image of Visual perception verbs in Old Anatolian Turkish



This study aims at describing the verbs of the visual sensory domain in Old Anatolian Turkish (), including basic and compound verb forms. We shall specifically focus on intra-field and trans-field meaning extensions of visual perception verbs such as , and . Our findings are based on a corpus consisting of 11 texts both in prose and poetry from the 13th to 15th centuries. There are mainly two types of verbs that conceptualise mental and emotive states through visual perception: one pertains to idiomatic expressions with ‘eye’, such as (eye- open), (eye- fall), and - (eye hold). The second form includes basic verbs including (to look at), (to see), - (to look at) and - (to appear). We shall show that visual perception constitutes a rich source for expressing emotive states, and the use of vision verbs for the expression of emotions is as productive as it is for mental states. Similar to Sweetser’s metaphor, we suggest that . The domain of visual perception in texts displays a strong connection to intellection; however, there is no evidence in our data indicating that the verbs and have meaning extension to ‘to know’. The phenomenon-based verbs and have mainly two meaning extensions: one is related to physical existence, as in ‘occur’ and ‘appear’ in English. When these verbs co-occur with nouns and adjectives, they reflect the speakers’ judgements and beliefs by means of a metaphor.

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