Volume 22, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1566-5852
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9854
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



The results of a previous study (Banks 2018) suggest that the development of scientific writing is more conservative in times of great turbulence. In an attempt to verify this, samples were taken from the and the for the years 1735, 1785 and 1835. The development over the years 1735 to 1785 was compared to that between 1785 and 1835. Analysis of the grammatical functions and semantic categories of themes and of process types indicates that there is some evidence in favour of the conjecture that scientific writers are more conservative in times of turbulence. Whilst this is not conclusive, it suggests that further research would be fruitful.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Banks, David
    1996 “Joseph Banks and the Development of Scientific Writing”. InGerhard Budin (ed.), Multilingualism in Specialist Communication, Proceedings of the 10th European LSP Symposium, Vienna, 1995, 697–705. (Volume2.) Vienna: IITF/Infoterm.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2005 Introduction à la linguistique systémique fonctionnelle de l’anglais [‘Introduction to the Systemic Functional Linguistics of English’]. Paris: L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. 2008The Development of Scientific Writing: Linguistic Features and Historical Context. London: Equinox.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. 2016 “On the (Non)Necessity of the Hybrid Category Behavioural Process”. InDonna Rose Miller and Paul Bayley (eds), Hybridity in Systemic Functional Linguistics: Grammar, Text and Discursive Context, 21–40. Sheffield: Equinox.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 2017aThe Birth of the Academic Article: Le Journal des Sçavans and the Philosophical Transactions 1665–1700. Sheffield: Equinox.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 2017bA Systemic Functional Grammar of French: A Simple Introduction. Abingdon: Routledge. 10.4324/9781315228327
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315228327 [Google Scholar]
  7. 2017c “The Dawn of the Eighteenth Century: A Challenging Boundary for the Academic Article”. InStella Neumann, Rebekah Wegener, Jennifer Fest, Paula Niemietz and Nicole Hützen (eds), Challenging Boundaries in Linguistics: Systemic Functional Perspectives, 89–109. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 2018 “The Effects of Revolution and War on Academic Discourse, 1785–1835”. Textes & Contextes13 (2). Available online at: https://preo.u-bourgogne.fr/textesetcontextes/index.php?id=2355
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Beaglehole, John Cawte
    (ed.) 1962The Endeavour Journal of Joseph Banks, 1768–1771. (TwoVolumes.) Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bell, Madison Smartt
    2005Lavoisier in the Year One: The Birth of a New Science in an Age of Revolution. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Cameron, Hector Charles
    1952Sir Joseph Banks: The Autocrat of the Philosophers 1744–1820. London: Batchworth Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Crosland, Maurice
    2005 “Relationships between the Royal Society and the Académie des Sciences in the Late Eighteenth Century”. Notes & Records of the Royal Society59 (1): 25–34. 10.1098/rsnr.2004.0067
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rsnr.2004.0067 [Google Scholar]
  13. Fayet, Joseph
    1960La Révolution Française et la Science, 1789–1795 [‘The French Revolution and Science, 1789–1795’]. Paris: Marcel Rivière & Cie.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Fyfe, Aileen
    2015 “Journals, Learned Societies and Money: Philosophical Transactions, ca. 1750–1900”. Notes and Records69 (3): 277–300. 10.1098/rsnr.2015.0032
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rsnr.2015.0032 [Google Scholar]
  15. Fyfe, Aileen and Noah Moxham
    2016 “Making Public Ahead of Print: Meetings and Publications at the Royal Society, 1752–1892”. Notes and Records70 (4): 361–79. 10.1098/rsnr.2016.0030
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rsnr.2016.0030 [Google Scholar]
  16. Fyfe, Aileen, Julie McDougall-Waters and Noah Moxham
    2015 “350 Years of scientific Periodicals”. Notes and Records69 (3): 227–40. 10.1098/rsnr.2015.0036
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rsnr.2015.0036 [Google Scholar]
  17. Gascoigne, John
    1998Science in the Service of Empire: Joseph Banks, the British State and the Uses of Science in the Age of Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hahn, Roger
    1971The Anatomy of a Scientific Institution: The Paris Academy of Sciences, 1666–1803. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. 10.1525/9780520336056
    https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520336056 [Google Scholar]
  19. Halliday, M. A. K.
    2014Halliday’s Introduction to Functional Grammar. (Fourth edition, revised byChristian M. I. M. Matthiessen.) Abingdon: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203783771
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203783771 [Google Scholar]
  20. Licoppe, Christian
    1994 “The Crystallization of a New Narrative Form in Experimental Reports (1660–1690): The Experimental Evidence as a Transaction between Philosophical Knowledge and Aristocratic Power”. Science in Context7 (2): 205–44. 10.1017/S0269889700001678
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0269889700001678 [Google Scholar]
  21. Lyons, Henry
    1944The Royal Society 1660–1940: A History of its Administration under its Charters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. McClellan, James E. III
    2001 “The Mémoires of the Académie Royale des Sciences, 1699–1790: A Statistical Overview”. InRobert Halleux, James McClellan, Daniela Barariu and Geneviève Xhayet (eds), Les publications de l’Académie Royale des Sciences de Paris (1666–1793) [‘The Publications of the French Académie Royale des Sciences’], 7–36. (Volume2.) Turnhout: Brepols.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. O’Brian, Patrick
    1987Joseph Banks: A life. London: Collins Harvill.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. O’Donnell, Michael, Michele Zappavigna and Casey Whitelaw
    2008 “A Survey of Process Type Classification over Difficult Cases”. InCarys Jones and Eija Ventola (eds), New Developments in the Study of Ideational Meaning: From Language to Multimodality, 47–64. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error