1887
Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2213-1272
  • E-ISSN: 2213-1280
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study investigated lexical labelling of people and their actions in terms of ownership and non-ownership of territories by the Nigerian and Cameroonian newspaper reports on the Bakassi Peninsula border conflict, with a view to uncovering ideologies underlying the representations. Van Dijk’s socio-cognitive model of Critical Discourse Analysis which relates discursive practices to social and psychological dimensions was used to analyse instances of labelling in three Nigerian and three Cameroonian English-medium national newspapers. The analyses revealed that the newspapers generally labelled Nigerians in Bakassi as both owners (natives and indigenes) and non-owners (inhabitants and residents). Specifically, the Cameroonian news reports deployed more labels of non-ownership to project Nigerians in Bakassi as mere tenants and occupants of the region while the Nigerian news reports employed more labels of ownership to depict Nigerians as aboriginals and owners of the peninsula. The ideologies of economic interests and ancestral roots motivated the labelling of territorial ownership and non-ownership in both nations’ newspapers.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlac.4.2.05igw
2016-12-16
2019-12-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Asiwaju, Anthony
    1996 “The Bakassi Peninsula Crisis: An Alternative to War and Litigation.” Paper presented at the 1996 Conference of the International Boundaries Research Unit , University of Durham.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Chiluwa, Innocent
    2011Labelling and Ideology in the Press: A Corpus-Based Critical Discourse Study of the Niger Delta Crisis. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. De Koning, Ruben
    2008 “Bearing Bakassi: Local Livelihoods and Natural Resource Management under Military Stalemate.” www.c3ed.uvsq.fr/cdgecorev/fr/pdf/t2/Dekoning.pdf.
  4. Egede, Edwin
    2008Bakassi: Critical look at the Green Tree Agreement. Nigerian Daily Independent Newspaper. works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1007&context=edwin_egede (accessed10, October, 2012).
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Fairclough, Norman
    2003Analyzing Discourse and Text: Textual Analysis for Social Research. London and New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Kirchner, Stefan
    2001 “Water, Oil and Blood: The Cameroon – Nigeria Boundary Dispute Regarding Bakassi Peninsula and Lake Chad and Threat of War over Water Resources.” Paper presented at An International Law Seminar at Utrecht University in 2001 . www.ssrn.com/author=343201
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Konings, Piet
    2005 “The Anglophone Cameroon-Nigeria Boundary: Opportunities and Conflicts.” African Affairs104 (15): 275–301. doi: 10.1093/afraf/adi004
    https://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adi004 [Google Scholar]
  8. LeFebvre, Rebecca
    2014 “Interests and Identities in Peace Negotiations: Nigeria, Cameroon, and the Bakassi Peninsula.” African Social Science Review6 (1): 83–94.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Lukong, Hilary
    2011The Cameroon-Nigeria Border Dispute: Management and Resolution, 1981–2011. Bamenda: Langaa Research and Publishing Common Initiative Group.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Matheson, Donald
    2005Media Discourses: Analysing Media Texts. Berkshire: Open University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Mbaga, Jean , and Zachée Njo
    2007 “Globalisation and New Resource Wars: Armed Conflicts over the Bakassi Peninsula between Cameroon and Nigeria.” www.c3ed.uvsq.fr/cdgecorev/fr/pdf/+2/Mbanga.pdf.
  12. Mbuh, Justice
    2004 “The Bakassi Peninsula Dispute.” InInternational Law and Conflict: Resolving Border and Sovereignty Disputes in Africa, ed. by Justice M. Mbuh , 1–29. London: Universe Inc. www.postwatchmagazine.com/files/bakassi-notes.pdf.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Milano, Enrico
    2004 “Territorial Disputes, Unlawful Territorial Situations and State Responsibility.” The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals3: 1–6. doi: 10.1163/1571803042781887
    https://doi.org/10.1163/1571803042781887 [Google Scholar]
  14. Nwachukwu, C
    2008 “Cameroon, Nigeria to Discuss Offshore Oilfield Boundaries.” The Punch, March 13, 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Nwobi, Chika
    2006 “Nigeria-Cameroon Conflict over Bakassi Peninsula: The Implication for the Local Population”. M.A. thesis, University of Ibadan.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Oduntan, Gbenga
    2006 “The Demarcation of Straddling Villages in Accordance with the International Court of Justice Jurisprudence: The Cameroon – Nigeria Experience.” Chinese Journal of International Law5 (1): 67–78. doi: 10.1093/chinesejil/jml006
    https://doi.org/10.1093/chinesejil/jml006 [Google Scholar]
  17. Ogen, Olukoya
    2010 “Ethnic Irredentism, Oil Politics and Historical Deconstruction in the Gulf of Guinea: The Bakassi Crisis and the Abuse of History.” Paper presented on 25 May, 2010 at the Department of History and International Studies , Osun State University Ikire Campus. Osogbo.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Omede, Adedoyi
    2006 “Nigeria’s Relations with Her Neighbours.” Studies Tribes Tribals4 (1): 7–17.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Omoigui, Nowa
    2004 “The Bakassi Story.” RetrievedMarch 4, 2009. www.omoigui.com/files/the_bakassi_story.pdf.
  20. Omoniyi, Tope , and Dipo, Salami
    2004 “Identity Constructs in a Contested Borderland: The Bakassi Peninsula.” InNigeria and Globalization: Discourses on Identity, Politics and Social Conflict, ed. by Duro Oni , Suman Gupta , Tope Omoniyi , Efurosibina Adegbija , and Segun Awonusi , 171–193. Lagos: Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilisation.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Onomerike, Emmanuel
    2008 “International Diplomacy and the Resolution of Cameroon –Nigeria Boundary Dispute.” M.A. thesis, University of Ibadan.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ushie, Joseph
    2010 “The Niger Delta Crisis: Origins and Neo-Colonialist Complications.” Paper presented at the Territorial Origins of African Conflicts Conference , University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, January 29–30, 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. van Dijk, Teun
    1997Discourse as Social Interaction. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 2001 “Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis.” InDiscourse Theory and Practice: A Reader, ed. by Margaret Wetherell , Stephanie Taylor , and Simeon J. Yates , 300–317. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Wodak, Ruth
    1997Gender and Discourse. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlac.4.2.05igw
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): border conflict , critical discourse analysis , ideology , lexical labelling and newspaper reports
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error