1887
image of The emergence of conjunctions and phrasal coordination in Khanty

Abstract

Abstract

Prior to widespread contact with Russian, Khanty (Uralic; Finno-Ugric) did not have overt conjunctions or phrasal coordination. Instead, Khanty texts from the late 19th–early 20th centuries only include examples of conjunction-less clausal juxtaposition, which was used for both clausal and phrasal coordination. By comparing Khanty texts over the 20th century, we trace the emergence of overt conjunctions and coordination of phrasal constituents. We show that overt conjunctions first appeared in the context of clausal coordination, followed by coordination of smaller phrases. Based on novel elicitation data, we demonstrate that, in contemporary Khanty, (i) overt conjunctions are commonplace, (ii) coordinated clausal constituents may be derived via phrasal coordination or clausal coordination with conjunction reduction/ellipsis, but (iii) ellipsis of syntactic heads is banned (nouns & postpositions) or dispreferred (verbs). Based on this diachronic picture, we conclude that the coordination of phrasal constituents only emerged in Khanty once overt conjunctions became available. We derive this correlation from the Maximize On-line Processing principle ( ), and show that this maxim, usually invoked in the context of speech planning and production, can be successfully applied to modelling language change.

Available under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.21016.kis
2022-07-15
2022-08-12
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/10.1075/jhl.21016.kis/jhl.21016.kis.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.21016.kis&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Beavers, John & Ivan A. Sag
    2004 Coordinate Ellipsis and Apparent Non-Constituent Coordination. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammared. byStefan Müller, 48–69. Stanford: CSLI Publications. 10.21248/hpsg.2004.3
    https://doi.org/10.21248/hpsg.2004.3 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bogoras, Waldemar
    1922 Chukchee. Handbook of American Indian Languages, Part 2 (=Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 40) ed. byFranz Boas, 631–903. Washington: Government Printing Office.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Chafe, Wallace
    1985 Linguistic Differences Produced by Differences Between Speaking and Writing. Literacy, Language, and Learninged. byDavid R. Olson, Nancy Torrance & Angela Hildyard, 105–123. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. 1987 Cognitive Constraints on Information Flow. Coherence and Grounding in Discourseed. byRussell Tomlin, 21–51. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.11.03cha
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.11.03cha [Google Scholar]
  5. Chaves, Rui P.
    2006 Coordination of Unlikes Without Unlike Categories. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammared. byStefan Müller, 102–122. Stanford: CSLI Publications. 10.21248/hpsg.2006.6
    https://doi.org/10.21248/hpsg.2006.6 [Google Scholar]
  6. Cole, Peter
    1982Imbabura Quechua. Lingua Descriptive Studies. Amsterdam: North Holland.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Craig, Colette Grinevald
    1977The Structure of Jacaltec. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Csepregi, Márta
    1998Szurguti osztják chrestomatia. Szeged: JATE.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 2002 Texte in chantischer Sprache vom Fluss Agan. Sei gegrüsst! Beiträge zur Finnougristik zu Ehren von Gert Sauer dargebracht zu seinem siebzigsten Geburtstag (=Veröffentlichungen der Societas Uralo-Altaica 57) ed. byEugene Helimski & Anna Widmer, 85–93. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. 2017Surgutskij dialekt khantyjskogo jazyka [The Surgut dialect of Khanty]. Khanty-Mansijsk: Department of Education and Youth Policy of KhMAO; The Ob-Ugric Institute of Applied Research and Development.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Curme, George
    1931Syntax. Boston: Heath.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. É. Kiss, Katalin
    2021 Definiteness Effect in the PP. Linguistic Inquiry OnlineEarly. 10.1162/ling_a_00453
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling_a_00453 [Google Scholar]
  13. É. Kiss, Katalin & Orsolya Tánczos
    2018 From Possessor Agreement to Object Marking in the Evolution of the Udmurt -jez Suffix: A Grammaticalization Approach to Morpheme Syncretism. Language94:4.733–757. 10.1353/lan.2018.0052
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2018.0052 [Google Scholar]
  14. Filchenko, Andrey Yury
    2010Aspects of the Grammar of Eastern Khanty. Tomsk: TSPU-Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Frazier, Lynn, Alan Munn & Charles Clifton, Jr.
    2000 Processing Coordinate Structures. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research29:4.343–370. 10.1023/A:1005156427600
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005156427600 [Google Scholar]
  16. Gleitman, Lila R.
    1965 Coordinating Conjunctions in English. Language41:2.260–293. 10.2307/411878
    https://doi.org/10.2307/411878 [Google Scholar]
  17. Gulya, János
    1966Eastern Ostyak Chrestomathy. Bloomington: Indiana University Publication.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Haiman, John
    1983 Iconic and Economic Motivation. Language59:4.781–819. 10.2307/413373
    https://doi.org/10.2307/413373 [Google Scholar]
  19. 1985Natural Syntax. Iconicity and Erosion (=Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 44). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1075/tsl.6
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.6 [Google Scholar]
  20. Halle, Morris & Alec Marantz
    1993 Distributed Morphology and the Pieces of Inflection. The View from Building 20: Essays in Linguistics in Honor of Sylvain Brombergered. byKenneth Hale & S. Jay Keyser, 111–176. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Han, Chung-hye & Maribel Romero
    2004 Disjunction, Focus, and Scope. Linguistic Inquiry35:2.179–217. 10.1162/002438904323019048
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438904323019048 [Google Scholar]
  22. Hankamer, Jorge & Ivan Sag
    1976 Deep and Surface Anaphora. Linguistic Inquiry7:3.391–428.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Hawkins, John A.
    2004Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  24. Jing-Schmidt, Zhuo & Xinjia Peng
    2015 The Emergence of Disjunction: A History of Constructionalization in Chinese. Cognitive Linguistics27:1.101–136. 10.1515/cog‑2015‑0073
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cog-2015-0073 [Google Scholar]
  25. Johannessen, Janne Bondi
    1996 Partial Agreement and Coordination. Linguistic Inquiry27:4.661–676.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Johnson, Kyle
    1996In Search of the Middle Field. Ms. Amherst: University of Massachusetts. Online: people.umass.edu/kbj/homepage/index_johnson.htm
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kayne, Richard S.
    1994The Antisymmetry of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lakoff, George & Stanley Peters
    1966 Phrasal Conjunction and Symmetric Predicates. Modern Studies in Englished. byDavid A. Reibel & Sanford A. Schane, 113–142. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lewy, Ernst
    1911Zur finno-ugrischen Wort- und Satzverbindung. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Maremjanin, K. I.
    1936 Aus dem Leben K. I. Maremjanins. InWolfgang Steinitz, Ostjakologische Arbeiten III. Texte aus dem Nachlass 1989, 131–200. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Mauri, Caterina
    2008 The Irreality of Alternatives: Toward a Typology of Disjunction. Studies in Language32:1.22–55. 10.1075/sl.32.1.03mau
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.32.1.03mau [Google Scholar]
  32. Mithun, Marianne
    1988 The Grammaticalization of Coordination. Clause Combining in Grammar and Discourseed. byJohn Haiman & Sandra A. Thompson, 331–359. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.18.13mit
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.18.13mit [Google Scholar]
  33. Munn, Alan Boag
    1987 Coordinate Structure and X-Bar Theory. McGill Working Papers in Linguistics4:1.121–140.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Munn, Alan
    1992 A Null Operator Analysis of ATB Gaps. The Linguistic Review9:1.1–26. 10.1515/tlir.1992.9.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/tlir.1992.9.1.1 [Google Scholar]
  35. Munn, Alan Boag
    1993 Topics in the Syntax and Semantics of Coordinate Structures. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Maryland at College Park.
  36. Nikolaeva, Irina
    1999Ostyak. München: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. 2003 Possessive Affixes in the Pragmatic Structuring of the Utterance: Evidence from Uralic. International Symposium on Deictic Systems and Quantification in Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia. Collection of Papersed. byPirkko Suihkonen & Bernard Comrie, 130–145. Izhevsk & Leipzig: Udmurt State University & Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Ohori, Toshio
    2004 Coordination in Mentalese. Coordinating Constructionsed. byMartin Haspelmath, 41–66. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.58.04oho
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.58.04oho [Google Scholar]
  39. OUDB EM Ob-Ugric Database Eastern Mansi Corpus
    OUDB EM Ob-Ugric Database Eastern Mansi Corpus. Online: www.babel.gwi.uni-muenchen.de/index.php?abfrage=EM_corpus&subnavi=corpus_pub
  40. Peters, Stanley
    1966 Coordinate Conjunction in English. Doctoral Dissertation, MIT.
  41. Pruitt, Kathryn & Floris Roelofsen
    2013 The Interpretation of Prosody in Disjunctive Questions. Linguistic Inquiry44:4.632–650. 10.1162/LING_a_00141
    https://doi.org/10.1162/LING_a_00141 [Google Scholar]
  42. Rédei, Károly
    1968Nord-ostjakische Texte (Kazym-Dialekt) mit Skizze der Grammatik. Göttingen: Vandenhoech & Ruprecht.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Romero, Maribel & Chung-hye Han
    2003 Focus, Ellipsis and the Semantics of Alternative Questions. Empirical Issues in Formal Syntax and Semantics4.291–307.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Ross, John Robert
    1967 Constraints on Variables in Syntax. Doctoral Dissertation, MIT.
  45. 1969 Guess Who?InProceedings of the Fifth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. 1970 Gapping and the Order of Constituents. Progress in Linguisticsed. byManfred Bierwisch & K. E. Heidolph, 249–259. The Hague: Mouton. 10.1515/9783111350219.249
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111350219.249 [Google Scholar]
  47. Schwarz, B.
    1999 On the Syntax of either… or. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory17:2.339–370. 10.1023/A:1006046306942
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006046306942 [Google Scholar]
  48. Sheehan, Michelle, Theresa Biberauer, Ian Roberts & Anders Holmberg
    2017The Final- Over-Final Condition: A Syntactic Universal. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 10.7551/mitpress/8687.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/8687.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  49. Sipos, Mária
    2015 Időhatározói összetett mondatok serkáli hanti szövegekben [Temporal Complex Sentences in Sherkaly Khanty Texts]. Nyelvtudományi Közlemények111.131–149.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Sosa, Sachiko
    2017 Functions of Morphosyntactic Alternations, and Information Flow in Surgut Khanty Discourse. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Helsinki.
  51. Stassen, Leon
    2003 Noun Phrase Conjunction: The Coordinative and the Comitative Strategy. Noun Phrase Structure in the Languages of Europeed. byFrans Plank, 761–819. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Steinitz, Wolfgang
    1941Ostjakische Volksdichtung und Erzählungen aus zwei DialektenII. Stockholm: Õpetatud Eesti Selts.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. (ed.) 1966–1993Dialektologisches und etymologisches Wörterbuch der ostjakischen Sprache (DEWOS). Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. 1989Ostjakologische Arbeiten III. Texte aus dem Nachlass. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Suárez, Jorge A.
    1983The Mesoamerican Indian Languages. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511554445
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511554445 [Google Scholar]
  56. Szabolcsi, Anna
    1990 Osztják parallelizmusok és mellérendelő összetételek [Ostyak Parallelisms and Coordinate Compounds]. Nyelvtudományi Közlemények91.221–225.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Terrill, Angela
    2004 Coordination in Lavukaleve. Coordinating Constructionsed. byMartin Haspelmath, 427–444. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.58.22ter
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.58.22ter [Google Scholar]
  58. Van Valin, Robert Jr.
    2005Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511610578
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511610578 [Google Scholar]
  59. Vértes, Edit
    2001H. Paasonens surgutostjakische Textsammlungen am Jugan. Neu transkribiert, bearbeitet, übersetzt und mit Kommentaren versehen von Edith Vértes. (=Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne 240). Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Wälchli, Bernhard
    2005Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  61. Welmers, William E.
    1973African Language Structures. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Wilder, Christopher
    1994 Coordination, ATB and Ellipsis. Minimalism and Kayne’s Antisymmetry Hypothesis (=Groningen Arbeiten Zur Germanistischen Linguistik 37), ed. byJan-Wouter Zwart, 291–331. Groningen: University of Groningen.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. 2019 Conjunction Reduction and Right-Node Raising. The Oxford Handbook of Ellipsised. byJeroen van Craenenbroeck & Tanja Temmerman, 681–718. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198712398.013.2
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198712398.013.2 [Google Scholar]
  64. Williams, Edwin S.
    1981 Transformationless Grammar. Linguistic Inquiry12:4.645–653.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Winkler, Susanne
    2005Ellipsis and Focus in Generative Grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110890426
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110890426 [Google Scholar]
  66. Worth, Dean Stoddard
    1961Kamchadal Texts Collected by W. Jochelson. The Hague: Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.21016.kis
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.21016.kis
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: Uralic ; conjunctions ; conjunction reduction ; coordination ; Khanty ; co-compounds ; ellipsis
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error