Argumentation in Journalism
  • ISSN 2211-4742
  • E-ISSN: 2211-4750
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


Argumentation is generally conceived of as a dialogic activity between two or more participants. Nonetheless, it operates also at an intrapersonal level (Rocci 2005), in a soliloquy where protagonist and antagonist of the critical discussion are embodied in the same person. We argue this case by analyzing journalists’ argumentation about linguistic choices in newswriting processes. Empirically, we draw on data generated with progression analysis (Perrin 2003), in particular with cue-based retrospective verbal protocols. The data was produced by the journalists under investigation when they, while watching video recordings of their text production processes, reconstructed and verbalized their decisions (Perrin 2011: 60). In the detail analysis, we focus on one editorial by an experienced journalist of the main Italian-language newspaper in Switzerland.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Aakhus, Mark
    2007 “Conversations for Reflection: Augmenting Transitions and Transformations in Expertise”. InRethinking Knowledge Management, ed. by Claire R. McInerney and Ronald E. Day , 1–20. Berlin/ Heidelberg: Springer doi: 10.1007/3‑540‑71011‑6_1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-71011-6_1 [Google Scholar]
  2. Aristotle
    . Posterior Analytics. Topica, ed. and transl. by Hugh Tredennick and Harold North Fowler . Cambridge/ London: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. . Art of Rhetoric ed. by Jeffrey Henderson , transl. by John H. Freese . Cambridge, Massachussetts/ London: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakhtin, Mikhail M
    2006 [1935]The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays, ed. by Michael Holquist . Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bell, Allan
    1991The Language of News Media. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Billig, Michael
    1996 [1987]Arguing and Thinking: A Rhetorical Approach to Social Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bitzer, Lloyd F
    1959 “Aristotle’s Enthymeme Revisited.” The Quarterly Journal of Speech45: 399–408. doi: 10.1080/00335635909382374
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00335635909382374 [Google Scholar]
  8. Burger, Marcel , & Delaloye, Laura
    (this issue). The Framing of Argumentation in the Making of a Political Editorial: From Normative Expectations to Stylistic Credo of the Journalists. Journal of Argumentation in Context.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Clayman, Stephen E. , and Ann Reisner
    1998 “Gatekeeping in Action: Editorial Conferences and Assessments of Newsworthiness”. American Sociological Review63: 178–199. doi: 10.2307/2657322
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2657322 [Google Scholar]
  10. Cotter, Colleen
    2010News Talk. Investigating the Language of Journalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511811975
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511811975 [Google Scholar]
  11. Dascal, Marcelo
    2005 “Debating with Myself and Debating with Others”. InControversies and Subjectivity, ed. by Pierluigi Barrotta and Marcelo Dascal , 33–73. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cvs.1.04das
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cvs.1.04das [Google Scholar]
  12. Eemeren, Frans H. van , and Rob Grootendorst
    2004A Systematic Theory of Argumentation: The Pragma-dialectical Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Goffman, Erving
    1981Forms of Talk. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gravengaard, Gitte , and Lene Rimestad
    2011 “Elimination of Ideas and Professional Socialisation”. Journalism Practice6 (4): 465–481. doi: 10.1080/17512786.2011.642243
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2011.642243 [Google Scholar]
  15. 2014 “Socializing Journalist Trainees in the Newsroom. On How to Capture the Intangible Parts of the Process.” Nordicom Review35: 91–95.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Greco Morasso, Sara
    2013 “Multivoiced Decisions. A Study of Migrants’ Inner Dialogue and its Connection to Social Argumentation.” Pragmatics & Cognition21 (1): 55–80. doi: 10.1075/pc.21.1.03mor
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pc.21.1.03mor [Google Scholar]
  17. Hample, Dale , and Judith M. Dallinger
    1990 “Arguers as Editors.” Argumentation4:153–169. doi: 10.1007/BF00175420
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00175420 [Google Scholar]
  18. Hample, Dale , Warner, Ben , and Dorian Young
    2009 “Framing and Editing Interpersonal Arguments.” Argumentation23: 21–37. doi: 10.1007/s10503‑008‑9107‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-008-9107-x [Google Scholar]
  19. Harcup, Tony
    2009Journalism: Principles and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Jacquette, Dale
    2007 “Two Sides of Any Issue.” Argumentation21: 115–127. doi: 10.1007/s10503‑007‑9039‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-007-9039-x [Google Scholar]
  21. Larrain, Antonia , and Andrés Haye
    2012 “The discursive nature of inner speech.” Theory & Psychology22 (1): 3–22. doi: 10.1177/0959354311423864
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354311423864 [Google Scholar]
  22. Perelman, Chaim , and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca
    2010 [1958]The New Rhetoric. A Treatise on Argumentation. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly
    2000La construction de l’intelligence dans l’interaction sociale. Bern [etc.]: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Perrin, Daniel
    2003 “Progression Analysis (PA): Investigating Writing Strategies at the Workplace.” Journal of Pragmatics35 (6): 907–921. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(02)00125‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00125-X [Google Scholar]
  25. 2011Medienlinguistik. Konstanz: UVK.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. 2013The Linguistics of Newswriting. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/aals.11
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aals.11 [Google Scholar]
  27. Rigotti, Eddo
    2005 “Congruity Theory and Argumentation.” Studies in Communication Sciences: Argumentation in Dialogic Interaction. 75–96.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. 2006 “Relevance of Context-bound loci to Topical Potential in the Argumentation Stage.” Argumentation20: 519–540. doi: 10.1007/s10503‑007‑9034‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-007-9034-2 [Google Scholar]
  29. Rigotti, Eddo , and Sara Greco Morasso
    2009 “Argumentation as an Object of Interest and as a Social and Cultural Resource.” InArgumentation and Education, ed. by Natalie Muller Mirza and Anne-Nelly Perret-Clermont , 9–66. Dordrecht: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978‑0‑387‑98125‑3_2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-98125-3_2 [Google Scholar]
  30. 2010 “Comparing the Argumentum Model of Topics to Other Contemporary Approaches to Argument Schemes: The Procedural and Material Components.” Argumentation24 (4): 489–512. doi: 10.1007/s10503‑010‑9190‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-010-9190-7 [Google Scholar]
  31. . In preparation. Inference in Argumentation: A Topics-based Approach to Argument Schemes. To be submitted to Springer Argumentation Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Rocci, Andrea
    2005 “Connective Predicates in Monologic and Dialogic Argumentation.” Studies in Communication Sciences: Argumentation in Dialogic Interaction. 97–118.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Ruhmann, Gabriela , and Daniel Perrin
    2002 “Schreibstrategien in Balance. Was Wissenschaftler von Journalistinnen lernen können.” InSchreiben. Von intuitiven zu professionellen Schreibstrategien, ed. by Daniel Perrin , Ingrid Boettcher , Otto Kruse and Arne Wrobel , 129–138. Wiesbaden [etc.]: Westdeutscher Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Shoemaker, Pamela J
    1991Gatekeeping. Newbury Park [etc.]: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Schön, Donald A
    2007 [1983]The Reflective Practitioner. How Professionals Think in Action. Aldershot: Ashgate.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Tuchman, Gaye
    1974 “Making News by Doing Work: Routinizing the Unexpected.” American Journal of Sociology79 (1): 110–131. doi: 10.1086/225510
    https://doi.org/10.1086/225510 [Google Scholar]
  37. Vygotsky, Lev
    1962 [1934]Thought and Language, ed. and transl. by Eugenia Hanfmann , and Gertrude Vakar . Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press and New York/ London: Wiley.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Zampa, Marta
    2015News values as endoxa of newsmaking. An investigation of argumentative practices in the newsroom. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Lugano: Università della Svizzera italiana.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Zampa, Marta , and Marina Bletsas
    . forthcoming. “On the Production of a Multimodal News Item: An Argumentative Approach.” Semiotica: Argumentation and Multimodality.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Zittoun, Tania
    2006Transitions. Development Through Symbolic Resources. Greenwich, Connecticut: Information Age Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error