Volume 33, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0957-6851
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9838
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As a cultural construct, the idol is a consumer product created to “heal” in the age of exhaustion. Layering a “guardian” aspect onto Laura Mulvey’s “male gaze,” this paper contextualizes the commodification and consumption of innocence. This paper brings the documentary, (2017), and the animated film, (1997), into a conversation to theorize how femininity is constructed and commodified in Japan’s pop idol industry. The idol culture consumes innocence only to create more trauma for women by stressing the arbitrary importance of innocence and sacrificing female agency in the process.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): feminism; guardian gaze; idol; Perfect Blue; Tokyo Idols
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