1887
Volume 10, Issue 3
  • ISSN 2210-2116
  • E-ISSN: 2210-2124
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This contribution reviews a series of studies by Kelly (and Bock), suggesting that stress preferences of English nouns and verbs for left-hand and right-hand stress patterns are partly a result of alternating rhythm in real utterances. This claim is tested on diachronic corpus data to verify its historical implications. By using verse evidence to calibrate stress values for historical word classes, the quantitative analysis confirms that distributional asymmetries regarding strong and weak syllables in the contexts of nouns and verbs have existed at least since Late Middle English. In addition, the claim that stem-final segments predict the likelihood of right-hand stress is not only confirmed but the effect is found to be independent of etymological origin.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.19030.hof
2020-12-08
2021-02-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Arciuli, Joanne & Linda Cupples
    2003 Effects of Stress Typicality during Speeded Grammatical Classification. Language and Speech46:4.353–374. 10.1177/00238309030460040101
    https://doi.org/10.1177/00238309030460040101 [Google Scholar]
  2. 2006 The Processing of Lexical Stress during Visual Word Recognition: Typicality Effects and Orthographic Correlates. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology59:5.920–948. 10.1080/02724980443000782
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02724980443000782 [Google Scholar]
  3. Baayen, R. Harald
    2008Analyzing Linguistic Data: A Practical Introduction to Statistics Using R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511801686
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511801686 [Google Scholar]
  4. Berg, Thomas
    2000 The Position of Adjectives on the Noun–Verb Continuum. English Language and Linguistics4:2.269–293. 10.1017/S1360674300000253
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1360674300000253 [Google Scholar]
  5. Black, Maria & Shula Chiat
    2003 Noun–Verb Dissociations: A Multi-Faceted Phenomenon. Journal of Neurolinguistics16.231–250. 10.1016/S0911‑6044(02)00017‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0911-6044(02)00017-9 [Google Scholar]
  6. Burzio, Luigi
    1994Principles of English Stress. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511519741
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511519741 [Google Scholar]
  7. Bybee, Joan & Paul Hopper
    2001Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.45
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.45 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bybee, Joan
    2006 From Usage to Grammar. The Mind’s Response to Repetition. Language82.711–733. 10.1353/lan.2006.0186
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2006.0186 [Google Scholar]
  9. 2010Language, Cognition, and Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511750526
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511750526 [Google Scholar]
  10. Baayen, R. Harald , Richard Piepenbrock & Léon Gulikers
    2001WebCelex. Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics. celex.mpi.nl (15 Nov 2019).
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Chomsky, Noam & Morris Halle
    1968The Sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper and Row.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Cooper, William & Stephen Eady
    1986 Metrical Phonology in Speech Production. Journal of Memory and Language25.369–384. 10.1016/0749‑596X(86)90007‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(86)90007-0 [Google Scholar]
  13. Croft, William
    2000Explaining Language Change: An Evolutionary Approach. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Denison, David
    1985 The Origins of Completive up in English. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen86.37–61.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Dobson, Eric John
    1957English Pronunciation 1400–1600. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Dresher, B. Elan & Aditi Lahiri
    2005 Main Stress Left in Early Middle English. Historical Linguistics 2003: Selected Papers from the 16th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Copenhagen, 11–15 August 2003ed. by Michael Fortescue , Eva S. Jensen , Jens E. Mogensen & Lene Schøsler , 75–85. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/cilt.257.07dre
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.257.07dre [Google Scholar]
  17. Fischer, Olga
    1992Syntax. The Cambridge History of the English Language. Vol. II: 1066–1476ed. by Norman Blake , 207–408. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CHOL9780521264754
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264754 [Google Scholar]
  18. Fullwood, Michelle
    2014 Asymmetric Correlations between English Verb Transitivity and Stress. Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society40.125–138. 10.3765/bls.v40i0.3136
    https://doi.org/10.3765/bls.v40i0.3136 [Google Scholar]
  19. Goldberg, Adele
    2006Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalizations in Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Gries, Stefan
    2009Statistics for Linguistics with R: A Practical Introduction. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110216042
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110216042 [Google Scholar]
  21. Guion, Susan G. , J. J. Clark , Tetsuo Harada & Ratree P. Wayland
    2003 Factors Affecting Stress Placement for English Nonwords Include Syllabic Structure, Lexical Class, and Stress Patterns of Phonologically Similar Words. Language and Speech46.403–426. 10.1177/00238309030460040301
    https://doi.org/10.1177/00238309030460040301 [Google Scholar]
  22. Halle, Morris
    1998 The Stress of English Words 1968–1998. Linguistic Inquiry29:4.539–568. 10.1162/002438998553879
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438998553879 [Google Scholar]
  23. Halle, Morris & Samuel J. Keyser
    1971English Stress: Its Form, its Growth, and its Role in Verse. New York: Harper and Row.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Hayes, Bruce
    1982 Extrametricality and English Stress. Linguistic Inquiry13:2.227–276.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 1988 Metrics and Phonological Theory. Linguistics: The Cambridge Surveyed. by Frederick Newmeyer , 220–249. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511621055.013
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511621055.013 [Google Scholar]
  26. Hilpert, Martin
    2013Constructional Change in English: Developments in Allomorphy, Word Formation, and Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139004206
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139004206 [Google Scholar]
  27. Hogg, Richard
    1992 Phonology and Morphology. The Cambridge History of the English Language. Vol. I: The Beginnings to 1066ed. by Richard Hogg , 67–167. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CHOL9780521264747
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264747 [Google Scholar]
  28. Hutton, John
    1998 Stress in Old English, giet ongean . Linguistics36:5.847–885. 10.1515/ling.1998.36.5.847
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.1998.36.5.847 [Google Scholar]
  29. Kastovsky, Dieter
    1992 Semantics and Vocabulary. The Cambridge History of the English Language. Vol. I: The Beginnings to 1066ed. by Richard Hogg , 290–408. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CHOL9780521264747
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264747 [Google Scholar]
  30. Kelly, Michael H.
    1988 Rhythmic Alternation and Lexical Stress Differences in English. Cognition30:2.107–137. 10.1016/0010‑0277(88)90037‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0277(88)90037-6 [Google Scholar]
  31. 1989 Rhythm and Language Change in English. Journal of Memory and Language28:6.690–710. 10.1016/0749‑596X(89)90004‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(89)90004-1 [Google Scholar]
  32. 1996 The Role of Phonology in Grammatical Category Assignments. Signal to Syntax: Bootstrapping from Speech to Grammar in Early Acquisitioned. by James L. Morgan & Katherine Demuth , 249–262. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Kelly, Michael H. & J. Kathryn Bock
    1988 Stress in Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology14:3.389–403.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Kiparsky, Paul
    1977 The Rhythmic Structure of English Verse. Linguistic Inquiry8.189–247.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. 1982 From Cyclic Phonology to Lexical Phonology. The Structure of Phonological Representations. Part 1ed. by Harry van der Hulst & Norval Smith , 131–176. Dordrecht & Cinnaminson: Foris.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. 1997 Remarks on Denominal Verbs. Complex Predicatesed. by Alex Alsina , 473–500. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Lahiri, Aditi , Thomas Riad & Haike Jacobs
    1999 Diachronic Prosody. Word Prosodic Systems in the Languages of Europeed. by Harry van der Hulst , 335–422. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Laing, Margaret
    2009 Orthographic Indications of Weakness in Early Middle English. Phonological Weakness in English: From Old to Present-Day Englished. by Donka Minkova , 237–315. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave. 10.1007/978‑0‑230‑29686‑2_11
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-230-29686-2_11 [Google Scholar]
  39. Lass, Roger
    1992 Phonology and Morphology. The Cambridge History of the English Language. Vol. II: 1066–1476ed. by Norman Blake , 23–155. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CHOL9780521264754
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264754 [Google Scholar]
  40. 2000 Phonology and Morphology. The Cambridge History of the English Language. Vol. III: 1476–1776ed. by Roger Lass , 56–186. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CHOL9780521264761.004
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264761.004 [Google Scholar]
  41. Liberman, Mark & Alan Prince
    1977 On Stress and Linguistic Rhythm. Linguistic Inquiry8:2.249–336.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. McCully, Christopher B.
    1997 Stress, Survival and Change: Old to Middle English. Studies in Middle English Linguisticsed. by Jacek Fisiak , 283–300. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110814194.283
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110814194.283 [Google Scholar]
  43. 2002 Exaptation and English Stress. Language Sciences24:3/4.323–344. 10.1016/S0388‑0001(01)00036‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0388-0001(01)00036-5 [Google Scholar]
  44. McCully, Christopher B. & Richard Hogg
    1990 An Account of Old English Stress. Journal of Linguistics26.315–339. 10.1017/S0022226700014699
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226700014699 [Google Scholar]
  45. Minkova, Donka
    1991The History of Final Vowels in English: The Sound of Muting. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110889512
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110889512 [Google Scholar]
  46. 1996 Nonprimary Stress in Early Middle English Accentual-Syllabic Verse. English Historical Metricsed. by Christopher B. McCully & John J. Anderson , 95–119. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. 1997 Constraint Ranking in Middle English Stress-Shifting. English Language and Linguistics1.135–175. 10.1017/S1360674300000393
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1360674300000393 [Google Scholar]
  48. 2008a Prefixation and Stress in Old English. Word Structure1:21–52. 10.3366/E1750124508000056
    https://doi.org/10.3366/E1750124508000056 [Google Scholar]
  49. 2008b Continuity or Re-Invention in Functional Stress-Shifting. Paper Presented at the15th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics (ICEHL 15), University of Munich, 24–30 Aug. 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. 2009 Inflectional Syncope vs. Epenthesis: Notes on the History of the Weak Preterite in English. Phonological Weakness in English: From Old to Present-Day Englished. by Donka Minkova , 316–346. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1007/978‑0‑230‑29686‑2_12
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-230-29686-2_12 [Google Scholar]
  51. 2014A Historical Phonology of English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Monaghan, Padraic & Morten H. Christiansen
    2008 Integration of Multiple Probabilistic Cues in Syntax Acquisition. Corpora in Language Acquisition Research: History, methods, perspectivesed. by Heike Behrens , 139–163. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tilar.6.08mon
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tilar.6.08mon [Google Scholar]
  53. Mossé, Fernand
    1991 [1952]Handbook of Middle English. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Patel, Aniruddh
    2008Music, Language, and the Brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. PPCEME = Anthony Kroch, Beatrice Santorini & Lauren Delfs
    PPCEME = Anthony Kroch, Beatrice Santorini & Lauren Delfs 2004Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early Modern English. Manual online: https://www.ling.upenn.edu/hist-corpora/PPCEME-RELEASE-3/index.html (15 Nov 2019).
    [Google Scholar]
  56. PPCMBE = Anthony Kroch, Beatrice Santorini & Ariel Diertani
    PPCMBE = Anthony Kroch, Beatrice Santorini & Ariel Diertani 2010Penn Parsed Corpus of Modern British English, 1st edition. Manual online: https://www.ling.upenn.edu/hist-corpora/PPCMBE2-RELEASE-1/index.html (15 Nov 2019).
    [Google Scholar]
  57. PPCME2 = Anthony Kroch, Ann Taylor & Beatrice Santorini
    PPCME2 = Anthony Kroch, Ann Taylor & Beatrice Santorini 2000Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English. 2nd ed.Manual online: https://www.ling.upenn.edu/hist-corpora/PPCME2-RELEASE-4/index.html (15 Nov 2019).
    [Google Scholar]
  58. R Development Core Team
    R Development Core Team 2016R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Ross, John R.
    1973 Leftward, Ho! A Festschrift for Morris Halle ed. by Stephen R. Anderson & Paul Kiparsky , 166–173. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  60. Selkirk, Elisabeth
    1984Phonology and Syntax: The Relation between Sound and Structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Sereno, Joan A. & Allard Jongman
    1990 Phonological and form class relations in the lexicon. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research19.387–404. 10.1007/BF01068886
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01068886 [Google Scholar]
  62. Sherman, Donald
    1975 Noun–Verb Stress Alternation: An Example of the Lexical Diffusion of Sound Change in English. Linguistics159.43–71.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Smith, Jennifer
    2017 Segmental noun/verb phonotactic differences are productive too. Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America. Vol.1. doi:  10.3765/plsa.v1i0.3717
    https://doi.org/10.3765/plsa.v1i0.3717 [Google Scholar]
  64. Sonderegger, Morgan
    2010/2016 Testing for Frequency and Structural Effects in an English Stress Shift. Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society36.411–425. 10.3765/bls.v36i1.3927
    https://doi.org/10.3765/bls.v36i1.3927 [Google Scholar]
  65. Sonderegger, Morgan & Partha Niyogi
    2010 Combining Data and Mathematical Models of Language Change. Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 1019–1029.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Wright, Joseph & Elizabeth M. Wright
    1923An Elementary Middle English Grammar. 2nd ed.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.19030.hof
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.19030.hof
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error