1887
Argumentation and the interpretation of religious texts
  • ISSN 2211-4742
  • E-ISSN: 2211-4750
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Our time is an apocalyptic time, but the argumentation in this apocalyptic time has hardly been studied by scholars of argumentation. This article shows how both Donald Trump and the jihadist warriors of ISIS appeal to an apocalyptic worldview in their argumentation. The three topos of evil, time and authority from Stephen O’Leary’s are used in the analysis. Both Trump supporters and jihadist warriors see themselves as fighting for God and their enemies as representing evil forces. For scholars of argumentation the role of arguments woven into narratives that become whole worldviews needs to be studied more thoroughly.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jaic.22007.eri
2023-05-09
2024-05-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Amanat, Abbas
    1998 “The Resurgence of Apocalyptic in Modern Islam.” InEncyclopedia of Apocalypticism vol 3; Apocalypticism in the Modern Period and the Contemporary Age, ed. byStephen J. Stein, 230–264. New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Applebaum, Yoni
    2016 “I alone can fix it.” The Atlantic, July 22, 2016, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/07/trump-rnc-speech-alone-fix-it/492557/
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Arjomand, Said Amir
    1998 “Islamic Apocalypticism in the Classic Period.” InEncyclopedia of Apocalypticism vol 2; Apocalypticism in Western History and Culture, ed. byBerard McGinn, 238–283. New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Boyer, Paul S.
    2003 “When U.S. Foreign Policy Meets Biblical Prophecy.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Feb14.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Brummett, Barry
    1991Contemporary Apocalyptic Rhetoric. New York: Praeger.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bunzel, Cole
    2015From paper state to Caliphate: The ideology of the Islamic State. Analysis Paper no. 19. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. https://www.brookings.edu/research/from-paper-state-to-caliphate-the-ideology-of-the-islamic-state/
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cancik, Hubert
    1998 “The End of the World, and of the Individual in Greek and Roman Antiquity.” InThe Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism 1: The Origins of Apocalypticism in Judaism and Christianity, ed. byJohn J. Collins, 84–125. New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Clifford, Richard J. S. J.
    1998 “The Roots of Apocalypticism in Near Eastern Myth.” InThe Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism 1: The Origins of Apocalypticism in Judaism and Christianity, ed. byJohn J. Collins, 3–38. New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Cohn-Sherbok, Dan
    2006The politics of apocalypse: The history and influence of Christian Zionism. Oxford: Oneworld.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Collins, John J.
    1998The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature. 2nd ed.Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Conley, Thomas M.
    1994Rhetoric in the European Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Cook, David
    2014 “The Beginnings of Islam as an Apocalyptic Movement.” InWar in Heaven Heaven on Earth: Theories of the Apocalyptic, ed. byStephen D. O’Leary & Glen S. McGhee, 79–93. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Coolsaet, Rik
    2016 “Facing the Fourth Foreign Fighters Wave. What drives Europeans to Syria, and to IS? Insights from the Belgian case.” Egmont Paper811. Egmont-Royal Institute for International Relations.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Cottee, Simon
    2017 “‘What ISIS Really Wants’” Revisited: Religion Matters in Jihadist Violence, but How.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism401, 439–454. 10.1080/1057610X.2016.1221258
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1221258 [Google Scholar]
  15. Djupe, Paul & Burge, Ryan P.
    2020 “Trump the Anointed?” Religion in Public Blog. May 11, 2020. https://religioninpublic.blog/2020/05/11/trump-the-anointed
  16. Doury, Marianne
    2018 “Interpreting argumentation. The insider and outsider points of view.” Keynote at the 9th international conference on argumentation of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation at the University of Amsterdam. Amsterdam, July 4.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Eemeren, Frans H. van
    2010Strategic maneuvering in argumentative discourse: Extending the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/aic.2
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aic.2 [Google Scholar]
  18. 2011 “In Context: Giving contextualization its rightful place in the study of argumentation”. Argumentation, 251: 141–161. 10.1007/s10503‑011‑9211‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-011-9211-1 [Google Scholar]
  19. 2013 “Strategic maneuvering in argumentative discourse in political deliberation”. Journal of Argumentation in Context, 2:1, 11–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Eemeren, Frans H. van, and Peter Houtlosser
    2002 “Strategic maneuvering: Maintaining a delicate balance.” InDialectic and rhetoric: The warp and woof of argumentation analysis, ed. byFrans H. van Eemeren and Peter Houtlosser, 131–159. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. 10.1007/978‑94‑015‑9948‑1_10
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9948-1_10 [Google Scholar]
  21. Van Eemeren, Frans H. and Rob Grootendorst
    2004A systematic theory of argumentation: The pragma-dialectical approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Van Eemeren, Frans & Bart Garssen
    2020 “Argument Schemes: Extending the Pragma-Dialectical Approach.” InFrom Argument Schemes to Argumentative Relations in the Wild”. Ed byFrans Van Eemeren & Bart Garssen, 11–23. Cham: Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑030‑28367‑4_2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28367-4_2 [Google Scholar]
  23. Ehrman, Bart D.
    1999Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Filiu, Jean-Pierre
    2011Apocalypse in Islam. Trans.M. B. DeBevoise. Berkeley: University of California.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed
    2012 “A Blind Spot.” Foundation for Defense of Democracies. November2 2020 https://www.fdd.org/analysis/2012/11/02/a-blind-spot/
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Goodnow, Trischa
    2019 “Signs of the Apocalypse: An Analysis of Trump Magazine Covers During the 2016 Presidential Campaign.” American Behavioral Scientist63(7), 826–835. 10.1177/0002764217730635
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764217730635 [Google Scholar]
  27. Gorski, Philip
    2017 “Why evangelicals voted for Trump. A critical cultural sociology.” American Journal of Cultural Sociology51, 338–354. 10.1057/s41290‑017‑0043‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1057/s41290-017-0043-9 [Google Scholar]
  28. Haija, Rammy M.
    2006 “The Armageddon Lobby: Dispensational Christian Zionism and the Shaping of U S Policy Towards Israel – Palestine.” Holy Land Studies: A Multidisciplinary Journal51, 75–95. 10.3366/hls.2006.0006
    https://doi.org/10.3366/hls.2006.0006 [Google Scholar]
  29. Hamid, Shadi
    2014 “The Roots of the Islamic State’s Appeal.” The Atlantichttps://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/10/the-roots-of-the-islamic-states-appeal/382175
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Haykel, Bernard
    2016 “ISIS and al-Qaeda – What Are They Thinking? Understanding the Adversary,” AAPSS6681, 71–81. 10.1177/0002716216672649
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716216672649 [Google Scholar]
  31. Hultgård, Anders
    1998 “Persian Apocalypticism.” InThe Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism 1: The Origins of Apocalypticism in Judaism and Christianity, ed. byJohn J. Collins, 39–83. New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Jeffress, Robert
    2015Countdown to the Apocalypse: Why Isis and Ebola are only the Beginning. New York: FaithWords.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Koch, Klaus
    1972The Rediscovery of Apocalyptic, SBT2/22. Naperville, Ill: Allenson.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. LaHaye, Tim and Jerry B. Jenkins
    1995’2007Left Behind. 161novels. Wheaton, Ill: Tyndale House Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Lindsey, Hal
    1970Late great planet Earth. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. 1980The 1980’s, Countdown to Armageddon. New York: Bantam Books
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Lyotard, Jean-François
    1984 [1979]The postmodern condition: A Report on Knowledge. Trans.Geoff Bennington. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. McCants, William
    2015The ISIS Apocalypse: The history, strategy, and doomsday vision of the Islamic State. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. McQueen, Alison
    2018Political Realism in Apocalyptic Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Noll, Mark
    2011 “Jesus and Jefferson”. The New Republic”May19. https://newrepublic.com/article/88644/review-daniel-williams-darren-dochuk-christian-right
    [Google Scholar]
  41. O’Leary, Stephen D.
    1994Arguing the Apocalypse: A Theory of Millennial Rhetoric. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Perelman, Chaim & Lucille Olbrechts-Tyteca
    1958La nouvelle rhétorique: Traité de l’argumentation. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France [Engl. transl. 1969 The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press].
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Petri, Alexandra
    2017 “President Trump has one of the greatest memories of all time.” Washington PostOct27 2017 https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/compost/wp/2017/10/27/president-trump-has-one-of-the-greatest-memories-of-all-time/
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Pike, Nelson
    1964 “Hume on Evil”. InGod and Evil, ed. byNelson Pike, 85–102. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Rossing, Barbara R.
    2004The Rapture Exposed: The Message of Hope in the Book of Revelation. New York: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Rowland, Robert C. and Kirsten Theye
    2008 “The Symbolic DNA of Terrorism”. Communication Monographs751: 58–85. 10.1080/03637750701885423
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03637750701885423 [Google Scholar]
  47. Rubinelli, Sara
    2009Ars Topica: The Classical Technique of Constructing Arguments from Aristotle to Cicero. Argumentation Library 15. Dordrecht: Springer. 10.1007/978‑1‑4020‑9549‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9549-8 [Google Scholar]
  48. Schwadel, Philip and Gregory A. Smith
    2019 “Evangelical approval of Trump remains high, but other religious groups are less supportive.” Pew ResearchMarch 18, 2019. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/03/18/evangelical-approval-of-trump-remains-high-but-other-religious-groups-are-less-supportive/
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Serwer, Adam
    2019 “The Trump Infallibility Doctrine.” The Atlantic, November 5, 2019. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/11/republicans-believe-trump-infallible/601426/
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Shoemaker, Stephen J.
    2012The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad’s Life and the Beginnings of Islam. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 10.9783/9780812205138
    https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812205138 [Google Scholar]
  51. 2018The Apocalypse of Empire: Imperial Eschatology in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Sutton, Matthew Avery
    (2014) American Apocalypse: A History of modern Evangelicalism. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Taylor, Charles
    2004Modern Social Imaginaries. Durham: Duke University Press. 10.1215/9780822385806
    https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822385806 [Google Scholar]
  54. Taylor, Mark
    2017The Trump Prophecies: The astonishing true story of the man who saw tomorrow … and what he says is coming next. Defender Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Tharoor, Ishaan
    2016 “Belgium’s Big Problem with Radical Islam,” The Washington Post, 22 March, 2016. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/03/22/belgiums-big-problem-with-radical-islam/
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Tindale, Christopher W.
    2015The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781316181645
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316181645 [Google Scholar]
  57. Toulmin, Stephen
    1958The Uses of Argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Walton, Douglas
    2006Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Walton, Douglas, Chris Reed, and Fabrizio Macagno
    2008Argumentation schemes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511802034
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511802034 [Google Scholar]
  60. Warden, James
    2017Bible prophecy & Trump: Daniel prophesied of a goat stubborn king of the west that will make his nation great in the end times. Then the unthinkable occurs. Over 150 end time prophecies. Independently published
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Weber, Max
    1965The Sociology of Religion, 4 ed. London: Methuen.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Wehner, Peter
  63. Wood, Graeme
    2015 “What ISIS Really Wants”. The Atlantic, March 2015. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/03/what-isis-really-wants/384980/
    [Google Scholar]
  64. 2017The Way of the Strangers: Encounters with the Islamic State. London: Allen Lane.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jaic.22007.eri
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): apocalyptic; argumentation; ISIS; narrative; reasonableness; religion; rhetoric; Trump
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error