Volume 7, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN 2210-2116
  • E-ISSN: 2210-2124
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This article demonstrates the diachronic development of present-day Dutch as an evidential copular verb meaning ‘to seem, based on (auditory) evidence’ from the Middle Dutch intransitive verb meaning ‘to give off a clear sound’. I identify four semantic stages in the history of , which are divided by processes of semantic bleaching (14th–16th century, 16th–17th century) and subjectification and copularization (during the 16th century). I claim that the process of copularization is the trigger of both the evidential meaning and the subjective interpretation that copular constructions with receive. Furthermore, I show that, unlike the development of ‘look’ and ‘feel’ from cognitive perception verbs, has developed much like the Dutch copular verbs ‘seem’ and ‘turn out’: from an intransitive verb with a sensory-related meaning.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): copularization; evidentiality; grammaticalization; perception verbs; subjectification
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