1887
Volume 28, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0957-6851
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9838
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study considers the Japanese phenomenon of (SKD) ‘Herbivore Men’ within larger discourses of ‘East-Asian gentle masculinity.’ Focusing on lexical variation across both scripted and naturalistic data, the current study argues that while use of salient variables by SKD identified speakers in media closely conform to stereotypically gendered usage patterns, use of these variables in naturalistic data is more complex, suggesting speakers’ engagement in the performance of a range of gendered stances. Furthermore, data indicate that rather than use of particular lexical items, e.g. a given pragmatic particle, the performance of gendered types emerges through patterns in the use of a range of items and that use of a single item does not by itself signal gendered performance. Concurrently, interlocutors ignore speakers’ use of otherwise salient variables when they do not conform to interlocutors’ pre-existing images of these speakers, focusing instead on use of those variables that confirm their metalinguistic images of the speaker.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/japc.00012.kro
2018-08-10
2019-11-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Aruteishia
    Aruteishia (2009) Sooshokukeidanshi ni ai sureba [In love with a Sooshokukeidanshi]. Tokyo, Japan: Media Factory.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bucholtz, M. and Hall, K.
    (2005) Language and identity. InDuranti, A. (Ed.) A companion to linguistic anthropology. Blackwell Reference Online. Retrieved fromwww.blackwellreference.com/subscriber/tocnode.html?id=g9781405144308_chunk_g97814051443081910.1002/9780470996522.ch16
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470996522.ch16 [Google Scholar]
  3. Campbell-Kibler, K.
    (2007) Accent, (ING), and the social logic of listener perceptions. American Speech, 82(1), 32–64.10.1215/00031283‑2007‑002
    https://doi.org/10.1215/00031283-2007-002 [Google Scholar]
  4. (2008) I’ll be the judge of that: Diversity in social perceptions of (ING). Language in Society, 37, 637–659.10.1017/S0047404508080974
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404508080974 [Google Scholar]
  5. (2011) Intersecting variables and perceived sexual orientation in men. American Speech, 86(1), 52–68.10.1215/00031283‑1277510
    https://doi.org/10.1215/00031283-1277510 [Google Scholar]
  6. Cogan, B. , & Cogan, G.
    (2006) Gender and Authenticity in Japanese Popular Music: 1980–2000. Popular Music and Society, 29(1), 69–90.10.1080/03007760500167313
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03007760500167313 [Google Scholar]
  7. Cook, H.
    (1987) Social meanings of the Japanese sentence final particle no. IPrA Papers in Pragmatics, 1(2), 124–168.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Darling-Wolf, F.
    (2004a) SMAP, sex and masculinity: Constructing the perfect female fantasy in Japanese popular music. Popular music and society, 27(3). 357–370.10.1080/03007760410001733189
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03007760410001733189 [Google Scholar]
  9. (2004b) Women and new men: Negotiating Masculinity in the Japanese media. The communication review, 7, 285–303.10.1080/10714420490492193
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10714420490492193 [Google Scholar]
  10. Davis, C.
    (2009) Decisions, dynamics and the Japanese particle yo. Journal of Semantics, 26(4), 329–366.10.1093/jos/ffp007
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jos/ffp007 [Google Scholar]
  11. Deguchi, T.
    (Producer) (2013, April 8) SMAP x SMAP [Television broadcast]. Tokyo, Japan: Fuji Television.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. DuBois, J. W.
    (2007) The stance triangle. InR. Englebretson (Ed.), Stancetaking in discourse – Subjectivity, evaluation, interaction (pp.139–182). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.10.1075/pbns.164.07du
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.164.07du [Google Scholar]
  13. Eckert, P.
    (2008) Variation and the indexical field. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 12, 453–476.10.1111/j.1467‑9841.2008.00374.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9841.2008.00374.x [Google Scholar]
  14. Endo, O.
    (2001) Onna no ko no ‘boku/ore’ wa okashikunai [Girls’ use of ‘boku/ore’ isn’t strange]. InO. Endo (Ed.), Onna to Kotoba (pp.30–39). Tokyo: Asahi Shohan.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Englebretson, R.
    (2007) Stancetaking in discourse: An introduction. InR. Englebretson (Ed.), Stancetaking in discourse – Subjectivity, evaluation, interaction (pp.1–25). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.10.1075/pbns.164.02eng
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.164.02eng [Google Scholar]
  16. Furuichi, N.
    (2011) Zetsuboo no kuni no koofuku na wakamonotachi [The happy young people of a hopeless country]. Tokyo: Koodansha.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Fujimoto, M.
    (2012)  Ohagurobera: Nikushokukeidanshi [Ohagurobera: Carnivore men]. Asahi Shimbun, Retrieved fromdatabase.asahi.com.ezproxy.stanford.edu/library2e/topic/t-detail.php.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Fujita, S. ( Producer ), & Wata, A.
    (Director) (2010) Sooshokukeidanshi [Herbivore men] [Motion Picture]. Japan: Pony Canyon.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Inoue, M.
    (2004) What does language remember? Indexical inversion and the naturalized history of Japanese women. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 14(1), 39–56.10.1525/jlin.2004.14.1.39
    https://doi.org/10.1525/jlin.2004.14.1.39 [Google Scholar]
  20. Inoue, M.
    (2006) Vicarious language: Gender and linguistic modernity in Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Jaffe, A. M.
    (2009) Indeterminacy and regularization: A process based approach to the study of sociolinguistic variation and language ideologies. Sociolinguistic Studies, 3(2), 229–251.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Katsuki-Pestemer, N.
    (2003) Japanese postpositions: Theory and practice. Munchen, Germany: Lincom.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kiesling, S.
    (2009) Style as stance: Can stance be the primary explanation for patterns of sociolinguistic variation?. InA. Jaffe (Ed.) Sociolinguistic perspectives of stance (pp.171–194). Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.003.0008
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.003.0008 [Google Scholar]
  24. Kinsui, S.
    (2003) Vaacharu nihongo yakuwarigo no nazo [Virtual Japanese: The riddle of yakuwarigo]. Tokyo, Japan: Iwanami Shoten.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Maynard, S.
    (1993) Discourse modality: Subjectivity, emotion and voice in the Japanese language. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins.10.1075/pbns.24
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.24 [Google Scholar]
  26. McGloin, N. H.
    (1990) Sex differences and sentence-final particles. In S. Ide & N. H. McGloin (Eds.), Aspects of Japanese women’s language. (pp.23–41). Tokyo, Japan: Kuroshio.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Miller, L.
    (2004) You’re doing burriko!: Censoring/scrutinizing artificers of cute femininity in Japanese. InS. Okamoto & J. S. Shibamoto Smith (Eds.), Japanese language, gender and ideology: Cultural models and real people (pp.148–165). New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Miyazaki, A.
    (2004) Japanese junior high schoolgirls’ and boy’s first-person pronoun use and their social world. In S. Okamoto & J. S. Shibamoto Smith (Eds.), Japanese language, gender and ideology: Cultural models and real people (pp.256–274). New York, New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mizumoto, T.
    (2001) Terebi dorama ni okeru josei kotoba to jendaa firuta-: bunmatsushi (shuujoshi) shiyoo jittai choosai no chuukan hookoku yori [Women’s language in television dramas and the gender filter: from an interim report on actual use of sentence final particles]. Nihongo to jendaa. 5(3). Retrieved fromwww.gender.jp/journal/no5/1usami.html.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Morioka, M.
    (2010) Sooshokukeidanshi no renai gaku [Love lessons for Sooshokukeidanshi]. Tokyo, Japan: Media Factory.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Nakakita, M.
    (2000) Danwa ni okeru daroo · deshoo no sentaku-kijun [Appropriate choices between daroo and deshoo in discourse]. Nihongo Kyooiku, 107, 26–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Nakamura, J.
    (2000)  Shuujoshi ni okeru danseigo to joseigo [Sentence final particles with respect to men’s language and women’s language]. Shinshuu Daigaku Ryuugakusei Sentaa Kiyoo, 1, 1–11.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Nakamura, M.
    (2007) ‘Onna kotoba’ wa tsukurareru [‘Women’s language’ is a construction]. Tokyo: Hitsuji Shobo.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Nin, R.
    (2003)  Shuujoshi kashira ni okeru dan/jo sa no keisei: Kindai shoosetsu ni okeru yoorei choosa o chuushin ni [The formation of male/female difference with respect to the sentence final particle kashira: An analysis focusing on examples from modern novels]. Tsukuba Nihongo Kenkyuu, 8. Tsukuba, Japan: Tsukuba University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Ogi, N.
    (2014) Language and an expression of identities: Japanese sentence-final particles ne and na. Journal of Pragmatics, 64, 72–84.10.1016/j.pragma.2014.02.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.02.001 [Google Scholar]
  36. Okamoto, S.
    (1995) Tasteless Japanese: Less “feminine” speech among young Japanese women. In K. Hall & M. Bucholtz (Eds.), Gender articulated: Language and the socially constructed self. (pp.297–325). New York, New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. (1999) Situated politeness: Manipulating honorific and non-honorific expressions in Japanese conversations. Pragmatics, 9(1), 51–74.10.1075/prag.9.1.05oka
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.9.1.05oka [Google Scholar]
  38. Podesva, R.
    (2007) Phonation type as a stylistic variable: The use of falsetto in constructing a persona. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 11(4), 478–504.10.1111/j.1467‑9841.2007.00334.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9841.2007.00334.x [Google Scholar]
  39. (2011) The California vowel shift and gay identity. American Speech, 86(1), 32–51.10.1215/00031283‑1277501
    https://doi.org/10.1215/00031283-1277501 [Google Scholar]
  40. Sakata, M.
    (1991) The Acquisition of Japanese ‘Gender’ Particles, Language and Communication, 11(3), 117–125.10.1016/0271‑5309(91)90001‑C
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0271-5309(91)90001-C [Google Scholar]
  41. Shibamoto, J.
    1985Japanese women’s language. London, UK: Academic Press, Harcourt, Brace and Janovich.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Silverstein, M.
    (2003) Indexical order and the dialectics of social life. Language and Communication, 23, 193–229.10.1016/S0271‑5309(03)00013‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0271-5309(03)00013-2 [Google Scholar]
  43. Squires, T.
    (1994) A discourse analysis of the Japanese particle sa. Pragmatics, 4(1), 1–29.10.1075/prag.4.1.01squ
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.4.1.01squ [Google Scholar]
  44. SturtzSreetharan, C.
    (2004a) Japanese men’s linguistic stereotypes and realities. In S. Okamoto & J. S. Shibamoto Smith (Eds.), Japanese language, gender and ideology: Cultural models and real people (pp.275–290). New York, New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. SturzSreetharan, C.
    (2004b) Students, sarariiman (pl.), and seniors: Japanese men’s use of ‘manly’ speech register. Language in Society, 33, 81–107.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. SturtzSreetharan, C.
    (2006) Gentlemanly gender? Japanese men’s use of clause-final politeness in casual conversations. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10(1), 70–92.10.1111/j.1360‑6441.2006.00318.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-6441.2006.00318.x [Google Scholar]
  47. Teshigawara, M. , & Kinsui, S.
    (2011) Modern Japanese ‘role language’ (yakuwarigo): Fictionalised orality in Japanese literature and popular culture. Sociolinguistic Studies, 5(1), 37–58.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Ueno, T.
    (1972)  Shyuujoshi to sono shuuhen [Sentence final particles and their surroundings]. Nihongo Kyooiku, 17, 61–77.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Yamada, M.
    (2015) Naze wakamono wa hoshuka shita no ka [Why are young people becoming conservative?]. Tokyo, Japan: Asahi Shimbun.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/japc.00012.kro
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/japc.00012.kro
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error