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Abstract

Abstract

This paper examines the emergence of the Chinese adverb and its further development into a stance discourse marker (). Most previous studies consider the epistemic modal adverb (‘indeed, truly’) to have originated from the temporal adverb (‘originally’). Based on the framework of constructionalisation ( ) and idea of multiple sources, I argue that the temporal adverb might not have been the only source for the modal to occur. Furthermore, the modal adverb changed into an , thereby signaling the speaker’s subjective evaluation while linking the coherence of the discourse. I argue that the change was enabled by both subjectification and analogisation. The exemplars to which was by hypothesis analogised include the extant discourse connectives (e.g., ) and the extant commentary pragmatic markers (e.g., and ) ( ).

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/content/journals/10.1075/jhp.19008.zha
2022-11-11
2022-12-08
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