1887
Volume 18, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper seeks to apply a cognitive-linguistic approach to critical discourse studies in an investigation of epistemic stancetaking and types of inter/subjectivity of the speaker in political discourse. More specifically, the paper presents an analysis of responses by three different politicians, i.e. John Kerry, Bashar al-Assad and Vladimir Putin, to the chemical weapons attack in Syria in August 2013. By incorporating cognitive-linguistic theories in a critical investigation of language, I address diverging representations of the same event and their discursive functions in representing underlying ideologies and motifs of the respective politicians. Specifically, I propose a more nuanced incorporation of epistemic stance in a spatio-cognitive representation of discourse. My analysis shows that type of inter/subjectivity has bearing on the epistemic quality of a proposition. The more prominently a speaker construes him-/herself as evaluator of an event, the stronger his/her assertions become, which is equally visible in a discourse space model.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.17038.ull
2019-02-04
2019-08-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Anthony, Lawrence
    2014AntConc (Version 3.4.3) [Computer Software]. Tokyo, Japan: Waseda University. Available fromwww.laurenceanthony.net/
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Charteris-Black, Jonathan
    2005Politicians and Rhetoric: The Persuasive Power of Metaphor. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230501706
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230501706 [Google Scholar]
  3. Chilton, Paul
    2004Analysing Political Discourse: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203561218
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203561218 [Google Scholar]
  4. 2005 “Missing Links in Mainstream CDA: Modules, Blends and the Critical Instinct.” InA New Agenda in (Critical) Discourse Analysis: Theory, Methodology and Interdisciplinarity, ed byRuth Wodak, and Paul Chilton, 19–52. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/dapsac.13.05chi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.13.05chi [Google Scholar]
  5. 2014Language, Space and Mind: The Conceptual Geometry of Linguistic Meaning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511845703
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511845703 [Google Scholar]
  6. Croft, William, and David A. Cruse
    2004Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511803864
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511803864 [Google Scholar]
  7. Earnest, Josh
    2013 “Statement by Principal Deputy Press Secretary Josh Earnest on Allegations of Chemical Weapons Use in Syria.” The White House, 21August 2013 Retrieved fromhttps://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2013/08/21/statement-principal-deputy-press-secretary-josh-earnest-allegations-chemon17 February 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Fairclough, Norman
    2014 “A Critical Agenda for Education.” InThe Discourse Studies Reader: Main Currents in Theory and Analysis, ed. byJohannes Angermüller, Dominique Maingeueneau, and Ruth Wodak, 378–387. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Fauconnier, Gilles, and Mark Turner
    2002The Way We Think. New York: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Fillmore, Charles J.
    1976 “Frame Semantics and the Nature of Language.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Conference on the Origin and Development of Language and Speech280 (1): 20–32. 10.1111/j.1749‑6632.1976.tb25467.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1976.tb25467.x [Google Scholar]
  11. Fowler, Roger, and Gunter Kress
    1979 “Critical Linguistics.” InLanguage and Control, ed. byRoger Fowler, 185–213. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hart, Christopher
    2007 “Critical Discourse Analysis and Conceptualisation: Mental Spaces, Blended Spaces and Discourse Spaces in the British National Party.” InCognitive Linguistics in Critical Discourse Analysis: Application and Theory, ed. byChristopher Hart, and Dominik Lukeš, 107–131. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 2008 “Critical Discourse Analysis and Metaphor: Toward a Theoretical Framework.” Critical Discourse Studies5 (2): 91–106. 10.1080/17405900801990058
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405900801990058 [Google Scholar]
  14. 2011 “Legitimizing Assertions and the Logico-Rhetorical Module: Evidence and Epistemic Vigilance in Media Discourse on Immigration.” Discourse Studies13 (6): 751–814. 10.1177/1461445611421360
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445611421360 [Google Scholar]
  15. 2013 “Event-Construal in Press Reports of Violence in Two Recent Political Protests: A Cognitive Linguistic Approach to CDA.” Journal of Language and Politics12 (3): 400–423. 10.1075/jlp.12.3.05har
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.12.3.05har [Google Scholar]
  16. 2014Discourse, Grammar and Ideology: Functional and Cognitive Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. 2015 “Viewpoint in Linguistic Discourse: Space and Evaluation in News Reports of Political Protests.” Critical Discourse Studies12 (3): 238–260. 10.1080/17405904.2015.1013479
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2015.1013479 [Google Scholar]
  18. 2016 “The Visual Basis of Linguistic Meaning and Its Implications for Critical Discourse Studies: Integrating Cognitive Linguistic and Multimodal Methods. Discourse & Society27 (3): 335–350. 10.1177/0957926516630896
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926516630896 [Google Scholar]
  19. Koller, Veronika
    2005 “Critical Discourse Analysis and Social Cognition: Evidence from Business Media Discourse.” Discourse & Society16 (2): 199–224. 10.1177/0957926505049621
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926505049621 [Google Scholar]
  20. Lakoff, George
    2009The Political Mind: A Cognitive Scientist’s Guide to Your Brain and Its Politics. London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Langacker, Ronald W.
    2013Essentials of Cognitive Grammar. Oxford: University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Marín-Arrese, Juana I.
    2011 “Epistemic Legitimising Strategies, Commitment and Accountability in Discourse.” Discourse Studies13 (6): 789–797. 10.1177/1461445611421360c
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445611421360c [Google Scholar]
  23. 2013 “Stancetaking and Inter/Subjectivity in the Iraq Inquiry: Blair vs. Brown.” InEnglish Modality: Core, Periphery and Evidentiality, ed. byJuana I. Marín Arrese, Marta Carretero, Jorge Arús Hita, and Johan van der Auwera, 411–446. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110286328.411
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110286328.411 [Google Scholar]
  24. 2015 “Epistemicity and stance: A cross-linguistic study of epistemic stance strategies in journalistic discourse in English and Spanish.” Discourse Studies17 (2): 210–225. 10.1177/1461445614564523
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445614564523 [Google Scholar]
  25. Nuyts, Jan
    2001Epistemic Modality, Language, and Conceptualization: A Cognitive-Pragmatic Perspective. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/hcp.5
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hcp.5 [Google Scholar]
  26. O’Halloran, Kieran
    2003Critical Discourse Analysis and Language Cognition. Edinburgh: University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Pinker, Steven
    1997How the Mind Works. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Radden, Günter, and René Dirven
    2007Cognitive English Grammar. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/clip.2
    https://doi.org/10.1075/clip.2 [Google Scholar]
  29. Sorenson, David S.
    2016Syria in Ruins: The Dynamics of the Syrian Civil War. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Stockwell, Peter
    1999 “Towards a Critical Cognitive Linguistics?” InDiscourses of War and Conflict, ed. byAnnette Combrink, and Ina Biermann, 510–28. Potchefstroom: Ptochefstroom University Press. Retrieved fromwww.pala.ac.uk/uploads/2/5/1/0/25105678/stockwell.pdfon17 February 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Talmy, Leonard
    2006 “Grammatical Construal.” InCognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings, ed. byDirk Geeraerts, 69–108. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110199901.69
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110199901.69 [Google Scholar]
  32. Ullmann, Stefanie
    2017 “Conceptualising Force in the Context of the Arab Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of International Mass Media Reports and Twitter Posts.” Discourse & Communication11 (2): 160–178. 10.1177/1750481317691859
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481317691859 [Google Scholar]
  33. United Nations
    United Nations 2013a “Report of the United Nations Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic on the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Ghouta area of Damascus on 21 August 2013.” 16September 2013 Retrieved fromwww.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/s_2013_553.pdfon17 February 2018.
  34. United Nations
    United Nations 2013b “United Nations Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic.” 12December 2013 Retrieved fromhttps://unoda-web.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/report.pdfon17 February 2018.
  35. United Nations
    United Nations 2014 “Removal of Syria’s chemical weapons material complete, announces OPCW-UN mission.” 23June 2014 Retrieved fromwww.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=48103#.WMqqNVXhDcson17 February 2018.
  36. Van Dijk, Teun A.
    2011 “Discourse, Knowledge, Power and Politics: Towards Critical Epistemic Discourse Analysis.” InCritical Discourse Studies in Context and Cognition, ed. byChristopher Hart, 27–64. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 10.1075/dapsac.43.03van
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.43.03van [Google Scholar]
  37. 1993 “Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis.” Discourse & Society4 (2): 249–283. 10.1177/0957926593004002006
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926593004002006 [Google Scholar]
  38. Al-Assad, Bashar [Google Scholar]
  39. Kerry, John
    2013 “Statement on Syria.” The White House, 30August 2013 Retrieved fromhttps://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2013/08/213668.htmon17 February 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Putin, Vladimir
    2013 “The Syrian Alternative.” The New York Times, 12September 2013 Retrieved fromen.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/19205on17 February 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.17038.ull
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.17038.ull
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error