1887
Volume 18, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1566-5852
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9854
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

It is argued that shame has become increasingly important as a mechanism of social control in Western societies while our awareness of shame has simultaneously decreased. This paper explores the functions of the lexemes , and in the eighteenth-century section of the and investigates how shame-inducing situations were discussed in letter-writing. Direct expressions of shame emerge particularly as formulaic apologies and reflect breached social conventions, honour, inadequacy and immorality. Shame discourse in the two case studies, however, proved to be context-dependent, evasive and euphemistic, and shame was expressed through a range of negative emotions. An element of discomfort in eighteenth-century shame discourse indicates that shame had taboo connotations, but the formulaic presence of shame and its connection to the cultural keyword of honour underlines its role as a mechanism of social control.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jhp.00007.sai
2018-02-09
2019-11-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Backscheider, Paula R.
    2013Elizabeth Singer Rowe and the Development of the English Novel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bailey, Joanne
    2012Parenting in England 1760–1830: Emotion, Identity and Generation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Barker-Benfield, G. J.
    1992The Culture of Sensibility: Sex and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. DeGategno, Paul J. and R. Jay Stubblefield
    2009Jonathan Swift: A Literary Reference to His Life and Works. New York: Infobase Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Deonna, Julien A. , Raffaele Rodogno and Fabrice Teroni
    2012In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Elias, Norbert
    1978The History of Manners: The Civilizing Process. (VolumeI.) New York: Pantheon Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Evans, Dylan
    2001Emotion: The Science of Sentiment. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Jucker, Andreas H.
    2011 “Positive and Negative Face as Descriptive Categories in the History of English”. Journal of Historical Pragmatics12 (1–2): 178–97. doi: 10.1075/jhp.12.1‑2.08juc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jhp.12.1-2.08juc [Google Scholar]
  9. Jucker, Andreas H. and Irma Taavitsainen
    2008 “Apologies in the History of English: Routinized and Lexicalized Expressions of Responsibility and Regret”. In Andreas H. Jucker and Irma Taavitsainen (eds), Speech Acts in the History of English, 229–44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/pbns.176.12juc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.176.12juc [Google Scholar]
  10. Kövecses, Zoltan
    2000Metaphor and Emotion: Language, Culture and Body in Human Feeling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Lewis, Helen Block
    1971Shame and Guilt in Neurosis. New York: International Universities Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Li, Jin
    2004 “The Organization of Chinese Shame Concepts”. Cognition and Emotion18 (6): 767–97. doi: 10.1080/02699930341000202
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930341000202 [Google Scholar]
  13. Norberg, Cathrine
    2012 “Male and Female Shame: A Corpus-based Study of Emotion”. Corpora7 (2): 159–85. doi: 10.3366/cor.2012.0025
    https://doi.org/10.3366/cor.2012.0025 [Google Scholar]
  14. Norgate, G. and G. Le
    2004 Morris, Matthew Robinson, second Baron Rokeby (1713–1800), rev. S. J. Skedd . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Accessed22 October 2014at: www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/23892. doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/23892
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/23892 [Google Scholar]
  15. Ogarkova, Anna
    2007 “‘Green-eyed Monsters’: A Corpus-based Study of Metaphoric Conceptualizations of jealousy and envy in Modern English”. metaphorik.de13: 87–147.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Retzinger, Suzanne
    1987 “Resentment and Laughter: Video Studies of the Shame – Rage Spiral”. In Helen Block Lewis (ed.), The Role of Shame in Symptom Formation, 151–81. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. 1991Violent Emotions: Shame and Rage in Marital Quarrels. Newbury Park: Sage. doi: 10.4135/9781483325927
    https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483325927 [Google Scholar]
  18. Scheff, Thomas J.
    1994Microsociology: Discourse, Emotion and Social Structure. (Second edition.) Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 2003 “Shame in Self and Society”. Symbolic Interaction26 (2): 239–62. doi: 10.1525/si.2003.26.2.239
    https://doi.org/10.1525/si.2003.26.2.239 [Google Scholar]
  20. Scheff, Thomas J. and Suzanne Retzinger
    2000 “Shame as the Master Emotion of Everyday Life”. Journal of Mundane Behaviour1 (3): 303–24.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Tissari, Heli
    2006 “Conceptualizing Shame: Investigating Uses of the English Word Shame, 1418–1991”. In McConchie, R. W. et al. (eds), Selected Proceedings of the 2005 Symposium on New Approaches in English Historical Lexis (HEL-LEX). Somerville, Massachusetts: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Wierzbicka, Anna
    2006English: Meaning and Culture. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  23. 1999 “Emotional Universals”. Language Design2: 23–69.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jhp.00007.sai
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jhp.00007.sai
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error