021.02.011 [Google Scholar]
  12. Deppermann, A., & Pekarek Doehler, S.
    (2021) Longitudinal conversation analysis – Introduction to the special issue. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 54(2), 127–141. 10.1080/08351813.2021.1899707
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08351813.2021.1899707 [Google Scholar]
  13. Détrie, C.
    (2010) De voir à tu vois/vous voyez : fonction sémantico-énonciative et postures énonciatives construites par ces particules interpersonnelles. InF. Neveu, V. Muni-Toké, J. Durand, T. Klingler, L. Mondada & S. Prévost (Eds.), Proceedings of the Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française – CMLF 2010 (Discours, pragmatique et interaction) (pp. 755–766). 10.1051/cmlf/2010035
    https://doi.org/10.1051/cmlf/2010035 [Google Scholar]
  14. Diewald, G.
    (2011) Grammaticalization and pragmaticalization. InB. Heine & H. Narrog (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization (2011; online ed., Oxford Academic, 18 Sept. 2012), 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0036
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0036 [Google Scholar]
  15. Diessel, H.
    (2011) Grammaticalization and language acquisition. In: B. Heine & H. Narrog (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization (2011; online ed., Oxford Academic, 18 Sept. 2012), 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0011
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0011 [Google Scholar]
  16. Eskildsen, S. W.
    (2011) The L2 inventory in action: Usage-based linguistics and conversation analysis in second language acquisition. InG. Pallotti & J. Wagner (Eds.), Learning as social practice: Conversation-analytic perspectives (pp. 327–364). National Foreign Language Resource Center.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. (2012) L2 negation constructions at work. Language Learning, 621, 335–372. 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2012.00698.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2012.00698.x [Google Scholar]
  18. (2018) L2 constructions and interactional competence: Subordination and coordination in English L2 learning. InA. Tyler, L. Huang, & H. Jan (Eds.), What is applied cognitive linguistics? Answers from current SLA research (pp. 61–96). Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110572186‑003
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110572186-003 [Google Scholar]
  19. (2020) Creativity and routinisation in L2 English – two usage-based case-studies. InW. Lowie, M. Michel, A. Rousse-Malpat, M. Keijzer & R. Steinkrauss (Eds), Usage-based dynamics in second language development (pp. 107–129). Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Fielder, S.
    (2020) Tu sais (’you know’) and t’sais (’y’know’) in spoken French. Travaux Neuchâtelois de Linguistique, (72), 1–29. 10.26034/tranel.2020.2890
    https://doi.org/10.26034/tranel.2020.2890 [Google Scholar]
  21. Giacalone Ramat, A.
    (1992) Grammaticalization processes in the area of temporal and modal relations. Studies in Second Language Acquisition14(3), 293–322.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Goffman, E.
    (1978) Response cries. Language, 54(4), 787–815. 10.2307/413235
    https://doi.org/10.2307/413235 [Google Scholar]
  23. Goodwin, C.
    (2009) Things, bodies, and language. InB. Fraser & K. Turner (Eds.), Language in life, and a life in language: Jacob Mey – A Festschrift (pp. 105–109). Emerald. 10.1163/9789004253209_015
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004253209_015 [Google Scholar]
  24. Haiman, J.
    (1994) Ritualization and the development of language. InW. Pagliuca (Ed.), Perspectives on grammaticalization (pp. 3–28). John Benjamins. 10.1075/cilt.109.07hai
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.109.07hai [Google Scholar]
  25. Hopper, P. J., & Traugott, E. C.
    (2003) Grammaticalization (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139165525
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139165525 [Google Scholar]
  26. Ishida, M.
    (2009) Development of interactional competence: Changes in the use of ne in L2 Japanese during study abroad. InH. T. Nguyen & G. Kasper (Eds.), Talk-in interaction: Multilingual perspectives (pp. 351–386). University of Hawai‘i.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kärkkäinen, E.
    (2003) Epistemic stance in English conversation. A description of its interactional functions, with a focus on ‘I think’. John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Keevallik, L., & Amon, M.
    (in press) Seeing is believing: The multisensorial emergence of the Estonian näed ‘you see’ as an evidential. Interactional Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kim, Y.
    (2009) Korean discourse markers in L2 Korean speakers’ conversation: An acquisitional perspective. InH. T. Nguyen & G. Kasper (Eds.), Talk-in-interaction: Multilingual perspectives (pp. 317–350). National Foreign Language Resource Center.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Lindström, J., Maschler, Y., & Pekarek Doehler, S.
    (Eds.) (2016) Grammar and negative epistemics in talk-in-interaction: Cross-linguistic studies. Special Issue of Journal of Pragmatics, 1061.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Lindström, J., & Wide, C.
    (2005) Tracing the origins of a set of discourse particles. Swedish particles of the type you know. Journal of Historical Pragmatics, 61, 211–236. 10.1075/jhp.6.2.04lin
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jhp.6.2.04lin [Google Scholar]
  32. Labov, W.
    (1994) Principles of linguistic change. Volume 1: Internal Factors. Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Larsen-Freeman, D.
    (2015) Complexity theory. InB. VanPatten & J. Williams (Eds.), Theories in second language acquisition: An introduction (pp. 227–244). Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Markee, N.
    (1997) Managing curricular innovation. Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Mondada, L.
    (2004) Marqueurs linguistiques et dynamiques discursives : le role des verbes de perception visuelle et de la spatialité dans la gestion du topic. InJ. Fernandez-Vest & S. Carter-Thomas (Eds.), Structure informationnelle et particules énonciatives: essai de typologie (pp. 101–126). L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Olsher, D.
    (2004) Talk and gesture: The embodied completion of sequential actions in spoken interaction. InR. Gardner & J. Wagner (Eds.), Second language conversations (pp. 221–245). Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Pekarek Doehler, S.
    (2018) Elaborations on L2 interactional competence: The development of L2 grammar-for-interaction. Classroom Discourse, 91, 3–24. 10.1080/19463014.2018.1437759
    https://doi.org/10.1080/19463014.2018.1437759 [Google Scholar]
  38. (2021) How grammar grows out of social interaction: From multi-unit to single-unit question. Open Linguistics, 7(1), 837–864. 10.1515/opli‑2020‑0150
    https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2020-0150 [Google Scholar]
  39. (2022) Multimodal action formats for managing preference: chais pas ‘dunno’plus gaze conduct in dispreferred responses to questions. Journal of Pragmatics, 1971, 81–99. 10.1016/j.pragma.2022.05.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2022.05.010 [Google Scholar]
  40. (in press). How grammar-for-interaction emerges over time: Evidence from second language talk. InM. Selting & D. Barth-Weingarten Eds. New perspectives in interactional linguistic research. John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Pekarek Doehler, S., & Balaman, U.
    (2021) The routinization of grammar as a social action format: A longitudinal study of video-mediated interactions. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 541, 283–202. 10.1080/08351813.2021.1899710
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08351813.2021.1899710 [Google Scholar]
  42. Pekarek Doehler, S., & Berger, E.
    (2018) L2 interactional competence as increased ability for context-sensitive conduct: A longitudinal study of story-openings. Applied Linguistics, 391, 555–578.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. (2019) On the reflexive relation between developing L2 interactional competence and evolving social relationships: A longitudinal study of word-searches in the ‘wild’. InJ. Hellermann, S. W. Eskildsen, S. Pekarek Doehler & A. Piirainen–Marsh (Eds.), Conversation analytic research on learning-in-action: The complex ecology of L2 interaction ‘in the wild’ (pp. 51–75). Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑030‑22165‑2_3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22165-2_3 [Google Scholar]
  44. Pekarek Doehler, S., & Skogmyr Marian, K.
    (2022) Functional diversification and progressive routinization of a multiword expression in and for social interaction: A longitudinal L2 study. The Modern Language Journal, 106(S1), 23–45. 10.1111/modl.12758
    https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12758 [Google Scholar]
  45. Pekarek Doehler, S., & Thörle, B.
    (in press). Discourse markers in second language acquisition. InM.-B. Mosegaard Hansen & J. Visconti Eds. Discourse markers in Romance. De Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Pomerantz, A.
    (1984) Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some features of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes. InM. Atkinson & J. Heritage (Eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis (pp. 57–101). Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Raumolin-Brunberg, H., & Nurmi, A.
    (2011) Grammaticalization and language change in the individual. InB. Heine & H. Narrog (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization (2011; online ed., Oxford Academic, 18 Sept. 2012), 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0020
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0020 [Google Scholar]
  48. Reaves, A.
    (2023) Discourse markers in second language French. Routledge. 10.4324/9781003323754
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003323754 [Google Scholar]
  49. Rogers, E. M.
    (2003) Diffusion of innovations. (5. ed.). Free press.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Schirm, S. K.
    (2022) L2 discourse markers and the development of interactional competence during study abroad. Dissertation, University of Waterloo.
  51. Skogmyr Marian, K.
    (2021) Assessing without words: Verbally incomplete utterances in complaints. Frontiers in Psychology. 121:689443. 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.689443
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.689443 [Google Scholar]
  52. (2022) The development of L2 interactional competence: A multimodal study of complaining in French interactions. Routledge. 10.4324/9781003271215
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003271215 [Google Scholar]
  53. Stivers, T., & Robinson, J.
    (2006) A preference for progressivity in interaction. Language in Society, 35(3), 367–392. 10.1017/S0047404506060179
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404506060179 [Google Scholar]
  54. Stivers, T., & Rossano, F.
    (2010) Mobilizing response. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 431, 3–31. 10.1080/08351810903471258
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08351810903471258 [Google Scholar]
  55. Stoenica, I. M., & Fiedler, S.
    (2021) Multimodal practice for mobilizing response: The case of turn-final tu vois ‘you see’ in French talk-in-interaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 121:659340. 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.659340
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.659340 [Google Scholar]
  56. Streeck, J.
    (2009) Forward-gesturing. Discourse Processes, 46(2–3), 161–179. 10.1080/01638530902728793
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638530902728793 [Google Scholar]
  57. Thompson, S. A., & Mulac, A.
    (1991) A quantitative perspective on the grammaticization of epistemic parentheticals in English. InE. C. Traugott & B. Heine (Eds.), Approaches to grammaticalization (pp. 313–329). John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.19.2.16tho
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.19.2.16tho [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/il.23001.sko
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/il.23001.sko
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error