Volume 19, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1566-5852
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9854
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In this paper, I look at the Ancient Greek expressions and , which are all usually translated as ‘come (on)’. After discussing some existing accounts of these items, I look at their structural – syntactic properties and argue that they can be regarded as pragmaticalized imperatives. Then, I propose a new interpretation of their function – on this analysis, they can be regarded as conversational “boosters”, increasing the degree of strength of the illocutionary point of the utterance. Finally, I look at their diachronic development – in the corpus under consideration, is gradually replaced by as the expression used with other imperatives, while develops as the preferred expression for use with non-imperative directive utterances.


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