1887
Volume 14 Number 6
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

In 1999 a devolved Scottish Parliament was established within the United Kingdom following a referendum two years earlier. The current governing party in that Parliament – the SNP – held a referendum on Scottish independence in September 2014, which resulted in a decision to stay within the UK. However, during the referendum campaign promises were made by the main UK parties to transfer further power away from the British Parliament at Westminster to the Scottish Parliament in the hope this would satisfy demands for greater self-government in Scotland. This paper analyses the rhetoric of the leaders of Britain’s two main political parties in an effort to detect strategies used to construct and perpetuate Britishness in the context of devolution and a threat to the British state. It finds a number of discursive strategies deployed to promote unity and difference to (non-British) others. It also suggests the apparent need by British political leaders to deploy such British-constructivist strategies involves avoiding even acknowledging the reality of a major constitutional reform such as devolution and therefore political difference between the nations of the UK.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.14.6.01cra
2015-12-30
2019-12-11
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Allardyce, Jason , and Iain Harrison
    2008 Is Scottish Independence Stone Dead? The Sunday Times. www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/scotland/article4969039.ece. Accessed15 August 2011.
  2. Anderson, Benedict
    1991Imagined Communities. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Billig, Michael
    1995Banal Nationalism. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bond, Ross
    2000 “Demonstrating and Explaining the Political Non-alignment of Scottish National Identity”. Scottish Affairs32: 15–35. doi: 10.3366/scot.2000.0029
    https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2000.0029 [Google Scholar]
  5. 2009 “Political Attitudes and National Identities in Scotland and England”. InNational Identity, Nationalism and Constitutional Change, ed. by Frank Bechhofer and David McCrone , 95–121. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bechhofer, Frank , and David McCrone
    2009National Identity, Nationalism and Constitutional Change. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230234147
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230234147 [Google Scholar]
  7. 2010 “Choosing National Identity”. Sociological Research Online15 (3): 3. www.socresonline.org.uk/15/3/3.html#rosiepetersoo200. doi: 10.5153/sro.2191
    https://doi.org/10.5153/sro.2191 [Google Scholar]
  8. Boulton, Adam
    2008 “Quoted in J. Macintyre. Conference Calls: Are Party Conferences the Dramatic Spectacles they Once Were?” The Independent, 15September. www.independent.co.uk/news/media/conference-calls-are-party-conferences-the-dramatic-spectacles-they-once-were-930440.html. Accessed12 May 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Breuilly, John
    1985Nationalism and the State. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. 1996 “Approaches to Nationalism”. InMapping the Nation, ed. by Gopal Balakrishnan , 146–174. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Brown, David
    2000Contemporary Nationalism: Civic, Ethnocultural and Multicultural Politics. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Brown, Gordon
    2004 British Council Annual Lecture. HM Treasury website: www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/press_63_04.htm. Accessed7 January 2012.
  13. 2006 The Future of Britishness. Speech to the Fabian New Year Conference. www.lgcplus.com/reinvigorate-democracy-at-local-level-chancellor-on-the-future-of-britishness/516231.article. Accessed12 May 2015.
  14. Campbell, Alastair
    2010The Alastair Campbell Diaries. London: Hutchinson.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Condor, Susan
    2010 “Devolution and National Identity: The Rules of English Disengagement”. Nations and Nationalism16 (3): 525–543. doi: 10.1111/j.1469‑8129.2010.00441.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8129.2010.00441.x [Google Scholar]
  16. Curtice, John , and Anthony Heath
    2009 “‘England Awakes? Trends in National Identity in England’”. InNational Identity, Nationalism and Constitutional Change, ed. by Frank Bechhofer and David McCrone . London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Dale, Iain
    2008 The Future of Party Conferences. iaindale.blogspot.com/2008/07/future-of-party-conferences.html. Accessed15 August 2011.
  18. De Cilla, Rudolf , Reisigl Martin , and Ruth Wodak
    1999 “The Discursive Construction of National Identities.” Discourse and Society10 (2): 149–173. doi: 10.1177/0957926599010002002
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926599010002002 [Google Scholar]
  19. Develotte, Christine , and Rechniewski Elizabeth
    2001 “Discourse Analysis of Newspaper Headlines: A Methodological Framework for Research into National Representations.” The Web Journal of French Media Studies4 (1).
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Devine, Tom
    1999The Scottish Nation1700–2000. London: Penguin Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Fairclough, Norman
    2001Language and Power, 2nd ed. Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 2003Analysing Discourse. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Finlayson, Alan , and Martin James
    2008 “It Ain’t What You Say …’ British Political Studies and the analysis of Speech and Rhetoric”. British Politics3: 445–464. doi: 10.1177/0957926599010002002
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926599010002002 [Google Scholar]
  24. Fowler, Roger
    1991Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Gellner, Ernest
    1986Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. 1998Nationalism. London: Phoenix.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Harris, Erika
    2009Nationalism Theories and Cases. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Hassan, Gerry
    2008“Brown and the Importance of being British”. Renewal: A Journal of Labour Politics. findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6047/is_200801/?tag=content;col1. Accessed16 August 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Hechter, Michael
    1975Internal Colonialism: The Celtic Fringe in British National Development, 1536–1966. London and Henley: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. 1985 “Internal Colonialism Revisited”. InNew Nationalisms of the Developed West, ed. by Edward Tiryakian and Ronald Rogowski , 17–26. Boston: Allen and Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Keating, Michael
    2001Nations Against the State. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Law, Alex
    2001 “Near and Far: Banal National Identity and the Press in Scotland”. Media, Culture and Society23 (3): 299–317. doi: 10.1177/016344301023003002
    https://doi.org/10.1177/016344301023003002 [Google Scholar]
  33. Lee, Simon
    2006 “Gordon Brown and the “British Way””. The Political Quarterly77 (3): 369–378. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑923X.2006.00808.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-923X.2006.00808.x [Google Scholar]
  34. Lynch, Peter
    2002SNP: The History of the Scottish National Party. Cardiff: Welsh Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Macdonell, Hamish
    2009Unchartered Territory. London: Politico’s.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Miller, David
    2000Citizenship and National Identity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Nairn, Tom
    1981The Break-up of Britain. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. 1997Faces of Nationalism: Janus Revisited. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Özkirimli, Umut
    2000Theories of Nationalism: A Critical Introduction. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Petersoo, Pille
    2007 “What Does “We” Mean? National Deixis in the Media”. Journal of Language and Politics6 (3): 419–436. doi: 10.1075/jlp.6.3.08pet
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.6.3.08pet [Google Scholar]
  41. Pittock, Murray
    2008 The Road to Independence? London: Reaktion.
  42. Reisigl, Martin
    2008 “Rhetoric of Political Speeches”. InHandbook of Communication in the Public Sphere, ed. by Ruth Wodak and Veronika Keller , 243–270. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Ricento, Thomas
    2003 “The Discursive Construction of Americanism”. Discourse and Society14 (5): 611–637. doi: 10.1177/09579265030145004
    https://doi.org/10.1177/09579265030145004 [Google Scholar]
  44. Rosie, Michael , Pille Petersoo , Macinness John , Susan Condor , and James Kennedy
    2006 “Mediating which Nation? Citizenship and National Identities in the British Press”. Social Semiotics16 (2): 327–344. doi: 10.1080/10350330600664896
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10350330600664896 [Google Scholar]
  45. Sayegh, Pascal-Yan
    2008 “Discursive Elements in the de (Banalisation) of Nationalism: A Study of Speeches by Gordon Brown and Nicolas Sarkozy”. Centre for European Studies Working Paper35: 1–26.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Smith, Anthony
    1996 “Nationalism and the Historians”. InMapping the Nation, ed. by Gopal Balakrishnan , 175–197. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Smith Commission
    2014 Report of the Smith Commission for Further Devolution of Powers to the Scottish Parliament. https://www.smith-commission.scot/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/The_Smith_Commission_Report-1.pdf. Accessed5 May 2015.
  48. Taylor, Brian
    1999The Road to the Scottish Parliament. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. The Scotland Act
    1998 “National Archives”. www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1998/46/contents. Accessed5 May 2015.
  50. 2012 “National Archives”. www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2012/11/contents/enacted. Accessed5 May 2015.
  51. The Scottish Government
    2007 Choosing Scotland’s Future – A National Conversation. www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/White-Paper. Accessed15 December 2011.
  52. Van Dijk, Teun
    1993 “Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis”. Discourse and Society4 (2): 249–283. doi: 10.1177/0957926593004002006
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926593004002006 [Google Scholar]
  53. Wilden, Anthony
    1987The Rules are No Game: The Strategy of Communication. London: Routledge and Keegan Paul.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Wodak, Ruth , de Cilla Rudolf , Reisigl Martin , and Karin Liebhart
    1999The Discursive Construction of National Identity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. 2009The Discursive Construction of National Identity, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.14.6.01cra
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Britishness , critical discourse analysis , national identity , nationalism , rhetoric and Scotland
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error