Volume 20, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1566-5852
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9854
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This paper explores conceptualisations of (‘happiness / prosperity’) and (‘fate / luck’) in Persian, adopting a combined historical and contemporary analysis. The expression consists of the free morphemes (‘pleasant’) and (‘fate’).

The root of originates from the Proto-Indo-European language (). An historical analysis returning all the way to the Proto-Indo-Iranian religion shows that the concept of captured the idea of a pre-determined destiny by conceptualising as a god who dispenses fortune. Data from a number of Persian encyclopaedias, dictionaries and weblogs, as well as a word association task carried out by a group of speakers of Persian, revealed that in contemporary Persian is largely associated with what is considered to be a “good” married life. Overall, the findings of this study illustrate the usefulness of combining diachronic and synchronic approaches when analysing cultural conceptualisations. The study also shows that attempts to trace the historical roots of cultural conceptualisations may benefit from insights gained in other fields, such as the history of religions. In this context, the multidisciplinary nature of the newly developed field of Cultural Linguistics provides an effective basis for cross-disciplinary openness, which has the potential to deepen the scope of analyses undertaken.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): baxt; conceptualisation; Cultural Linguistics; fate; happiness; Persian; xoshbaxti
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