1887
Asian Perspectives on English as a Lingua Franca and Identity
  • ISSN 0957-6851
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9838
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study investigated how the experience of a multilingual and multimodal English as a lingua franca (ELF) online intercultural exchange (OIE) influenced Taiwanese university students’ linguistic identities. Data was drawn from 26 Taiwanese students who had 10 weekly one-hour video live-chats with 18 Japanese students in 2 semesters. Taiwanese participants were interviewed on their language use and issues related to identities before, during, and after the exchange. Students’ language use patterns in the OIE and reflections on the OIE were also analyzed. Interviews revealed that the multilingual ELF experience had a liberating and empowering effect for students’ English use. In multimodal communication, they felt more comfortable using English together with other languages, evidenced by increasing productions of code-mixing utterances in later weeks. However, the anxiety of using Japanese with a native Japanese speaker still persisted. In particular, the native-speaker (NS)–nonnative-speaker (NNS) interactions constrained them to pay more attention to form and accuracy, which positioned both Taiwanese and Japanese students as either native speakers or deficient nonnative language learners.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/japc.26.2.06ke
2016-08-11
2019-12-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Baker, W
    (2009) The cultures of English as a lingua franca. TESOL Quarterly, 43(4), 567–592. doi: 10.1002/j.1545‑7249.2009.tb00187.x
    https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1545-7249.2009.tb00187.x [Google Scholar]
  2. Belz, J
    (2002) Social dimensions of telecollaborative foreign language study. Language Learning & Technology, 6(1), 60–81.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bokhorst-Heng, W. , Alsagoff, L. , McKay, S. , & Rubdy, R
    (2007) English language ownership among Singaporean Malays: Going beyond the NS/NNS dichotomy. World Englishes, 26(4), 424–455. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑971X.2007.00521.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-971X.2007.00521.x [Google Scholar]
  4. Block, D
    (2007) Second language identities. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Blommaert, J
    (2010) The sociolinguistics of globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511845307
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511845307 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bulcholtz, M. , & Hall, K
    (2010) Locating identity in language. In Carmen Llamas and Dominic Watt (Eds.), Language and identities (pp.18–28). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Canagarajah, S
    (2013) Translingual practice: Global Englishes and cosmopolitan relations. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Corbin, J. , & Strauss, A
    (1990) Grounded theory research: Procedures, canons, and evaluative criteria. Qualitative Sociology, 13(1), 1–21. doi: 10.1007/BF00988593
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00988593 [Google Scholar]
  9. Csizer, K. , & Kontra, E
    (2012) ELF, ESP, ENL and their effect on students’ aims and beliefs: A structural equation model. System, 40(1), 1–10. doi: 10.1016/j.system.2012.01.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2012.01.002 [Google Scholar]
  10. Dornyei, Z. , & Ushioda, E
    (Eds.) (2009) Motivation, language identity and the L2 self. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Duff, P
    (2010) Language socialization. In N. Hornberger & S. McKay (Eds.), Sociolinguistics and language education (pp.427–452). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fedderholdt, K
    (2001) An email exchange project between non-native speakers of English. ELT Journal, 55(3), 273–280. doi: 10.1093/elt/55.3.273
    https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/55.3.273 [Google Scholar]
  13. Foley, J
    (2007) English as a global language: My two Satangs’ worth. RELC Journal, 38(1), 7–17. doi: 10.1177/0033688206076155
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0033688206076155 [Google Scholar]
  14. Garcia, O. , & Li, W
    (2014) Translanguaging: Language, bilingualism, and education. London, UK: Palgrave MacMillian.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gu, M.M. , Patkin, J. , & Kirkpatrick, A
    (2014) The dynamic identity construction in English as lingua franca intercultural communication: A positioning perspective. System, 46, 131–142. doi: 10.1016/j.system.2014.07.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2014.07.010 [Google Scholar]
  16. Hymes, D
    (1972) Models of the interaction of language and social life. In J. Gumperz & D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication (pp.35–71). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jenkins, J
    (2007) English as a lingua franca: Attitude and identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jenks, C
    (2009) Getting acquainted in Skypecasts: Aspects of social organization in online chat rooms. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 19(1), 26–46. doi: 10.1111/j.1473‑4192.2009.00211.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-4192.2009.00211.x [Google Scholar]
  19. Ke, I
    (2010) Globalization and global English: Panacea or poison for ELT in Taiwan?Taiwan Journal of TESOL, 7(1), 1–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Ke, I. , & Cahyani, H
    (2014) Learning to become users of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF): How ELF online communication affects Taiwanese learners’ beliefs of English. System, 46, 28–38. doi: 10.1016/j.system.2014.07.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2014.07.008 [Google Scholar]
  21. Ke, I. , & Suzuki, T
    (2011) Teaching Global English with NNS-NNS online communication. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 8(2), 109–130.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lantolf, J.P
    (Ed.) (2000) Sociocultural theory and second language learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Matsuda, A
    (2003) The ownership of English in Japanese secondary schools. World Englishes, 22(4), 483–496. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑971X.2003.00314.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-971X.2003.00314.x [Google Scholar]
  24. Murray, G. , Gao, X. , & Lamb, T
    (Eds.) (2011) Identity, motivation and autonomy in language learning. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Nguyen, H. , & Kellogg, G
    (2005) Emergent identities in on-line discussions for second language learning. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 62(1), 111–136. doi: 10.3138/cmlr.62.1.111
    https://doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.62.1.111 [Google Scholar]
  26. Norton, B
    (2000) Identity and language learning. London: Pearson.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Norton, B. , & Toohey, K
    (Eds.) (2004) Critical pedagogies and language learning. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139524834
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524834 [Google Scholar]
  28. Nunan, D. , & Choi, J
    (Eds.) (2010) Language and culture: Reflective narratives and the emergence of identity. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. O’dowd, R
    (2007) Foreign language education and the rise of online communication: A review of promises and realities. In R. O’dowd (Ed.), Online intercultural exchange: An introduction for foreign language teachers (pp. 17–36). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Pan, L. , & Block, D
    (2011) English as a “global language” in China: An investigation into learners’ and teachers’ language beliefs. System, 39(3), 391–402. doi: 10.1016/j.system.2011.07.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2011.07.011 [Google Scholar]
  31. Pavlenko, A. , & Norton, B
    (2007) Imagined communities, identity, and English language learning. In J. Cummins & C. Davison (Eds.), International handbook of English language teaching (pp.669–680). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978‑0‑387‑46301‑8_43
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_43 [Google Scholar]
  32. Phan, L.H
    (2009) English as an international language: International student and identity formation. Language and Intercultural Communication, 9(3), 201–214. doi: 10.1080/14708470902748855
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14708470902748855 [Google Scholar]
  33. Prieto-Arranz, J. , Juan-Garau, M. , & Jacob, K
    (2013) Re-imagining cultural identity: transcultural and translingual communication in virtual third-space environments. Language, Culture, and Curriculum, 26(1), 19–35. doi: 10.1080/07908318.2012.759585
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07908318.2012.759585 [Google Scholar]
  34. Risager, K
    (2007) Language and culture pedagogy: From a national to a transnational paradigm. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Rymes, B
    (2014) Communicating beyond language: Everyday encounters with diversity. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Sato, S
    (2009) Communication as an intersubjective and collaborative activity: When the native/non-native speaker’s identity appears in computer-mediated communication. In N.M. Doerr (Ed.), The native speaker concept (pp.277–294). Berlin: Mouton de Grutyer.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Seilhamer, M.F
    (2015) The ownership of English in Taiwan. World Englishes, 34(3), 370–388. doi: 10.1111/weng.12147
    https://doi.org/10.1111/weng.12147 [Google Scholar]
  38. Stake, R
    (1995) The art of case study research. New York: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sung, C.C.M
    (2014a) Hong Kong university students’ perceptions of their identities in English as a Lingua Franca contexts. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 24(1), 94–112. doi: 10.1075/japc.24.1.06sun
    https://doi.org/10.1075/japc.24.1.06sun [Google Scholar]
  40. (2014b) English as a lingua franca and global identities: Perspectives from four second language learners of English in Hong Kong. Linguistics and Education, 26, 31–39. doi: 10.1016/j.linged.2014.01.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2014.01.010 [Google Scholar]
  41. Thorne, S. , & Black, R
    (2011) Identity and interaction in internet-mediated contexts. In C. Higgins (Ed.), Identity formation in globalizing contexts: Language learning in the new millennium (pp.257–278). Berlin: Mouton de Grutyer.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Timmis, I
    (2002) Native-speaker norms and international English: A classroom view. ELT Journal, 56(3), 240–249. doi: 10.1093/elt/56.3.240
    https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/56.3.240 [Google Scholar]
  43. Virkkula, T. , & Nikula, T
    (2010) Identity construction in ELF context: A case study of Finnish engineering students working in Germany. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 20(2), 251–273. doi: 10.1111/j.1473‑4192.2009.00248.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-4192.2009.00248.x [Google Scholar]
  44. Widdowson, H.G
    (1994) The ownership of English. TESOL Quarterly, 28(2), 377–388. doi: 10.2307/3587438
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3587438 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/japc.26.2.06ke
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error