1887
Volume 15, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela’s poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba
2016-04-29
2019-10-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abalo, Ernesto
    2012 “First Hegemony, then Democracy: On Ideology and the Media Discourse on the Coup against Hugo Chávez.” Observatorio (OBS*) Journal6 (3): 105–128.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2014 “Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela.” tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique. Open Access Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society12 (2): 802–821.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Amin, Samir
    1989Eurocentrism. New York: Monthly Review Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Benke, Getraud
    2003 “‘Austria Owes its Policy of Neutrality...’: Neutrality in Austrian Newspapers in the Second Republic.” InNATO, Neutrality and National Identity: The Case of Austria and Hungary, ed. by András Kovács and Ruth Wodak , 147–200. Wien; Köln; Weimar: Böhlau.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Benke, Getraud , and Ruth Wodak
    2003 “‘We are Facing a New Order in Europe’: Neutrality Versus NATO.” InNATO, Neutrality and National Identity: The Case of Austria and Hungary, ed. by András Kovács and Ruth Wodak , 281–310. Weimar: Böhlau.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bickes, Hans , Tina Otten , and Laura Chelsea Weymann
    2014 “The Financial Crisis in the German and English Press: Metaphorical Structures in the Media Coverage on Greece, Spain and Italy.” Discourse & Society25 (4): 424–445.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Boyd-Barrett, Oliver , and Terhi Rantanen
    2004 “News Agencies as News Sources: A Re-Evaluation.” InInternational News in the 21st Century, ed. by Chris Paterson and Annabelle Sreberny , 31–45. Luton: University of Luton Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Carvalho, Anabela
    2008 “Media(ted) Discourse and Society.” Journalism Studies9 (2): 161–177.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Chouliaraki, Lilie
    2005 “Introduction: The Soft Power of War: Legitimacy and Community in Iraq War Discourses.” Journal of Language & Politics4 (1): 1–10.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Dirlik, Arif
    1997The Postcolonial Aura: Third World Criticism in the Age of Global Capitalism. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Duno Gottberg, Luis
    2004 “Mob Outrages: Reflections on the Media Construction of the Masses in Venenzuela (April 2000-Januari 2003).” Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies: Travesia13 (1): 115–135.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ellner, Steve
    2003 “Introduction: The Search for Explanations.” InVenezuelan Politics in the Chávez Era: Class, Polarization, and Conflict, ed. by Steve Ellner and Daniel Hellinger , 7–26. Boulder: L. Rienner.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 2008Rethinking Venezuelan Politics: Class, Conflict, and the Chávez Phenomenon. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 2010 “Hugo Chávez’s First Decade in Office: Breakthroughs and Shortcomings.” Latin American Perspectives37 (1): 77–96.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Fairclough, Norman , and Ruth Wodak
    1997 “Critical Discourse Analysis.” InDiscourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. Vol.2, ed. by Teun Adrianus van Dijk , 258–284. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Fernandes, Sujatha
    2011 “Radio Bemba in an Age of Electronic Media: The Dynamics of Popular Communication in Chávez’s Venezuela.” InVenezuela’s Bolivarian Democracy: Participation, Politics, and Culture Under Chávez, ed. by David Smilde and Daniel Hellinger , 131–156. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. García-Gaudilla, Maria P.
    2007 “Social Movements in a Polarized Setting: Myths of Venezuelan Civil Society.” InVenezuela: Hugo Chávez and the Decline of an “Exceptional Democracy", ed. by Steve Ellner and Miguel Tinker Salas , 140–154. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hafez, Kai
    2007The Myth of Media Globalization. Cambridge: Polity.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hall, Stuart
    1997 “The Spectacle of the ‘Other’.” InRepresentation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices, ed. by Stuart Hall , 223–279. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hellinger, Daniel
    2006 “Tercermundismo and Chavismo.” Stockholm Review of Latin American StudiesNovember 2006 (1): 4–17.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Herman, Edward S. , and Noam Chomsky
    2002Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Herrera Salas, Jesús M.
    2007 “Ethnicity and Revolution: The Political Economy of Racism in Venezuela.” InVenezuela: Hugo Chávez and the Decline of an “Exceptional Democracy", ed. by Steve Ellner and Miguel Tinker Salas , 99–118. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kim, Sung Tae
    2000 “Making a Difference: U.S. Press Coverage of the Kwangju and Tiananmen Pro-Democracy Movements.” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly77 (1): 22–36.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Klaus, Elisabeth , and Susanne Kassel
    2005 “The Veil as a Means of Legitimization: An Analysis of the Interconnectedness of Gender, Media and War.” Journalism6 (3): 335–355.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Lander, Edgardo
    2000 “Eurocentrism and Colonialism in Latin American Social Thought.” Nepantla; Views from South1 (3): 519–532.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. 2002 “Eurocentrism, Modern Knowledges, and the ‘Natural’ Order of Global Capital. “Nepantla; Views from South3 (2): 245–268.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 2008 “Venezuela. Populism and the Left: Alternatives to Neo-Liberalism.” InThe New Latin American Left: Utopia Reborn, ed. by Patrick S. Barrett , Daniel Chavez and César A. Rodríguez Garavito , 302. London: Pluto.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lazarus, Neil
    2011 “What Postcolonial Theory Doesn’t Say. “Race & Class53 (1): 3–27.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Liebhart, Karin
    2003 “Austrian Neutrality: Historical Development and Semantic Change.” InNATO, Neutrality and National Identity: The Case of Austria and Hungary, ed. by András Kovács and Ruth Wodak , 23–49. Weimar: Böhlau.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. López Maya, Margarita
    2004 “Venezuela 2001 - 2004: Actores y Estrategias. “Cuadernos De Cendes21 (56): 109–132.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. López Maya, Margarita , and Edgardo Lander
    2011 “Participatory Democracy in Venezuela: Origins, Ideas and Implementation.” InVenezuela’s Bolivarian Democracy: Participation, Politics, and Culture Under Chávez, ed. by David Smilde and Daniel Hellinger , 58–79. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Lundström, Ragnar
    2013 “Framing Fraud: Discourse on Benefit Cheating in Sweden and the UK. “European Journal of Communication28 (6): 630–645.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Luyendijk, Joris
    2010 “Beyond Orientalism. “International Communication Gazette72 (1): 9–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Machin, David , and Andrea Mayr
    2012How to do Critical Discourse Analysis: A Multimodal Introduction. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Malcolm, Dominic , Alan Bairner , and Graham Curry
    2010 “‘Woolmergate’: Cricket and the Representation of Islam and Muslims in the British Press. “Journal of Sport & Social Issues34 (2): 215–235.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Oberhuber, Florian , Christoph Bärenreuter , Michal Krzyzanowski , Heinz Schönbauer , and Ruth Wodak
    2005 “Debating the European Constitution: On Representations of Europe/the EU in the Press. “Journal of Language & Politics4 (2): 227–271.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Philo, Greg , and Mike Berry
    2011More Bad News from Israel. London: Pluto.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Powell, Kimberly A.
    2011 “Framing Islam: An Analysis of U.S. Media Coverage of Terrorism since 9/11. “Communication Studies62 (1): 90–112.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Quijano, Anibal
    2000 “Coloniality of Power, Eurocentrism, and Latin America. “Nepantla; Views from South1 (3): 533–580.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Richardson, John E.
    2007Analysing Newspapers: An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Roosvall, Anna
    2010 “What is Threatening the West? Islam/Communism, Religion/Politics and the Rational/Irrational Discourse.” InCommunicating Risks: Towards the Threat Society, ed. by Stig Arne Nohrstedt , 115–136. Göteborg: Nordicom.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Said, Edward W.
    1978Orientalism. New York: Pantheon Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Salter, Lee , and Dave Weltman
    2011 “Class, Nationalism and News: The BBC’s Reporting of Hugo Chavez and the Bolivarian Revolution. “International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics7 (3): 253–273.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Sonwalkar, Prasun
    2005 “Banal Journalism: The Centrality of the ‘Us-them’ Binary in News Discourse.” InJournalism: Critical Issues, ed. by Stuart Allan , 261–273. Berkshire: Open University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Thussu, Daya Kishan
    2004 “Media Plenty and the Poverty of News.” InInternational News in the 21st Century, ed. by Chris Paterson and Annabelle Sreberny , 47–61. Luton: University of Luton Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Valencia Ramirez, Cristóbal
    2007 “Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution: Who are the Chavistas?.” InVenezuela: Hugo Chávez and the Decline of an “Exceptional Democracy", ed. by Steve Ellner and Miguel Tinker Salas , 121–139. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Pub.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. van Dijk, Teun Adrianus
    1988News as Discourse. Hillsdale, N J: L. Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. van Ginneken, Jaap
    1998Understanding Global News: A Critical Introduction. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Vultee, Fred
    2009 “Jump Back Jack, Mohammed’s Here. “Journalism Studies10 (5): 623–638.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Waisbord, Silvio
    2011 “Between Support and Confrontation: Civic Society, Media Reform, and Populism in Latin America. “Communication, Culture & Critique4 (1): 97–117.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Wodak, Ruth and András Kovács
    2004 “National Identities in Times of Supra-National Challenges. “Journal of Language & Politics3 (2): 209–246.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Wodak, Ruth , and Michael Meyer
    2009 “Critical Discourse Analysis: History, Agenda, Theory and Methodology.” InMethods of Critical Discourse Analysis, ed. by Ruth Wodak and Michael Meyer . 2nded., 1–33. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Wodak, Ruth , Rudolf de Cillia , Martin Reisigl , and Karin Leibhart
    2009The Discursive Construction of National Identity [Zur diskursiven Konstruktion nationaler Identität.]. 2nded. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error