1887
image of Parallel digital monolingualism
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examines the role of hashtags in the formation of affinity spaces linked to divergent linguistic cultures in the Canadian digital context. The linguistic cultures tend to accommodate certain language ideologies, which manifest through distinct forms of practical and discursive consciousness. The coexistence of divergent linguistic cultures that address shared topics in different ways is labelled “parallel digital monolingualism,” a form of multilingualism that has not been accounted for in previous research. This multilingualism exists because of the transfer of offline experiences (which, in Canada, are based on language and geography) into the affordances of digital contexts.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ip.00087.ves
2022-12-09
2023-01-29
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Anderson, Benedict
    1983Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Anthony, Laurence
    2022AntConc (Version 4.1.2) [Computer Software]. Tokyo, Japan: Waseda University. https://www.laurenceanthony.net/software (accessed13 October 2022).
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baker, Paul
    2006Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum. 10.5040/9781350933996
    https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350933996 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bateman, John A.
    2021 “What are digital media?” Discourse, Context & Media, . 10.1016/j.dcm.2021.100502
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2021.100502 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bonilla, Yarimar, and Jonathan Rosa
    2015 “#Ferguson: Digital protest, hashtag ethnography, and the racial politics of social media in the United States.” American Ethnologist(): –. 10.1111/amet.12112
    https://doi.org/10.1111/amet.12112 [Google Scholar]
  6. Boudreau, Annette
    2019À l’ombre de la langue légitime: L’Acadie dans la francophonie [In the Shadow of the Legitimate Language: Acadia in the Francophonie]. Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bourdieu, Pierre
    1991Language and Symbolic Power, ed. ByJohn B. Thompson and trans. byGino Raymond, and Matthew Adamson. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bruns, Axel, and Jean Burgess
    2015 “Twitter hashtags from ad hoc to calculated publics.” InHashtag Publics: The Power and Politics of Discursive Networks, ed. byNathan Rambukkana, –. New York: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Canagarajah, Suresh
    2013Translingual Practice: Global Englishes and Cosmopolitan Relations. Abingdon: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203120293
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203120293 [Google Scholar]
  10. Charland, Maurice
    1986 “Technological nationalism.” Canadian Journal of Political and Social Theory(): –.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Cummins, Jim
    2005 “Language competence as a learning resource within the mainstream classroom.” The Modern Language Journal(): –.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fettes, Mark
    2019 “Language, land, and stewardship: Indigenous imperatives and Canadian policy.” InLanguage Politics and Policies: Perspectives from Canada and the United States, ed. byThomas Ricento, –. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781108684804.015
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108684804.015 [Google Scholar]
  13. García, Ofelia, and Li Wei
    2014Translanguaging: Language, Bilingualism and Education. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9781137385765
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137385765 [Google Scholar]
  14. Gee, John Paul
    2005 “Semiotic social spaces and affinity spaces: From the age of mythology to today’s schools.” InBeyond Communities of Practice, ed. byDavid Barton, and Karin Tusting, –. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511610554.012
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511610554.012 [Google Scholar]
  15. Giaxoglou, Korina
    2018 “#JeSuisCharlie? Hashtags as narrative resources in contexts of ecstatic sharing.” Discourse, Context & Media: –. 10.1016/j.dcm.2017.07.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2017.07.006 [Google Scholar]
  16. Heller, Monica
    1999 “Heated language in a cold climate.” InLanguage Ideological Debates, ed. byJan Blommaert, –. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110808049.143
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110808049.143 [Google Scholar]
  17. 2006Linguistic Minorities and Modernity: A Sociolinguistic Ethnography (2nd edn.). London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Heyd, Teresa, and Cornelius Puschmann
    2017 “Hashtagging and functional shift: Adaptation and appropriation of the #.” Journal of Pragmatics: –. 10.1016/j.pragma.2016.12.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2016.12.004 [Google Scholar]
  19. Hill, Jane H.
    1993 “Hasta la vista, baby: Anglo Spanish in the American southwest.” Critique of Anthropology: –. 10.1177/0308275X9301300203
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0308275X9301300203 [Google Scholar]
  20. 1995a “Junk Spanish, covert racism, and the (leaky) boundary between public and private spheres.” Pragmatics: –. 10.1075/prag.5.2.07hil
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.5.2.07hil [Google Scholar]
  21. 1995b “Mock Spanish: A site for the indexical reproduction of racism in American English.” InLanguage and Culture Symposium, Binghampton University, New York. language-culture.binghamton.edu/symposia/2/part1/index.html (accessed22 March 2022).
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 1998 “Language, race, and white public space.” American Anthropologist: –. 10.1525/aa.1998.100.3.680
    https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.1998.100.3.680 [Google Scholar]
  23. Jørgensen, J. Normann
    2008 “Polylingual languaging around and among children and adolescents.” International Journal of Multilingualism(): –. 10.1080/14790710802387562
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790710802387562 [Google Scholar]
  24. Kehoe, Andrew, and Matt Gee
    2011 ”Social tagging: A new perspective on textual ‘aboutness.’” Studies in Variation, Contacts, and Change in English: Methodological and Historical Dimensions of Corpus Linguistics, ed. byPaul Rayson, Sebastian Hoffmann, and Geoffrey Leech. https://varieng.helsinki.fi/series/volumes/06/kehoe_gee// (accessed22 March 2022).
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kelly-Holmes, Helen
    2005Advertising as Multilingual Communication. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230503014
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230503014 [Google Scholar]
  26. Kroskrity, Paul
    1998 “Arizona Tewa Kiva speech as a manifestation of a dominant language ideology.” InLanguage Ideologies: Practice and Theory, ed. byBambi B. Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul V. Kroskrity, –. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 2010 “Language ideologies – evolving perspectives.” InSociety and Language Use, ed. byJürgen Jaspers, Jan-Ola Östman, and Jef Verschueren, –. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/hoph.7.13kro
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hoph.7.13kro [Google Scholar]
  28. Kytölä, Samu and Elina Westinen
    2015 “‘I be da reel gansta’ – A Finnish footballer’s Twitter writing and metapragmatic evaluations of authenticity.” Discourse, Context & Media: –. 10.1016/j.dcm.2015.05.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2015.05.001 [Google Scholar]
  29. Lamoureux, Sylvie A.
    2012 “‘My parents may not be French sir, but I am’: Exploration of linguistic identity of Francophone bilingual youth in transition in multicultural, multilingual Ontario.” International Journal of Multilingualism(): –. 10.1080/14790718.2011.644557
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2011.644557 [Google Scholar]
  30. Lee, Carmen
    2017Multilingualism Online. Abiingdon: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. 2022 “Researching multilingual digital discourse.” InResearch Methods for Digital Discourse Analysis, ed. byCamilla Vasquez, –. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Leppänen, Sirpa, and Ari Häkkinen
    2012 “Buffalaxed superdiversity: Representations of the other on YouTube.” Diversities(): –.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Leppänen, Sirpa, and Saija Peuronen
    2020 “Multilingualism and the internet.” InThe Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, ed. byCarol A. Chappelle, –. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0805.pub2
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0805.pub2 [Google Scholar]
  34. Li, Wei
    2018 ”Translanguaging as a practical theory of language.” Applied Linguistics(): –. 10.1093/applin/amx039
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amx039 [Google Scholar]
  35. MacLennan, Hugh
    1945Two Solitudes. Kingston/Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Pariser, Eli
    2011The Filter Bubble: What The Internet Is Hiding From You. London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Ochs, Elinor
    1992 “Indexing gender.” InRethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, ed. byAlessandro Duranti, and Charles Goodwin, –. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Raboy, Marc
    1991 “Canadian broadcasting, Canadian nationhood: Two concepts, two solitudes and great expectations.” Electronic Journal of Communication(). www.cios.org/EJCPUBLIC/001/2/00123.HTML (accessed20 March 2022).
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Schiffman, Harold
    1996Linguistic Culture and Language Policy. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203273487
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203273487 [Google Scholar]
  40. Scott, Kate
    2015 “The pragmatics of hashtags: Inference and conversational style on Twitter.” Journal of Pragmatics: –. 10.1016/j.pragma.2015.03.015
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2015.03.015 [Google Scholar]
  41. Seargeant, Philip, and Caroline Tagg
    2014 “Introduction: The language of social media.” InThe Language of Social Media, ed. byPhilip Seargeant, and Caroline Tagg, –. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9781137029317_1
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137029317_1 [Google Scholar]
  42. Small, Tamara A., and Harold J. Jansen
    2020 “Twenty years of digital politics in Canada.” InDigital Politics in Canada: Promises and Realities, ed. byTamara A. Small, and Harold. J. Jansen, –. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Statistics Canada
    Statistics Canada 2016 “2016 census of the population.” https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index (accessed21 March 2021).
  44. Taylor, Charlotte, and Anna Marchi
    (eds.) 2018Corpus Approaches to Discourse: A Critical Review. Abingdon: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Vander Wal, Thomas
    2007 “Folksonomy.” www.vanderwal.net/folksonomy.html (accessed21 March 2021).
  46. Vessey, Rachelle
    2016 “Language ideologies in social media: The case of Pastagate.” Journal of Language and Politics(): –. 10.1075/jlp.15.1.01ves
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.15.1.01ves [Google Scholar]
  47. 2021 “Nationalist language ideologies in tweets about the 2019 Canadian general election.” Discourse, Context & Media, . 10.1016/j.dcm.2020.100447
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2020.100447 [Google Scholar]
  48. Vipond, Mary
    2008 “One network or two? French-language programming on the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission, 1932–36.” The Canadian Historical Review(): –.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Woolard, Kathryn A.
    2020 “Language ideology.” InThe International Encyclopedia of Linguistic Anthropology, ed. byJames Stanlaw. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. 10.1002/9781118786093.iela0217
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786093.iela0217 [Google Scholar]
  50. Zappavigna, Michele
    2011 “Ambient affiliation: A linguistic perspective on Twitter.” New Media and Society(): –. 10.1177/1461444810385097
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444810385097 [Google Scholar]
  51. 2015 “Searchable talk: The linguistic functions of hashtags.” Social Semiotics(): –. 10.1080/10350330.2014.996948
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10350330.2014.996948 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ip.00087.ves
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ip.00087.ves
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: Canada ; French ; English ; multilingualism ; language ideology ; digital discourse ; hashtags ; affinity space
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error