1887
Volume 161, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0019-0829
  • E-ISSN: 1783-1490
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Increasingly, English is becoming the dominant language of business education. The reasons are well known: internationalization, globalization, and the desire to prepare students for the business environment in the coming decades. This paper speculates about the impact of English-medium instruction in business education on the nature of English proficiency, the nature of the content learned, and the perspective for business practice. Firstly, students can learn content effectively through a foreign language, and have been doing so for centuries. However, with English-medium instruction in a non-English-speaking environment, the growth in language competences in English may rather lie in specific skills, with the acceptance of ‘fossilized’ language use, reduced accuracy and less nuanced communication, even if CLIL approaches are adopted. Secondly, regarding the impact on content learning, it is possible that the learning itself may be relatively unaffected, but if both students and staff have a less accurate and less nuanced competence in English, the expressive competences may be affected. Thirdly, a language imposes its own perspectives on the world. Business education through the medium of English may engender an English filter on students’ perspectives on business practices and communication. This paper suggests that this matters.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/itl.161.07wil
2011-01-01
2019-09-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Airey, J.
    (2009) Science, language and literacy. Case studies of learning in Swedish university physics. Uppsala: University of Uppsala.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Dijcks, R., Dolmans, D., & Glatz, J.
    (2001) Het gebruik van Engels als voertaal in het medisch onderwijs [The use of English as instructional language in medical education]. Tijdschrift voor Medisch Onderwijs, 20(4), 134–139. doi:  10.1007/BF03056516
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03056516 [Google Scholar]
  3. Dolmans, D.
    (2005a) Resultaten programma-evaluatie Engels in blok 2.3 04-05 [Programme evaluation of English in block 2.3]. [Internal report]. Maastricht University, Department of Educational Development and Research.
  4. (2005b) Resultaten programma-evaluatie Engels in blok 2.5 04-05 [Programme evaluation of English in block 2.5]. [Internal report]. Maastricht University, Department of Educational Development and Research.
  5. English for Specific Purposes
    English for Specific Purposes, 24(5) 2005 [Special issue ‘English as a lingua franca in international business contexts’].
  6. Entwistle, N.
    (1981) Styles of learning and teaching. An integrated outline of educational psychology for students, teachers and lecturers. Chichester: John Wiley.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gill, S. K.
    (2002) International communication. English language challenges for Malaysia. Serdang, Malaysia: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Grin, F.
    (2002) Using language economics and education economics in language education policy. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, Language Policy Division. Retrieved from www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/source/grinen.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hellekjaer, G. O.
    (2005) The acid test: Does upper secondary EFL instruction effectively prepare Norwegian students for the reading of English textbooks at colleges and universities?Oslo: University of Oslo.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hellekjaer, G. O., & Wilkinson, R.
    (2003) Trends in content learning through English at universities: a critical reflection. In C. van Leeuwen & R. Wilkinson (Eds.), Multilingual approaches in university education: Challenges and practices (pp. 81–102). Nijmegen: Valkhof Pers.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hofstede, G.
    (2001) Culture’s consequences. Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hofstede, G., & Hofstede, G.-J.
    (2004) Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind (2nd edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hommes, J., & Muysken, J.
    (2001) Structured peer review in writing skills in economics. Paper given at 8th EDINEB Congress, Nice, June 20–22.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Jacobs, C.
    (2004) The integration of academic literacies into the tertiary curriculum: creating discursive spaces. In R. Wilkinson (Ed.), Integrating content and language: Meeting the challenge of a multilingual university (pp. 162–177). Maastricht: Maastricht University.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. (2007) Integrating content and language: whose job is it anyway?In R. Wilkinson & V. Zegers (Eds.), Researching content and language integration in higher education (pp. 35–47). Maastricht: Maastricht University.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jochems, W.
    (1991) Effects of learning and teaching in a foreign language. European Journal of Engineering Education, 4, 309–316. doi:  10.1080/03043799108939537
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03043799108939537 [Google Scholar]
  17. Jochems, W., Snippe, J., Smid, H. J., & Verweij, A.
    (1996) The academic progress of foreign students: study achievement and study behaviour. Higher Education, 31, 325–340. doi:  10.1007/BF00128435
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00128435 [Google Scholar]
  18. Kassis-Henderson, J., Lecomte, P., & Vigier, M.
    (2010) How does language teaching in business education contribute to professionalizing the curriculum?Paper presented at Languages in Business Education conference, Brussels (24-25 June),
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Klaassen, R.
    (2001) The international university curriculum. Challenges in English-medium engineering education. Delft: Delft University of Technology.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Maiworm, F., & Wächter, B.
    (2002) English-language-taught degree programmes in European higher education. [ACA Papers on International Cooperation in Education]. Bonn: Lemmens Verlags-und Mediengesellschaft.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Marton, F., & Säljö, R.
    (1976a) On qualitative differences in learning — 1: Outcome and process. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 46, 4–11 doi:  10.1111/j.2044‑8279.1976.tb02980.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.1976.tb02980.x [Google Scholar]
  22. (1976b) On qualitative differences in learning — 2: Outcome as a function of the learner’s conception of the task. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 46, 115–27. doi:  10.1111/j.2044‑8279.1976.tb02304.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.1976.tb02304.x [Google Scholar]
  23. Mauranen, A.
    (2003) The corpus of English as lingua franca in academic settings. TESOL Quarterly, 37(2), 513–527. doi:  10.2307/3588402
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3588402 [Google Scholar]
  24. McDowell, M., Thom, R., Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B.
    (2009) Principles of economics (2nd European edition). Maidenhead, UK: McGraw-Hill.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Mukherjee, J.
    (2008) English as a Global Pidgin (EGP) in academia: some prolegomena. In C. Gnutzmann (Ed.), English in academia: Catalyst or barrier? (pp. 107–115). Tübingen: Gunter Narr.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Nickerson, C.
    (2005) English as a lingua franca in international business contexts [Editorial]. English for Specific Purposes24(5), 367–380. doi:  10.1016/j.esp.2005.02.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2005.02.001 [Google Scholar]
  27. O’Dea, C.
    (2009, December 16) Linguists unite against English invasion. Swiss Info.com. Retrieved on 20 May 2010, from www.swissinfo.ch/eng/culture/Linguists_unite_against_English_invasion.html?cid=7911192
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Perloff, J.M.
    (2009) Microeconomics (5th international edition). Boston: Pearson Addison Wesley.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Phillipson, R.
    (2003) English-only Europe. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Seidlhofer, B.
    (2001) Closing a conceptual gap: the case for English as a lingua franca. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 11(2), 133–158. doi:  10.1111/1473‑4192.00011
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1473-4192.00011 [Google Scholar]
  31. (2003) A concept of international English and related issues: from ‘real English’ to ‘realistic English’?Strasbourg: Council of Europe, Language Policy Division. Retrieved from www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/source/seidlhoferen.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  32. (2005) Standard future or half-baked quackery? Descriptive and pedagogical bearings on the globalisation of English. In C. Gnutzmann & F. Intemann (Eds.), Globalisation of English and the English language classroom (pp. 155–169). Tübingen: Gunter Narr.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Smit, U.
    (2007) Writing in English as a lingua franca (ELF) in international higher education. In R. Wilkinson & V. Zegers (Eds.), Researching content and language integration in higher education (pp. 207–222). Maastricht: Maastricht University.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Swales, J.
    (1997) English as Tyrannosaurus Rex. World Englishes, 16(3), 373–382. doi:  10.1111/1467‑971X.00071
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-971X.00071 [Google Scholar]
  35. Trompenaars, F.
    (1993) Riding the waves of culture. Understanding cultural diversity in business. London: Nicholas Brealey.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Trigwell, K., & Prosser, M.
    (2004) Development and use of the approaches to teaching inventory. Educational Psychology Review, 16, 409–424. doi:  10.1007/s10648‑004‑0007‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-004-0007-9 [Google Scholar]
  37. Truchot, C.
    (2002) Key aspects of the use of English in Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Language Policy Division. Retrieved from www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/source/truchoten.pdf.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Vinke, A. A.
    (1995) English as the medium of instruction in Dutch engineering education. Delft: Delft University of Technology.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Wächter, B., & Maiworm, F.
    (2008) English-taught programmes in European higher education. The picture in 2007. [ACA Papers on International Cooperation in Education]. Bonn: Lemmens.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Wilhelmer, N., & Unterberger, B.
    (2010) Establishing best practice guidelines for CLIL business courses at Austrian universities. Paper presented at Languages in Business Education conference, Brussels (24-25 June).
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Wilkinson, R.
    (2004) Integrating content in language and language in content: Conclusions from two experiences. In R. Wilkinson (Ed.), Integrating content and language: Meeting the challenge of a multilingual university (pp. 453–465). Maastricht: Maastricht University.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. (2005) The impact of language on teaching content: Views from the content teacher. Paper presented at Bi-and Multilingual Universities Conference, Helsinki, 2005. Retrieved from www.palmenia.helsinki.fi/congress/bilingual2005/presentations/wilkinson.pdf.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. (2008) Locating the ESP space in problem-based learning: English-medium degree programmes from a post-Bologna perspective. In I. Fortanet-Gómez & C.A. Räisänen (Eds.), ESP in European higher education. Integrating language and content (pp. 55–73). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi:  10.1075/aals.4.05wil
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aals.4.05wil [Google Scholar]
  44. (2010, February) Emerging language policy: top-down, bottom-up, or simply responding to events?Paper presented at Bi-and Multilingual Universities Conference, Luxembourg, University of Luxembourg.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Wilkinson, R. & Geerligs, T.
    (1993) Language teaching for specific purposes within a problem-based learning curriculum. In S. Barrueco, E. Hernández, & L. Sierra (Eds.), Lenguas para fines específicos (III): investigación y enseñanza (pp. 13–28). Alcalá de Henares: Universidad de Alcalá.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Wyrley-Birch, B.
    (2004) Language and content: Components of expertise in higher education practice. In R. Wilkinson (Ed.), Integrating content and language: Meeting the challenge of a multilingual university (pp. 190–201). Maastricht: Maastricht University.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/itl.161.07wil
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error