1887
Volume 166, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0019-0829
  • E-ISSN: 1783-1490

Abstract

This paper explores the ambiguous nature of applied linguistics as a field of enquiry, to contextualise the interpretation of data from an empirical study into how research expertise in applied linguistics is conceptualised, and how it develops during an academic’s career. Key findings from the study include the importance of being willing to work at the boundaries of one’s knowledge, the capacity to communicate one’s ideas effectively, and the role of a good quality research environment for developing knowledge, skills and confidence. It is proposed that these features fit well with the modern imperative of addressing the world’s major problems though a cross-disciplinary approach to research, putting applied linguists into a strong position to contribute to new research knowledge.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/itl.166.1.01wra
2015-06-08
2019-10-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Agnew, N.M. , Ford, K.M. , & Hayes, P.J
    (1997) Expertise in context: Personally constructed, socially selected and reality-relevant?In P.J. Feltovitch , K.M. Ford , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), Expertise in context: Human and machine (pp.219–244). Menlo Park, CA/Cambridge, MA: AAAI Press/The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. BAAL
    (1997) Notes on the history of the British Association for Applied Linguistics 1967-1997. www.baal.org.uk/dox/history_of_baal.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bygate, M
    (2005) Applied linguistics: A pragmatic discipline, a generic discipline?Applied Linguistics, 26(4), 568–581. doi: 10.1093/applin/ami032
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/ami032 [Google Scholar]
  4. Chappelle, C.A
    (2013) Introduction. In C.A. Chappelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (Vol.1; pp.lxvii–lxxv). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chi, M.T.H
    (2006) Two approaches to the study of experts’ characteristics. In K.A. Ericsson , N. Charness , P.J. Feltovich , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance (pp. 21–30). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511816796.002
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816796.002 [Google Scholar]
  6. Chi, M. , Glaser, R. , & Rees, E
    (1982) Expertise in problem-solving. In R. Stemberg (Ed.), Advances in the psychology of human intelligence (Vol. 1; pp. 7–75). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Collins, H
    (2007) A new programme of research?Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 37, 615–620 doi: 10.1016/j.shpsa.2007.09.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2007.09.004 [Google Scholar]
  8. Corder, S.P
    (1973) Introducing applied linguistics. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Coupland, N
    (1997) Language, ageing and ageism: A project for applied linguistics?International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(1), 26–48. doi: 10.1111/j.1473‑4192.1997.tb00102.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-4192.1997.tb00102.x [Google Scholar]
  10. Davies, A
    (2007) An introduction to applied linguistics (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Davies, A. , & Elder, C
    (Eds.) (2004) The handbook of applied linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9780470757000
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470757000 [Google Scholar]
  12. Donovan, A. , Malone, M. , Riestenberg, K. , McGroarty, M. , Tarone, E. , & Wiley, T
    (2014) The state of applied linguistics: Past, present and future. Colloquium at American Association for Applied Linguistics Conference , Portland, OR, 25th March (pp.159). www.aaal.org/associations/12182/files/FINAL%20AAAL%202014%20Conference%20Progam%20for%20Website.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Dreyfus, H. , & Dreyfus, S
    (2005) Peripheral vision: Expertise in real world contexts. Organization Studies, 26(5), 779–792 doi: 10.1177/0170840605053102
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840605053102 [Google Scholar]
  14. Ericsson, K.A
    (2006a) The influence of experience and deliberate practice on the development of superior expert performance. In K.A. Ericsson , N. Charness , P.J. Feltovich , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance (pp. 683–703). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511816796.038
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816796.038 [Google Scholar]
  15. (2006b) An introduction to Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance: Its development, organization, and content. In K.A. Ericsson , N. Charness , P.J. Feltovich , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance (pp. 3–19). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511816796.001
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816796.001 [Google Scholar]
  16. Feltovich, P. , Prietula, M. , & Ericsson, K.A
    (2006) Studies of expertise from psychological perspectives. In K.A. Ericsson , N. Charness , P.J. Feltovich , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert ferformance (pp. 41–67). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511816796.004
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816796.004 [Google Scholar]
  17. Feltovich, P.J. , Spiro, R.J. , & Coulson, R.L
    (1997) Issues of expert flexibility in contexts characterized by complexity and change. In P.J. Feltovich , K.M. Ford , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), Expertise in context: Human and machine (pp. 125–146). Menlo Park, CA/Cambridge, MA: AAAI Press/The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hall, C.J. , Smith, P.H. , & Wicaksono, R
    (2011) Mapping applied linguistics. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hoffman, R.R
    (1998) How can expertise be defined? Implications of research from cognitive psychology. In R. Williams , W. Faulkner , & J. Fleck (Eds.), Exploring expertise (pp. 81–100). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. doi: 10.1007/978‑1‑349‑13693‑3_4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-13693-3_4 [Google Scholar]
  20. House, J
    (2009) Response in: What is applied linguistics?Cambridge University Press. www.cambridge.org/servlet/file/store7/item5633198/version1/Article_What%20is%20applied%20linguistics.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Mieg, H.A
    (2006) Social and sociological factors in the development of expertise. In K.A. Ericsson , N. Charness , P.J. Feltovich , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance (pp. 743–760). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511816796.041
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816796.041 [Google Scholar]
  22. Rampton, B
    (1997) ‘Retuning in applied linguistics?’International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(1), 3–25. doi: 10.1111/j.1473‑4192.1997.tb00101.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-4192.1997.tb00101.x [Google Scholar]
  23. Ross, G
    (2008) An interview with Harry Collins. American Scientist online. www.americanscientist.org/bookshelf/pub/an-interview-with-harry-collins
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Schraw, G
    (2006) Knowledge: Structures and process. In P. Alexander & P. Winne (Eds.), Handbook of educational psychology (2nd ed.), (pp. 245–263). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Shanteau, J
    (1988) Psychological characteristics and strategies of expert decision-makers. Acta Psychologica, 68, 203–215. doi: 10.1016/0001‑6918(88)90056‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6918(88)90056-X [Google Scholar]
  26. Sosniak, L
    (2006) Retrospective interviews in the study of expertise and expert performance. In K.A. Ericsson , N. Charness , P.J. Feltovich , & R.R. Hoffman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance (pp. 287–301). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511816796.016
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816796.016 [Google Scholar]
  27. Widdowson, H
    (2000) On the limitations of linguistics applied. Applied Linguistics, 21(1), 3–25 doi: 10.1093/applin/21.1.3
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/21.1.3 [Google Scholar]
  28. Wray, A. , & Wallace, M
    (2011) Accelerating the development of expertise: A step-change in social science research capacity-building. British Journal of Educational Studies, 59(3), 241–264. Special issue Research capacity building in education . doi: 10.1080/00071005.2011.599790
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00071005.2011.599790 [Google Scholar]
  29. (2014) Developing social science research expertise: A resource and guide for trainers. National Centre for Research Methods. www.restore.ac.uk/researchexpertise/
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Wright, M
    (2013) Homicide detectives’ intuition. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 10, 182–199. doi: 10.1002/jip.1383
    https://doi.org/10.1002/jip.1383 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/itl.166.1.01wra
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): applied linguistics , capacity building , interdisciplinarity and research expertise
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error