1887
Volume 10, Issue 3
  • ISSN 2211-4742
  • E-ISSN: 2211-4750
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The article focuses on the analysis of Demosthenes’ strategic maneuvering in the delivered in the Athenian Assembly of the People in 349 BC. It is a case study of the famous § 24 in which Demosthenes calls for the attack on Philip of Macedonia, based on a hypothetical reciprocal scenario: Philip would attack Athens in a similar situation. The first part of the paper offers an argumentative characterisation of the Assembly of the People. Subsequently, the historical and situational circumstances of the speech are described, and an argumentative reconstruction of Demosthenes’ speech is presented. The evaluation of the speech’s context serves as a reference point for the analysis of strategic maneuvering by putting forward the argument in § 24. The argument is analysed in terms of three strategic maneuvering aspects: choice of topical potential, adaptation to audience demands, and presentational devices.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jaic.20013.sva
2021-12-14
2022-05-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Andone, Corina
    2013Argumentation in political interviews: Analyzing and evaluating responses to accusations of inconsistency. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/aic.5
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aic.5 [Google Scholar]
  2. 2016 “Delimiting the burden of proof in political interviews.” Journal of Argumentation in Context5 (1): 74–87. 10.1075/jaic.5.1.04and
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jaic.5.1.04and [Google Scholar]
  3. Cartwright, Mark
    2018 “Athenian Democracy.” InAncient History Encyclopedia. Available at: https://www.ancient.eu/Athenian_Democracy/
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Demosthenes
    Demosthenes 1930a “First Olynthiac.” InDemosthenes with an English translation by J. H. Vince, M.A., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, London: William Heinemann Ltd., available at: www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0014.tlg001.perseus-eng1
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Demosthenes
    Demosthenes 1930b “Third Philippic.” InDemosthenes with an English translation by J. H. Vince, M.A., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, London: William Heinemann Ltd., available at: www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0014.tlg009.perseus-eng1:1
    [Google Scholar]
  6. van Eemeren, Frans H.
    2010Strategic maneuvering in argumentative discourse: Extending the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 10.1075/aic.2
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aic.2 [Google Scholar]
  7. 2016 “Identifying argumentative patterns: A vital step in the development of pragma-dialectics.” Argumentation30 (1): 1–24. 10.1007/s10503‑015‑9377‑z
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-015-9377-z [Google Scholar]
  8. van Eemeren, Frans H., and Bart Garssen
    2009 “In varietate concordia – united in diversity: European Parliamentary debate as an argumentative activity type.” InOSSA conference archive, available at: scholar.uwindsor.ca/ossaarchive/OSSA8/papersandcommentaries/39/
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 2015 “Exploiting the Room for Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse Dealing with Audience Demand in the European Parliament.” InReasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse, ed. byFrans H. van Eemeren, 861–874. Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑319‑20955‑5_47
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20955-5_47 [Google Scholar]
  10. van Eemeren, Frans H., Bart Garssen, Erik C. W. Krabbe, A. Francisca Snoeck Henkemans, Bart Verheij, and Jean H. M. Wagemans
    2014Handbook of argumentation theory. Dordrecht: Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. van Eemeren, Frans H., and Rob Grootendorst
    1992Argumentation, communication, and fallacies: A pragma-dialectical perspective. Hillsdale/New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. van Eemeren, Frans H., and Peter Houtlosser
    2000 “Rhetorical analysis within a pragma-dialectical framework. The case of R. J. Reynolds.” Argumentation14 (3): 293–305. 10.1023/A:1007857114100
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007857114100 [Google Scholar]
  13. 2006 “Strategic maneuvering: A synthetic recapitulation.” Argumentation20 (4): 381–392. 10.1007/s10503‑007‑9037‑z
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-007-9037-z [Google Scholar]
  14. van Eemeren, Frans H., Peter Houtlosser, and A. Francisca Snoeck Henkemans
    2007Argumentative indicators: A pragma-dialectical study. Dordrecht: Springer. 10.1007/978‑1‑4020‑6244‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6244-5 [Google Scholar]
  15. Garssen, Bart
    2016 “Problem-solving argumentative patterns in plenary debates of the European Parliament.” Argumentation30 (1): 25–44. 10.1007/s10503‑015‑9378‑y
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-015-9378-y [Google Scholar]
  16. 2013 “Strategic maneuvering in European Parliamentary Debate.” Journal of Argumentation in Context2 (1): 33–46. 10.1075/jaic.2.1.02gar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jaic.2.1.02gar [Google Scholar]
  17. 2017 “The role of the argument by example in legislative debates of the European Parliament.” Journal of Argumentation in Context6 (1): 27–43. 10.1075/jaic.6.1.02gar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jaic.6.1.02gar [Google Scholar]
  18. 1997 Argumentatieschema’s in PragmaDialectisch Perspectief. Een Theoretisch en Empirisch Onderzoek. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Amsterdam. Dordrecht: ICG Printing b.v.
  19. Gerring, John
    2007Case study research: Principles and practices. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hansen, Morgens H.
    1999The Athenian democracy in the age of Demosthenes: Structure, principles, and ideology. University of Oklahoma Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hogg, Michael A.
    2003 “Social Identity.” InHandbook of self and identity, ed. byMark R. Leary, and June P. Tangney, 462–479. New York: Guilford.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hunt, Peter
    2010War, peace, and alliance in Demosthenes’ Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511676604
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511676604 [Google Scholar]
  23. Kienpointner, Manfred
    2013 “Strategic maneuvering in the political rhetoric of Barack Obama.” Journal of Language and Politics12 (3): 357–377. 10.1075/jlp.12.3.03kie
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.12.3.03kie [Google Scholar]
  24. Leland, Thomas
    1853 “The first Olynthiac oration. Introduction.” InThe orations of Demosthenes: Pronounced to excite the Athenians against Philip, king of Macedon, and on occasions of public deliberation, 12. London: Henry G. Bohn.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. MacDowell, Douglas M.
    2009Demosthenes the Orator. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287192.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287192.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  26. McGraw-Hill Dictionary
    McGraw-Hill Dictionary 2002 “Two can play this game”. InMcGraw-Hill Dictionary, available at: idioms.thefreedictionary.com/Two+can+play+this+game
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Mohammed, Dima
    2008 “Institutional insights for analysing strategic manoeuvring in the British Prime Minister’s Question Time.” Argumentation22 (3): 377–393. 10.1007/s10503‑008‑9090‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-008-9090-2 [Google Scholar]
  28. 2009 ‘The honourable gentleman should make up his mind’: Strategic Manoeuvring with Accusations of Inconsistency in Prime Minister’s Question Time. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Amsterdam. Available at: https://run.unl.pt/handle/10362/37620
  29. 2015 “Pursuing multiple goals in European Parliamentary Debates: EU immigration policies as a case in point.” InArgumentation in Political Deliberation, ed. byMarcin Lewiński, Dima Mohammed, 47–74. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/bct.76.03moh
    https://doi.org/10.1075/bct.76.03moh [Google Scholar]
  30. 2018Argumentation in Prime Minister’s Question Time: Accusation of inconsistency in response to criticism. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/aic.15
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aic.15 [Google Scholar]
  31. Osborne, Robin
    2010Athens and Athenian Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Perelman, Chaïm, and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca
    1969The New Rhetoric: A treatise on argumentation. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Plug, H. José
    2017 “The strategic use of argumentation from example in plenary debates in the European Parliament.” InContextualizing Pragma-dialectics, ed. byFrans H. van Eemeren and Wu Peng, 159–176. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/aic.12.10plu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aic.12.10plu [Google Scholar]
  34. Plutarch
    Plutarch 1919 “Demosthenes.” InPlutarch’s Lives. With an English translation by Bernadotte Perrin. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. London. William Heinemann Ltd., available at: www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0007.tlg054.perseus-eng1:1.1
    [Google Scholar]
  35. van Poppel, Lotte
    2013 Getting the vaccine now will protect you in the future! A pragma-dialectical analysis of strategic maneuvering with pragmatic argumentation in health brochures. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Amsterdam. Available at: https://pure.uva.nl/ws/files/1919829/128801_thesis.pdf
  36. Ryder, T. T. B.
    2000 “Demosthenes and Philip II.” InDemosthenes: Statesman and orator, ed. byIan Worthington, 45–89. London/New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Scott, Elizabeth M.
    1991 A critical analysis of the Scholia Demosthenica on the First Olynthiac. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Glasgow. Available at: theses.gla.ac.uk/3971/
  38. Sealey, Raphael
    1993Demosthenes and his time: A study in defeat. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sinclair, R. K.
    1991Democracy and participation in Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Worthington, Ian
    2000 “Introduction: Demosthenes, then and now.” InDemosthenes: Statesman and orator, ed. byIan Worthington, 1–8. London/New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. 2013Demosthenes of Athens and the fall of classical Greece. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jaic.20013.sva
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jaic.20013.sva
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error