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Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this systematic literature review was to answer the question of which executive function is most affected by interpreter training and experience. We used the ‘unity and diversity’ framework of executive functions to distinguish between three executive components: , and . Among the seventeen studies included in the review, we only found evidence for an interpreter advantage on and , but with a different pattern for each of these. With regard to , groups of interpreters scored better than comparison groups, but general trend in longitudinal studies did not show an improvement for interpreter trainees. In contrast, for , scores improved as a result of interpreting training. Our systematic review stresses the importance of understanding the diversity of executive processes when investigating the relationship between interpreting and cognitive performance.

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2020-07-02
2020-08-07
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: bilingual advantage; cognitive control; executive functions; working memory
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