Volume 9, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2212-8433
  • E-ISSN: 2212-8441
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Studies of lexical and syntactic development in immersion programs are numerous, yet phonological development has received much less attention. This study compares the pronunciation of English home language students in one-way and two-way Spanish immersion programs across three sound classes: voiceless stops, rhotics, and vowels. Learner productions were analyzed acoustically and compared to those of Spanish-English bilingual peers. Findings suggest that the two-way immersion context may facilitate more nativelike articulation. Amount of exposure to native speaker input, emerging adolescent identity, and decreases in instructional use of the minority language are explored as contributing factors to the greater outcomes of two-way students.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): language immersion; pronunciation; rhotics; Spanish; voice onset time; vowels
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