1887
Volume 162, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0019-0829
  • E-ISSN: 1783-1490
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to examine whether a “general approach for specific purposes”, i.e. a general approach to Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) research, is possible or even desirable. We will briefly review some of the major changes that have taken place in LSP research, and this with a view to situating the five studies that have been included in this special issue of ITL – International Journal of Applied Linguistics. The approach is based on the existing LSP literature, but rather than attempting a comprehensive overview, we will discuss only those trends that may be instrumental in forging a general research agenda for the near future. LSP research has gradually replaced texts as its main object of enquiry in favour of the complex social and discursive practices of a particular discipline. Though the areas covered in this special issue are business, legal and maritime discourse, it is equally interesting to?tices (like recreational team sports). The shift from text to practice, from terminology to communication, has necessitated a principled inter-disciplinary and multi-perspectival stance in terms of both theories and methodologies. In addition, globalisation, technology and other societal forces have affected the dynamics of professional and organisational communication. This article will argue that it is to these trends and developments that the special issue makes a significant contribution. At the same time, it is hoped that our article will open up new possibilities for applied linguistic research and will also stimulate debate on what direction LSP researchers, both experienced practitioners and newcomers, should be moving in.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/itl.162.01ryc
2011-01-01
2019-08-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alvarez-Pompilius, F.
    (2009) What alter says and ego hears: A discourse-based analysis of control, trust and information in a professional organization. In F. Ramallo, A. Suárez, X. Rodriguez-Yáñez & P. Cap (Eds.), New approaches to discourse and business communication (pp. 212–230). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Backhaus, K., & Tikoo, S.
    (2004) Conceptualizing and researching employer branding. Career Development International, 9(4/5), 501–517. doi:  10.1108/13620430410550754
    https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430410550754 [Google Scholar]
  3. Bargiela-Chiappini, F., Nickerson, C., & Planken, B.
    (Eds.) (2007) Business discourse. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:  10.1057/9780230627710
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230627710 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bazerman, C.
    (1994) Systems of genres and the enactment of social intentions. In A Freedman & P. Medway (Eds.), Genre and the new rhetoric (pp. 79–101). London: Taylor & Francis.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bhatia, V. K.
    (2004) Worlds of written discourse: A genre-based view. London/New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bhatia, V. K., Candlin, C., & Engberg, J.
    (Eds.) (2008) Legal discourse across cultures and systems. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. doi:  10.5790/hongkong/9789622098510.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.5790/hongkong/9789622098510.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  7. Bhatia, V. K., Sánchez Hernández, P., & Pérez-Paredes, P.
    (Eds.) (2011) Researching specialized languages. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi:  10.1075/scl.47
    https://doi.org/10.1075/scl.47 [Google Scholar]
  8. Candlin, C., & Sarangi, S.
    (Eds.) (2011) Handbook of communication in organisations and professions. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi:  10.1515/9783110214222
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110214222 [Google Scholar]
  9. Candlin, C.
    (2011, 4 July) Reconceptualising applied linguistic research in professional & organizational communication as an inter-disciplinary project. Paper presented at the Applied Linguistics & Professional and Organisational Communication Symposium, University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Carliner, S., Verckens, J. P., & de Waele, C.
    (Eds.) (2006) Information and document design: Varieties on recent research. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi:  10.1075/ddcs.7
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ddcs.7 [Google Scholar]
  11. Chung, T. M., & Nation, P.
    (2004) Identifying technical vocabulary. System, 32, 251–263. doi:  10.1016/j.system.2003.11.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2003.11.008 [Google Scholar]
  12. CILT
    CILT (2007) Effects on the European Union economy of shortages of foreign language skills in enterprise. London: CILT, the National Centre for Languages.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Coulthard, M., & Johnson, A.
    (2010) The Routledge handbook of forensic linguistics. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. De Rycker, A. (2011) Coaching in recreational team sports as a professional and discursive practice(RFGS Grant application). Unpublished manuscript.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Ellis, N., & Larsen-Freeman, D.
    (2006) Language emergence: Implications for applied linguistics [Introduction to the Special Issue]. Applied Linguistics, 27(4), 558–559. doi:  10.1093/applin/aml028
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/aml028 [Google Scholar]
  16. Engberg, J.
    (2006) Languages for specific purposes. In K. Brown (Ed.), Encyclopedia of language and linguistics (pp. 679–683). Oxford: Pergamon Press. doi:  10.1016/B0‑08‑044854‑2/00643‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-044854-2/00643-X [Google Scholar]
  17. Ferraro, G.
    (2010) The cultural dimension of international business (6th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Field, J.
    (2006) Lifelong learning and the new educational order. Stoke on Trent, UK: Trentham Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Galinski, C., & Nedobity, W.
    (1988) Special languages, terminology planning and standardization. In R. Strehlow (Ed.), Standardization of technical terminology: Principles and practices (Vol. 2, pp. 4–13). Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials. doi:  10.1520/STP29544S
    https://doi.org/10.1520/STP29544S [Google Scholar]
  20. Gibbons, J.
    (2003) Forensic linguistics: An introduction to language in the justice system. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Giannoni, D., & Frade, C.
    (2010) Researching language and the law: Textual features and translation issues. Bern: Peter Lang. 10.3726/978‑3‑0351‑0014‑3
    https://doi.org/10.3726/978-3-0351-0014-3 [Google Scholar]
  22. Gnutzmann, C.
    (2009) Language for specific purposes vs. general language. In K. Knapp & B. Seidlhofer (Eds.), Handbook of foreign language communication and learning (pp. 517-544). Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gotti, M., & Williams, C.
    (2010) Legal discourse across languages and cultures. Bern: Peter Lang. 10.3726/978‑3‑0351‑0011‑2
    https://doi.org/10.3726/978-3-0351-0011-2 [Google Scholar]
  24. Graves, H., & Graves, R.
    (2007) A strategic guide to technical communication. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Gunarsson, B.-L.
    (2008) Professional communication. In N. Van Deusen-Scholl & N. Hornberger (Eds.), Encyclopedia of language and education: Second and foreign language education (2nd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 83–95). New York: Springer Science+Business Media. doi:  10.1007/978‑0‑387‑30424‑3_91
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_91 [Google Scholar]
  26. Hewings, A., & North, S.
    (2010) Texts and practices. In J. Maybin & J. Swann (Eds.), Routledge companion to English language studies (pp. 42–75). London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kress, G.
    (2001) From Saussure to critical sociolinguistics: The turn towards a social view of language. In M. Wetherell, Taylor, S. & Yates, S. (Eds.), Discourse theory and practice: A reader (pp. 29–38). London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Malloch, M., Cairns, L., Evans. K., & O’Connor, B.
    (2010) The Sage handbook of workplace learning. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. McArthur, T.
    (Ed.) (1992) The Oxford companion to the English language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Nekvapil, J.
    (2006) The development of languages for special purposes. In U. Ammon, Dittmar, N., Mattheier, K. & P. Trudgill (Eds.), Sociolinguistics: An international handbook of the science of language and society (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 2223–2232). Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Nickerson, C., & Planken. B.
    (2009) Europe: The state of the field. In F. Bargiela-Chiappini, Nickerson, C. & B. Planken, B. (Eds.), Handbook of business discourse (pp. 18–29). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Olsson, J.
    (2004) Forensic linguistics: An introduction to language, crime and the law. London/ New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Pérez-Llantada, C., & Watson, M.
    (Eds.) (2011) Specialized languages in the global village: A multi-perspective approach. Cambridge: Scholars.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Roberts, C., & Sarangi, S.
    (2005) A theme-oriented approach to discourse analysis. Medical Education, 39(6), 632–646. doi:  10.1111/j.1365‑2929.2005.02171.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02171.x [Google Scholar]
  35. Sarangi, S., & Candlin, C.
    (2001) Motivational relevancies: Some methodological reflections on sociolinguistic practice. In N. Coupland, Sarangi, S. & C. Candlin (Eds.), Sociolinguistics and social theory (pp. 350–388). London: Pearson.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Shanks, D.
    (1995) The psychology of associative learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:  10.1017/CBO9780511623288
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511623288 [Google Scholar]
  37. Sinclair, J.
    (1991) Corpus, concordance, collocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Tannen, D.
    (1989) Talking voices: Repetition, dialogue, and imagery in conversational discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Temmerman, R.
    (2000) Towards new ways of terminology description: The sociocognitive approach. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi:  10.1075/tlrp.3
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tlrp.3 [Google Scholar]
  40. Van Leeuwen, T.
    (2009) Discourse as the recontextualization of social practice: A guide. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of critical discourse analysis (2nd ed., pp. 144–161). London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Van Lier, L.
    (2004) The ecology and semiotics of language learning: A sociocultural perspective. Boston/Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. doi:  10.1007/1‑4020‑7912‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-7912-5 [Google Scholar]
  42. Wüster, E.
    (1979) Introduction to the general theory of terminology and terminological lexicography. Vienna: Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/itl.162.01ryc
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error