Volume 13, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1566-5852
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9854
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This paper uses linguistic theories of politeness to shed light on the functioning of certain discourse features of the Early Middle English Ancrene Wisse. It has been suggested that Ancrene Wisse is generically impolite because of the presence of conventional misogynistic tropes; however, the nature of the text as a religious rule requires a stance in which face-threatening acts, such as admonishing, advising, and even condemning, are common. The text also exhibits clear politeness strategies, including affectionate direct addresses of readers and comments that explicitly exclude readers from the text’s admonishments. The pragmatic effect of integrating these politeness strategies with the genre’s regulatory requirements creates a complex discourse field for readers to compass but, in fact, may provide an ideal environment for the text and its readers to pursue the genre’s Christian ideals.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Ancrene Wisse; direct address; discourse analysis; politeness; readers; religious rule
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