Volume 72, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0019-0829
  • E-ISSN: 1783-1490
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


In view of the evidence that comprehensible input is necessary for language acquisition (Krashen 1980, 1982, Long 1981, 1983, 1985), this study compared the listening comprehension of NNSs' of English on directions to an assembly task given by a NS under two input conditions : (1) Syntactically and semantically input interaction and (2) input with interaction.

Two hypotheses were tested in the study. First, it was predicted that interaction in Condition (2) would lead to even greater syntactic and semantic modification of input than was built in a priori in Condition (1) and second, that NNSs' comprehension of input in Condition (2) would exceed that in Condition (1). Both hypotheses were supported.

Analysis of the data indicated that the most significant aids to comprehension brought about by interaction were increased quantity and redundancy of input. Several specific interactional modifications, such as confirmation and comprehension checks and clarification requests were also shown to be critical factors in input comprehension. However, a reduction in the syntactic complexity of the input was observed to play no significant role in its comprehension.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Blau, E.K.
    (1982) : The effect of syntax on reada-bility for ESL students in Puerto Rico. TESOL Quarterly16/4:517–528.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brumfit, C. and K. Johnson
    (eds) (1979) : The Com-municative Approach to Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. Chaudron, C.
    (1983) : Simplification of input : topic reinstatements and their effects on L2 learners' recognition and recall.TESOL Quartely17/3:437–458
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chaudron, C
    (1985) : Intake : On models for dis-covering learners' processing of input. Studies in Second Language7/1:1–14.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Corder, S. Pitt
    (1967) : The significance of learners' errors. IRAL5:161–170.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Hatch, E.
    (1983) : Psycholinguistics : A Second Language Perspective. Rowley, MA : Newbury House.
  7. Honeyfield, J.
    (1977) : Simplification. TESOL Quarterly11/4:431–441.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Johnson, K. and K. Morrow
    (eds) (1981) : Communication in the Classroom. London: Longman.
  9. Johnson, P.
    (1981) : Effects of reading comprehension on language complexity and cultural background of a text. TESOL Quarterly15/2:169–181.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Krashen, S.
    (1980) : The input hypothesis. In J. Alatis (ed.), Current Issues in Bilingual Education.Washington, D.C. : Georgetown University Press.
  11. (1982) : Principles and practice in second language acquisition. Oxford : Pergamon Press.
  12. Krashen, S.
    (1983) : Newmark's "ignorance hypothesis" and current second language acquisition theory.In S. Gass and L. Selinker (eds). Language Transfer in Language Learning Rowley, Mass. : Newbury House.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Krashen, S.
    1985 : The Input Hypothesis. London : Longman.
  14. Long, M.H.
    (1980) : Input, interaction and second language acquisition. Ph.D. Dissertation, UCLA.
  15. Long, M.H. (1981) : Input, interaction, and second language acquisition. In H. Winitz (ed.), Native Language and Foreign Language Acquisition. New York : Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 379:259–278.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Long, M.H.
    (1983) : Linguistic and conversational adjustments to non-native speakers. Studies in Second Language5/2:177–193.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. (1985) : Input and second language acquisition theory. In S. Gass and C. Maden (eds.), Input in Second Language Acquistion. Rowley, MA. : Newbury House.
  18. Phillips, M. and Shettlesworth, C.
    (1975) : Ques-tions in the design and use of English for specialized purposes. Proceedings of the4th International Conference of Applied Linguistics. Stuttgart.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error