1887
Volume 7, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN 2210-2116
  • E-ISSN: 2210-2124
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This article studies the evolution, from Medieval to Modern French, of three evidential markers that are semantically related from a diachronic perspective: ‘I think that’, ‘it seems to me that’, ‘apparently’, and ‘it seems that, apparently’. This study demonstrates the rise of the modal and evidential uses of the markers in question, from the Medieval period onwards, and provides a semantic characterization of these three epistemic-evidential markers in order to precisely grasp the evolution of their meaning. Using information from a number of databases, this article provides empirical support for the study of the different types of evidentiality, their evolution, and their interaction with the epistemic commitment of the speaker and the degree of certainty. The three markers have evolved towards greater subjectivity and a lower degree of certainty. Their historical semantic description shows that a marker may shift diachronically between various types of evidence.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.7.1-2.05rod
2017-11-23
2019-10-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Corpus de la littérature médiévale en langue d’oïl des origines à la fin du XVe siècle, Paris, Champion électronique 2001.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Textes de français ancien (TFA)
    Textes de français ancien (TFA), Laboratoire de Français Ancien, The ARTLF Project. University of Ottawa.
  3. Frantext, ATILF – CNRS/Université de Nancy 2. Available online atwww.frantext.fr.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Alexandre de Paris
    Alexandre de Paris 1937The Medieval French Roman d’Alexandreed. by Edward C. Armstrong & Douglas L. Buffum , Vol.2. Princeton: Elliott Monographs.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Becque, Henri
    1922Les Corbeaux, in Théâtre complet, Vol.2. Paris: Fasquelle.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Calvin, Jean
    1957Institution de la religion chrestienneed. by J. D. Benoit . Paris: J. Vrin.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Capitaine Gervais
    Capitaine Gervais 2009Souvenirs d’un soldat de l’empire. A la conquête de l’Europe. Paris: Bernard Giovanangeli.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Comte de Volney
    Comte de Volney 1787Voyage en Égypte et en Syrie. Paris: Volland.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Corrozet, Gilles
    1992Second livre des fables d’Esopeed. by Paola Cifarelli . Geneva: Slatkine Reprints.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Daudet, Alphonse
    1890La Lutte pour la vie. Paris: Librairie de France.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dufresny, Charles
    1857La Coquette de village ou le Lot supposé. Paris: Firmin Didot.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Esprit, Jacques
    1710La Fausseté des vertus humaines. Amsterdam: P. Mortier.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Faulkner, William
    1935Lumière d’aoûttranslated by Maurice-Edgar Coindreau . Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Froissart, Jean
    1972Chroniquesed. by George T. Diller . Paris: Droz-Minard.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Juvénal des Ursins, Jean
    1978Ecrits politiques. Paris: Klincksieck.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Lavardin, Jacques de
    1974La Célestineed. by Denis L. Drysdale . London: Tamesis Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Lesage, Alain-René
    1821Aventures du chevalier de Beauchêne. Paris: Renouard.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Marivaux
    1968Le Prince travesti, ou l’Illustre aventurier, in Théâtre completed. by Frédéric Deloffre , Vol.1. Paris: Garnier.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Mme de Sévigné
    Mme de Sévigné 1974Correspondance, Vol.2. Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Montesquieu
    1914Correspondance 1716–1755ed. by François Gebelin & André Morize . Paris: Champion.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Musset, Alfred de
    1923La Coupe et les lèvres, in Oeuvres complètesed. by Fernand Baldensperger & Robert Doré , Vol.1. Paris: Conard.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Paris, Gaston & Ulysse Robert
    eds. 1876–1897Miracles de Nostre Dame par personnages, 7vols. Paris: Firmin Didot.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Ponson du Terrail, Pierre-Alexis
    1963Rocambole. Les drames de Parised. by C. A. Ciccione , Vol.1. Monaco: Eds du Rocher.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Renaud de Beaujeu
    Renaud de Beaujeu 2003Le bel inconnued. by Michèle Perret & Isabelle Weill . Paris: Champion classiques.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Roques, M.
    ed. 1952Erec et Enide. Paris: Champion CFMA.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sand, George
    1981François le Champi. Paris: Garnier.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 1987Correspondance 1830ed. by Georges Lubin . Paris: Garnier.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Scarron, Paul
    1995Le Gardien de soy-mesme. Paris: Klincksieck.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Scribe, Eugène
    1845Le Mariage de raison, in Oeuvres complètesVol.4. Paris: Furne.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Sergent Bourgogne
    Sergent Bourgogne 1995Mémoires. Paris: Arléa.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Toussaint, Jean-Philippe
    1985La salle de bain. Paris: Eds de Minuit.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Tyard, Pontus de
    1990Mantice: discours de la vérité de Divination par Astrologieed. by Sylviane Bokdam . Geneva: Droz.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Voyage de La Pérouse autour du monde
    Voyage de La Pérouse autour du monde 1797 Paris: Impr. de la République.
  34. Chafe, Wallace
    1986 Evidentiality in English Conversation and Academic Writing. Evidentiality: The linguistic coding of epistemologyed. by Wallace Chafe & Johanna Nichols , 261–272. Norwood: Ablex.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Cornillie, Bert
    2007 The Continuum Between Lexical and Grammatical Evidentiality: A functional analysis of Spanish parecer . Rivista di Linguistica19:1.109–128.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Cornillie, Bert & Paola Pietrandrea
    2012 Modality at Work: Cognitive, interactional and textual functions of modal markers. Journal of Pragmatics44.2109–2115. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2012.10.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.10.004 [Google Scholar]
  37. Dendale, Patrick
    1994Devoir épistémique, marqueur modal ou évidentiel?. Langue Française102.24–40. doi: 10.3406/lfr.1994.5712
    https://doi.org/10.3406/lfr.1994.5712 [Google Scholar]
  38. Dendale, Patrick & Liliana Tasmowski
    2001 Introduction: Evidentiality and related notions. Journal of Pragmatics33:3.339–348. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(00)00005‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(00)00005-9 [Google Scholar]
  39. Dendale, Patrick & Julie van Bogaert
    2007 A Semantic Description of French Lexical Evidential Markers and the Classification of Evidentials. Rivista di Linguistica19:1.65–89.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. González Ramos, Elisa
    2005Por lo visto y al parecer: Comparación de dos locuciones modales epistémicos de evidencialidad en español actual. Interlingüística16.541–554.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Grossman, Francis & Agnès Tutin
    2010 Evidential Markers in French Scientific Writing: The case of the French verb voir . Linguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languagesed. by Elena Smirnova & Gabriele Diewald , 279–308. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Hanson, Kristin
    1987 On Subjectivity and the History of Epistemic Expressions in English. Chicago Linguistic Society23:1.133–147.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Heine, Bernd
    2002 On the Role of Context in Grammaticalization. New Reflections on Grammaticalizationed. by Ilse Wischer & Gabriele Diewald , 83–101. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.49.08hei
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.49.08hei [Google Scholar]
  44. Nølke, Henning
    2001 La dilution linguistique des responsabilités. Essai de description polyphonique des marqueurs évidentiels il semble que et il paraît que . Le regard du locuteur2, 15–34. Paris: Kimé.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Nuyts, Jan
    2001 Subjectivity as an Evidential Dimension in Epistemic Modal Expressions. Journal of Pragmatics33:3.383–400. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(00)00009‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(00)00009-6 [Google Scholar]
  46. 2012 Notions of (Inter)subjectivity. English Text Construction5.53–76. doi: 10.1075/etc.5.1.04nuy
    https://doi.org/10.1075/etc.5.1.04nuy [Google Scholar]
  47. Pietrandrea, Paola
    2007 The Grammatical Nature of Some Epistemic-Evidential Adverbs in Spoken Italian. Rivista di Linguistica19:1.39–64.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Rey, Alain
    2004 [1992]Dictionnaire historique de la langue française. Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Rodríguez-Somolinos, Amalia
    2010 L’évolution de apparemment en français: la formation d’un marqueur d’attitude énonciative. Le changement en français. Etudes de linguistique diachroniqueed. by Bernard Combettes Céline Guillot , Alexei Lavrentiev , Evelyne Oppermann-Marsaux , & Sophie Prévost , 345–361. Bern: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. 2014 L’évolution en français de il m’est avis que/ ce m’est avis: médiativité, perception, inférence. Actes du Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française 2014, 1–12. Institut de Linguistique Française/EDP Sciences, CD-ROM.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. 2016 Perception visuelle, inférence et polyphonie: l’évolution de il paraît que . Linx73:2.17–38. doi: 10.4000/linx.1623
    https://doi.org/10.4000/linx.1623 [Google Scholar]
  52. Squartini, Mario
    2004 Disentangling Evidentiality and Epistemic Modality in Romance. Lingua114.873–895. doi: 10.1016/S0024‑3841(03)00064‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3841(03)00064-0 [Google Scholar]
  53. Sweetser, Eve
    1991From Etymology to Pragmatics: Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Traugott, Elizabeth C.
    1989 On the Rise of Epistemic Meanings in English: An example of subjectification in semantic change. Language57.33–65.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Willems, Dominique . & Claire Blanche-Benveniste
    2010 Verbes ‛faibles’ et verbes à valeur épistémique en français parlé: il me semble, il paraît, j’ai l’impression, on dirait, je dirais. Actes du XXVe Congrès International de Linguistique et de Philologie RomaneVol.IVed. by Maria Iliescu , Heidi Siller-Runggaldier , & Paul Danler , 565–576. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.7.1-2.05rod
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jhl.7.1-2.05rod
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): epistemic modality , evidentiality , French , historical pragmatics , inference and visual perception
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error