1887
Volume 32, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0957-6851
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9838
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The study explores the intersections of gender and ethnicity as a point of inquiry in the emerging roles of Meranao women who work in the field of leadership. Drawing on qualitative interviews with seven Meranao women leaders in Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur, in The Philippines, this paper examines the multilayered issues and challenges these women face in their roles as leaders, as they leap into higher decision-making positions. I articulate the ideologies that shape their leadership experiences and their performative repertoires, and examine the ways in which they are able to perform their leadership roles given their opportunities and constraints. Finally, the study describes the agentic pathways the women traverse to effect leadership in Meranao politics and socio political development. Results show that intersectional approaches to investigating leadership, taking into account interconnected and overlapping factors of gender and ethnicity, can not only reveal the issues and challenges women leaders face, but also the individual agencies and strategies they use to overcome such constraints. The intersectionality approach challenges essentialist framings of leadership, and emphasizes an individual’s social location, as reflected in the intersecting identities of these Meranao women. This intersectionality, as I reveal, allows for the emergence of a negotiated form of leadership among women, which requires a delicate balance between meeting social expectations as women and fulfilling roles as leaders.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/japc.00088.gen
2022-08-04
2022-08-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abele, A. E., & Wojciszke, B.
    (2014) Communal and Agentic Content in Social Cognition. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 195–255. 10.1016/B978‑0‑12‑800284‑1.00004‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800284-1.00004-7 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bloom, C., Earlandson, D.
    (2003) African American Women Principals in Urban Schools: Realities, (Re)constructions, and Resolutions. Lume31, Issue3. 10.1177/0013161X03253413. Retrieved fromhttps://journals.sagepub.com
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0013161X03253413 [Google Scholar]
  3. Brescoll, V. L., & Uhlmann, E. L.
    (2008) Can an Angry Woman Get Ahead?Psychological Science, 19(3), 268–275. 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2008.02079.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02079.x [Google Scholar]
  4. Carrier, A., Louvet, E., Chauvin, B., and Rohmer, O.
    (2014) The primacy of agency over competence in status perception. Social Psychology, 45(5), 347–356. 10.1027/1864‑9335/a000176
    https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000176 [Google Scholar]
  5. Chin, J. L.
    (2011) Women and leadership: Transforming visions and current contexts. Forum on Public Policy. Retrieved fromforumonpublicpolicy.com
  6. Chin, J. L., and Sanchez-Hucles, J.
    (2007) Diversity and leadership. American Psychologist, 62, 608–609. 10.1037/0003‑066X62.6.608
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X62.6.608 [Google Scholar]
  7. Dill, Bonnie Thornton
    (2002) “Work at the Intersections of Race, Gender, Ethnicity, and Other Dimensions of Difference in Higher Education.” Connections: Newsletter of the Consortium on Race, Gender, and Ethnicity (Fall): 5–7. Retrieved fromwww.crge.umd.edu/publications/news.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Eagly, A., and Karau, S. J.
    (2002) Role Congruity Theory of Prejudice Toward Female Leaders. Psychological Review, Vol.109, No.3, 573–598. . Retrieved fromhttps://www.rci.rutgers.edu. 10.1037/0033‑295X.109.3.573
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.109.3.573 [Google Scholar]
  9. Eagly, A. H. and Carli, L. L.
    (2007) Women and the Labyrinth of Leadership. Harvard Business Review, 85, 62–71.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Emmerik, H., Wendt, H., and Euwema, M.
    (2010) Gender ratio, societal culture, and male and female leadership. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. Retrieved fromhttps://www.bpsjournals.co.uk
  11. Fitzgerald, T.
    (2003) Interrogating orthodox voices: gender, ethnicity and educational leadership. School Leadership & Management, 23(4), 431–444. 10.1080/1363243032000150962
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1363243032000150962 [Google Scholar]
  12. Ghosh, H. A.
    (2015) Contesting feminisms: Gender and Islam in Asia. State University of New York Press. RetrievedDecember 5, 2016, fromhttps://books.google.com.ph
  13. Hega, M.
    (2003) Participation of women in Philippine politics: A situationer. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Philippines. Retrieved fromlibrary.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/philippinen/50067.pdf
  14. Heilman, M. E., & Caleo, S.
    (2018) Combatting gender discrimination: A lack of fit framework. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 21(5), 725–744. 10.1177/1368430218761587
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430218761587 [Google Scholar]
  15. History of Lanao del Sur
    History of Lanao del Sur (2017) Province of Lanao del Sur. Retrieved fromhttps://lanaodelsur.gov.ph/about/history/
  16. Jost, J. T., & Banaji, M. R.
    (1994) The role of stereotyping in system-justification and the production of false consciousness. British Journal of Social Psychology, 33(1), 1–27. 10.1111/j.2044‑8309.1994.tb01008
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8309.1994.tb01008 [Google Scholar]
  17. Kandiyoti, D.
    (1999) Poverty in Transition: An Ethnographic Critique of Household Surveys in Post-Soviet Central Asia. Development and Change, 30(3), 499–524. 10.1111/1467‑7660.00127
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7660.00127 [Google Scholar]
  18. Lacar, C. S.
    (1996) Marina Muslim women educational administrators: An initial study of the emerging Muslim women in the Philippines (dissertation). Paper 1723. Retrieved fromscholarworks.wmich.edu
  19. Macaagir, T.
    (1991) Perception of Maranaw Women of their Role in Society. Unpublished Masteral Thesis. Quezon City, Philippines. Institute of Islamic Studies, University of the Philippines Diliman.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Nolasco, L.
    (2004) The Traditional Maranaw Governance System: Descriptives, Issues, and Imperatives for Philippine Public Administration. Philippine Journal of Public Administration. Vol48. Retrieved fromhttps://www.scribd.com
  21. Okin, S. M.
    (1999) Is Multiculturalism Bad For Women? (J. Cohen, M. Howard, & M. C. Nussbaum, Eds.). Princeton University Press. Http://Www.Jstor.Org/Stable/J.Ctt7sxzs
  22. Ospina, S., and Foldy, E.
    (2009) A critical review of race and ethnicity in the leadership literature: Surfacing context, power, and the collective dimensions of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 876–896. 10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.09.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.09.005 [Google Scholar]
  23. Population and Settlements
    Population and Settlements (2017) Provincial government of Lanao del Norte. Retrieved fromhttps://lanaodelnorte.gov.ph/population-and-settlements/
  24. Pyke, K. D., and Johnson, D. L.
    (2003) Asian American women and racialized femininities: “Doing” gender across cultural worlds. Gender and Society, 17(1), 33–53. 10.1177/0891243202238977
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0891243202238977 [Google Scholar]
  25. Rosette, A. S., Koval, C. Z., Ma, A., & Livingston, R.
    (2016) Race matters for women leaders: Intersectional effects on agentic deficiencies and penalties. The Leadership Quarterly, 27(3), 429–445. 10.1016/j.leaqua.2016.01.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2016.01.008 [Google Scholar]
  26. Rudman, L. A., & Phelan, J. E.
    (2008) Backlash effects for disconfirming gender stereotypes in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 28, 61–79. 10.1016/j.riob.2008.04.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.riob.2008.04.003 [Google Scholar]
  27. Rudman, L.,
    (2012) Status incongruity and backlash effects: Defending the gender hierarchy motivates prejudice against female leaders. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 48, 165–179. 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.10.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.10.008 [Google Scholar]
  28. Scott, K. A., & Brown, D. J.
    (2006) Female first, leader second? Gender bias in the encoding of leadership behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 101(2), 230–242. 10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.06.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.06.002 [Google Scholar]
  29. Shields, S. A.
    (2008) Gender: An Intersectionality Perspective. Sex Roles, 59(5–6), 301–311. 10.1007/s11199‑008‑9501‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9501-8 [Google Scholar]
  30. Sidanius, J., & Pratto, F.
    (1999) Social dominance: An intergroup theory of social hierarchy and oppression. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139175043
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139175043 [Google Scholar]
  31. Snaebjornsson, I., Edvardsson, V., Zydziunaite, V., and Vaiman, V.
    (2015) Cross-cultural leadership: Expectations on gendered leader’s behavior. 10.1177/2158244015579727
    https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015579727 [Google Scholar]
  32. Stanley, T. D.
    (2009) Publication Selection Bias in Minimum-Wage Research? A Meta-Regression Analysis. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 47 (2). 10.1111/j.1467‑8543.2009.0072
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8543.2009.0072 [Google Scholar]
  33. Vera Files
    Vera Files (2012, July10). ARMM Watch: Lanao del Sur. https://verafiles.org/articles/armm-watch-lanao-del-surPopulation and Settlements (2017) Province of Lanao Del Norte. Retrieved fromhttps://lanaodelnorte.gov.ph/
  34. Walker, D., & Lambert, L.
    (1995) Learning and leading theory: A century in the making. InL. Lambert , The constructivist leader (pp.1–27). New York: Teachers College Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/japc.00088.gen
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): gender; intersectionality; leadership; Meranao women; women leaders
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error