1887
Volume 32, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0957-6851
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9838
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

(ព្រលឹងខ្មែរ, meaning “Khmer Soul” or “Khmer Spirit”), is a culturally salient ideological discourse found in modern Cambodian culture in the homeland and the diaspora. draws on symbols and practices from Cambodia’s 2000-year cultural heritage, linking Khmer history, religion, language, the arts, and socio-political relationships in an essentialized ideology of Khmer culture. Using a genealogical analysis, this article traces the historical development of from earliest times to the present with examples from Cambodia and the diaspora. We argue that through its use, delineates, historicizes, and naturalizes what it means to be Khmer in the homeland and the diaspora.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/japc.00082.nee
2022-08-04
2022-08-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Agha, A.
    (2005) Introduction: Semiosis across Encounters. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 15(1), 1–5. 10.1525/jlin.2005.15.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1525/jlin.2005.15.1.1 [Google Scholar]
  2. Ang, C.
    (1986) Les êtres surnaturels dans la religion populaire khmère. Cedoreck. cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheNandcpsidt=12417650
    [Google Scholar]
  3. (2004) Brah Ling. Reyum Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Ball, S. J.
    (1990) Foucault and Education: Disciplines and Knowledge. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Berg, B. L., and Lune, H.
    (2012) Social Historical Research and Oral Traditions. InB. L. Berg and H. Lune. (Eds.), Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (Eighth edition.). Pearson.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Briggs, L. P.
    (1951) The ancient Khmer Empire. American Philosophical Society. 10.2307/1005620
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1005620 [Google Scholar]
  7. Chandler, D.
    (1984) Normative Poems (Chbap) and Pre-Colonial Cambodian Society. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 15(2), 271–279. 10.1017/S0022463400012510
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022463400012510 [Google Scholar]
  8. (1991) The Tragedy of Cambodian History: Politics, War, and Revolution Since 1945. Yale University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. (1992) A History of Cambodia. Westview Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. (1996a) Folk Memories of the Decline of Angkor in Nineteenth Century Cambodia: The Legend of the Leper King. InFacing The Cambodian Past (pp.3–14). Silkworm Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. (1996b) Going Through the Motions: Ritual Aspects of the Reign of King Duang of Cambodia (1848–1860). InFacing the Cambodian Past (pp.100–118). Silkworm Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. (1996c) Seeing Red: Perceptions of Cambodian History in Democratic Kampuchea. InFacing the Cambodian Past (pp.233–254). Silkworm Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (2008) Songs at the Edge of the Forest: Perceptions of Order in Three Cambodian Texts. InA. Hansen and J. Ledgerwood. (Eds.), At the Edge of the Forest: Essays on Cambodia, History, and Narrative in Honor of David Chandler (pp.31–46). Cornell Southeast Asia Program.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Coedes, G.
    (1963) Angkor: An introduction. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Cravath, P.
    (2008) Earth In Flower: The Divine Mystery of the Cambodian Dance Drama (1 edition). DatASIA, Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Davis, E. W.
    (2015) Deathpower: Buddhism’s Ritual Imagination in Cambodia. Columbia University Press. 10.7312/davi16918
    https://doi.org/10.7312/davi16918 [Google Scholar]
  17. Ebihara, M.
    (1968) Svay: A Khmer village in Cambodia [Ph.D. diss.]. Columbia University.
  18. Ebihara, M., Mortland, C., and Ledgerwood, J.
    (Eds.) (1994) Cambodian Culture Since 1975: Homeland and Exile. Cornell University Press. 10.7591/9781501723858
    https://doi.org/10.7591/9781501723858 [Google Scholar]
  19. Edwards, P.
    (1996) Imaging the Other in Cambodian Nationalist Discourse Before and During the UNTAC Period. InS. Heder and J. Ledgerwood. (Eds.), Propaganda, Politics and Violence in Cambodia: Democratic Transition under United Nations Peace-keeping (pp.50–72). M. E. Sharpe, Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. (2007) Cambodge: The Cultivation of a Nation, 1860–1945. University of Hawaii Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Evans, D., Pottier, C., Fletcher, R., Hensley, S., Tapley, I., Milne, A., and Barbetti, M.
    (2007) A comprehensive archaeological map of the world’s largest preindustrial settlement complex at Angkor, Cambodia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(36), 14277–14282. 10.1073/pnas.0702525104
    https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0702525104 [Google Scholar]
  22. Foucault, M.
    (1989) Archaeology of Knowledge (A. M. S. Smith. Ed.). Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. (1994) Nietzsche, Geneaology, History. InJ. D. Faubian. (Ed.), Aesthetics, Methods and Epistemology: Essentials of Foucault 1954–1984Vol. 2 (pp.369–392). Penguin Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Gaudes, R.
    (1993) Kauṇḍinya, Preah Thaong, and the “Nāgī Somā”: Some Aspects of a Cambodian Legend. Asian Folklore Studies, 2, 333–358. 10.2307/1178160
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1178160 [Google Scholar]
  25. Hansen, A. R.
    (2004) Khmer Identity and Theravada Buddhism. InJ. Marston and E. Guthrie. (Eds.), History, Buddhism, and New Religious Movements in Cambodia (pp.40–62). University of Hawaii Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. (2007) How to Behave: Buddhism and Modernity in Colonial Cambodia, 1860–1930. University of Hawaii Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hardy, N.
    (2010) Foucault, Geneaology, Emergence: Re-Examining the Extra-Discursive. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 42(1), 68–91. 10.1111/j.1468‑5914.2010.00446.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.2010.00446.x [Google Scholar]
  28. Harris, I.
    (2008) Cambodian Buddhism: History and Practice. University of Hawaii Press. 10.1515/9780824861766
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9780824861766 [Google Scholar]
  29. Headley, R. K.
    (1977) Cambodian-English Dictionary, Volumes I and II. The Catholic University of America Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Higham, C.
    (2001) The Civilization of Angkor. University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Irvine, J.
    (2005) Commentary: Knots and Tears in the Interdiscursive Fabric. Journal of Lingistic Anthropology, 15(1), 72–80. 10.1525/jlin.2005.15.1.72
    https://doi.org/10.1525/jlin.2005.15.1.72 [Google Scholar]
  32. Jacob, J.
    (1986) The Deliberate Use of Foreign Vocabulary by the Khmer: Changing Fashions, Methods, and Sources. InM. Hobart and Taylor, Robert H. (Eds.), Contet, Meaning, and Poer in Southeast Asia (pp.115–130). Cornell Southeast Asian Program.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Jacques, C.
    (1999) Angkor. Konemann Verlagsgesellschaft.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Keyes, C.
    (1995) The Golden Peninsula: Culture and Adaptation in Mainland Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press. 10.1515/9780824840686
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9780824840686 [Google Scholar]
  35. Kiernan, B.
    (1985) How Pol Pot Came to Power: A History of Communism in Kampuchea, 1930–1975. Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Leclère, A.
    (1914) Histoire du Cambodge. Libraire Paul Geuthner.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Ledgerwood, J.
    (1994) Gender Symbolism and Culture Change: Viewing the Virtuous Woman in the Khmer Story “Mea Yoeng.”InM. Ebihara, C. Mortland, and J. Ledgerwood. (Eds.), Cambodian Culture Since 1975: Homeland and Exile (pp.119–128). Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. (2008) Ritual in 1990 Cambodian Political Theatre: New Songs at the Edge of the Forest. InA. Hansen and J. Ledgerwood. (Eds.), At the Edge of the Forest: Essays on Cambodia, History, and Narrative in Honor of David Chandler (pp.195–220). Cornell Southeast Asia Program.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Levine, P.
    (2010) Love and Dread in Cambodia: Weddings, Births, and Ritual Harm under the Khmer Rouge. National University of Singapore. 10.2307/j.ctv1nth89
    https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv1nth89 [Google Scholar]
  40. Ly, Daravuth and Ingrid Muan
    (2001) Cultures of Independence: An introduction to Cambodian Ars and Culture in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Reyum Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Mabbett, I., and Chandler, D.
    (1996) The Khmers. Wiley.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Marston, J.
    (1994) Metaphors of the Khmer Rouge. InM. Ebihara, C. Mortland, and J. Ledgerwood. (Eds.), Cambodian Culture Since 1975: Homeland and Exile (pp.105–118). Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Needham, S.
    (2001) “How can you be Cambodian if you don’t speak Khmer?” Language, Literacy, and Education in a Cambodian “Rhetoric of Distinction.”InSelected Papers on Refugees and Immigrants: Vol.IX (pp.123–141). American Anthropological Association, Committee on Refugee and Immigrant Issues.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Needham, S., and Quintiliani, K.
    (2007) Cambodians in Long Beach, California: The Making of a Community. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 5(1), 29–53. 10.1300/J500v05n01_03
    https://doi.org/10.1300/J500v05n01_03 [Google Scholar]
  45. Needham, S., Quintiliani, K., and Lemkin, R.
    (2015) The Space of Sorrow: a historic video dialogue between survivors and perpetrators of the Cambodian killing fields. The International Journal of Human Rights, Volume19, Issue5, pp.628–647. 10.1080/13642987.2015.1051328
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2015.1051328 [Google Scholar]
  46. Phim, T. S., and Thompson, A.
    (1999) Dance in Cambodia. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Porée-Maspero, E.
    (1962) Étude sur les Rites Agraires des Cambodgiens (Vol.1–3). Mouton and Co.. 10.1515/9783111535142
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111535142 [Google Scholar]
  48. Quintiliani, K., and Needham, S.
    (2014) Three Decades of Cambodian American Political Activism in Long Beach, California. InY. W. Chan, D. Haines, and J. H. X. Lee. (Eds.), The Age of Asian Migration: Continuity, Diversity, and Susceptibility (Vol.1, pp.268–28). Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Sam, Y.
    (1987) Khmer Buddhism and Politics from 1954 to 1984. Khmer Studies Institute.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. (1990) Buddhism in Cambodia, 1795–1954 [M.A. Thesis]. Cornell University.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Sarin, S.
    (1970, December). The Khmers and their Independence Monument. New Cambodge, 1(8).
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Shapiro, T.
    (1994) Dance and the spirit of Cambodia (Publication No. 9501402) [Doctoral Dissertation, Cornell University]. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
  53. Sihanouk, K. N.
    (2005) Shadow Over Angkor. Volume One: Memoirs of His Majesty King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia. From original transcript of “The Cup to the Dregs”, edited, introduced and with new material. Import from Cambodia. (A. J. A. Jeldres. Trans.). Monument Books, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Silverstein, M.
    (1979) Language Structure and Linguistic Ideology. InP. R. Clyne, W. F. Hanks, and C. L. Hofbauer. (Eds.), The Elements: A Parasession on Linguistic Units and Levels (pp.193–247). Chicago Linguistic Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. (2005) Axes of Evals: Token versus Type Interdiscursivity. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 15(1), 6–22. 10.1525/jlin.2005.15.1.6
    https://doi.org/10.1525/jlin.2005.15.1.6 [Google Scholar]
  56. Smith, R. M.
    (1967) Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia. Asian Survey, 7(6), 353–362. 10.2307/2642610
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2642610 [Google Scholar]
  57. Thompson, A.
    (2005) Calling the Souls: A Cambodian Ritual Text. Reyum Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Unaldi, S.
    (2008) Reconstructing Angkor: Imagese of the Past and Their Impact on Thai-Cambodian Relations. Südostasien Working Papers No. 33.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Vickery, M.
    (1984) Cambodia: 1975–1982. Koon Way Printing Pte Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. (1990) Cultural Survival in Cambodian Language and Literature. Cultural Survival Quarterly, 14(3), 49–52.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. (1998) Society, economics, and politics in pre-Angkor Cambodia: The 7th–8th centuries. The Centre for East Asian Cultural Studies for UNESCO, The Toyo Bunko.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Woolard, K.
    (1998) Introduction: Language Ideology as a Field of Inquiry. InB. Schieffelin, K. Woolard, and P. Kroskrity. (Eds.), Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory (pp.3–47). Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/japc.00082.nee
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error