1887
Volume 17, Issue 6
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Back in 2009, the Labour British Prime Minister Gordon Brown was attacked for “bad spelling” in a condolence letter written personally by him to the mother of a soldier who died in combat, and publicised by The Sun newspaper. “Spelling” here acts as a leveller of hierarchical differences in the national political culture, with ruler and subject both publicly disciplined by the same standard language ideology. Previous research on orthography as social practice has tended to focus on deliberate manipulation of fixed spellings; this article extends the approach to unconventional spellings that have come about ‘by mistake’, and also widens it, to consider aspects of orthography other than spelling, focusing on the look of the Prime Minister’s handwriting. At issue, semiotically, are meanings such as ‘the personal touch’ and ‘respect’.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.17072.ric
2018-12-14
2019-10-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alcindor, Yamiche and Julie H. Davis
    2017 “Soldier’s Widow Says Trump Struggled to Remember Sgt. La David Johnson’s Name”. New York Times, October23 2017 https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/23/us/politics/soldiers-widow-says-trump-struggled-to-remember-sgt-la-david-johnsons-name.html, AccessedMarch26 2018.
  2. Androutsopoulos, Jannis K.
    2000 “Non-standard Spellings in Media Texts: The Case Of German Fanzines.” Journal of Sociolinguistics4 (4): 514–33. doi:  10.1111/1467‑9481.00128
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00128 [Google Scholar]
  3. Ashley, Jackie
    2009 “Comment and Debate: Let’s Tune in Again. Our MPs are Bringing Big Ideas Back: Just When we’d Given up on Politics, The Likes of Cameron and Miliband Start Having Real Debates of Vision and Importance.” The Guardian, November 16, 2009. Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Barton, David
    2007Literacy: An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language. 2nd edition. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Batty, David
    2009 “Commander Issued Helicopter Warning Weeks Before Afghanistan Death.” The Guardian, October31 2009 Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. BBC
    BBC 2009 “Killed Officer Warned of Shortage.” BBC, 31October 2009, news.bbc.co.uk/go/em/fr/-/1/hi/uk/8335183.stm. AccessedMarch 7 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Carney, Edward
    1994A Survey of English Spelling. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203199916
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203199916 [Google Scholar]
  8. Corner, John
    2003 “Mediated Persona and Political Culture.” InMedia and The Restyling of Politics, ed. by John Corner and Dick Pels , 67–84. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Corner, John , Kay Richardson , and Katy Parry
    2009 “Political Culture and the Mediascape: A British Case Study.” Interactions: Studies in Communication and Culture1 (3): 313–29. doi:  10.1386/iscc.1.3.313_1
    https://doi.org/10.1386/iscc.1.3.313_1 [Google Scholar]
  10. Davies, Eirlys E.
    1987 “Eyeplay: On Some Uses of Nonstandard Spelling.” Language and Communication7 (1): 47–58. doi:  10.1016/0271‑5309(87)90013‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0271-5309(87)90013-9 [Google Scholar]
  11. Drury, Ian , and James Chapman
    2009 “Brown: I Know How Loss Feels.” Daily Mail, November11 2009 Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Dunn, Tom Newton
    2009 “PM Couldn’t Even Get our Name Right: Soldier Mum’s Disgust at Condolence Letter.” The Sun, November9 2009 Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Dunn, Tom Newton , and Justine Smith
    2009 “‘Mr Brown, listen to me… I know every injury that my child sustained. My son could have survived but he bled to death’.” The Sun, November10 2009 Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Englebretson, Robert
    (ed.) 2007Stancetaking in Discourse: Subjectivity, Evaluation, Interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.164
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.164 [Google Scholar]
  15. Ferguson, Susan L.
    1998 “Drawing Fictional Lines: Dialect and Narrative in the Victorian Novel.” Style32 (1): 1–17.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gillen, Julia , and Nigel Hall
    2010 “Edwardian Postcards: Illuminating Ordinary Writing.” InAnthropology of Writing: Understanding Textually-Mediated Worlds, ed. by David Barton and Uta Papen , 169–189. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Goffman, Erving
    1981 “Footing.” InForms of Talk, 124–159. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Goodman, Sharon
    1996 “Visual English.” InRedesigning English: New Texts, New Identities, ed. by Sharon Goodman and David Graddol , 38–73. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Holloway, Adam
    2009 “Put to Shame by a Dead Hero: Why we’ve All Got it So Wrong about the Taliban”. InMail Online, 31October 2009, www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/article-1224196/Put-shame-dead-hero-Why-weve-got-wrong-Taliban.html. AccessedMarch 7 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Honeybone, Patrick , and Kevin Watson
    2013 “Salience and the Sociolinguistics of Scouse Spelling: Exploring the Phonology of the Contemporary Humorous Localised Dialect Literature of Liverpool.” English World-Wide34 (3): 305–40. doi:  10.1075/eww.34.3.03hon
    https://doi.org/10.1075/eww.34.3.03hon [Google Scholar]
  21. Hosenball, Mark
    2009 “Helicopter Shortages: A Senior British Officer Complains from Beyond the Grave.” Newsweek, November2 2009 www.newsweek.com/helicopter-shortages-senior-british-officer-complains-beyond-grave-216768. AccessedMarch 7 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ives, Sumner
    1950 “A Theory of Literary Dialect.” Tulane Studies in English2: 137–182.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Jaffe, Alexandra
    2000 “Non-Standard Orthography and Non-Standard Speech.” Journal of Sociolinguistics4 (4): 497–513. doi:  10.1111/1467‑9481.00127.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00127 [Google Scholar]
  24. 2006 “Transcription in Practice: Nonstandard Orthography.” Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice3 (2): 163–83. doi:  10.1558/japl.v3i2.163.
    https://doi.org/10.1558/japl.v3i2.163 [Google Scholar]
  25. (ed.) 2009Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:  10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  26. Jaffe, Alexandra , Jannis Androutsopoulos , Mark Sebba and Sally Johnson
    (eds.) 2012Orthography as Social Action: Scripts, Spelling, Identity and Power. Berlin: De Gruyter. doi:  10.1515/9781614511038
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614511038 [Google Scholar]
  27. Kress, Gunther
    2000Early Spelling: Between Convention and Creativity. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kretzschmar, William A.
    2001 “Literary Dialect Analysis with Computer Assistance: An Introduction.” Language and Literature10 (2): 99–110. doi:  10.1177/0963‑9470‑20011002‑01
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0963-9470-20011002-01 [Google Scholar]
  29. Kress, Gunther
    2003Literacy in the New Media Age. London: Routledge. doi:  10.4324/9780203164754
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203164754 [Google Scholar]
  30. Lillis, Theresa , and Carolyn McKinney
    2013 “The Sociolinguistics of Writing in a Global Context: Objects, Lenses, Consequences.” Journal of Sociolinguistics17 (4): 415–39. doi:  10.1111/josl.12046.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/josl.12046 [Google Scholar]
  31. Longcamp, M. , T. Tanskanen , and R. Hari
    2006 “The Imprint of Action: Motor Cortex Involvement in Visual Perception of Handwritten Letters.” NeuroImage33 (2): 681–8. doi:  10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.06.042.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.06.042 [Google Scholar]
  32. Mangen, Anne
    2016 “What Hands May Tell us about Reading and Writing.” Educational Theory66 (4): 457–77. doi:  10.1111/edth.12183
    https://doi.org/10.1111/edth.12183 [Google Scholar]
  33. Queen, Robin , and Julie Boland
    2015 “‘I think your going to like me’: Exploring The Role of Errors in Email Messages on Assessments of Potential Housemates.” Linguistics Vanguard1 (1): 283–94. doi: 0.1515/lingvan‑2015‑0011.
    https://doi.org/0.1515/lingvan-2015-0011 [Google Scholar]
  34. Richardson, Kay , John Corner and Katy Parry
    2013Political Culture and Media Genre: Beyond the News. London: Palgrave MacMillan. 10.1057/9781137291271
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137291271 [Google Scholar]
  35. Sassoon, Rosemary
    2007Handwriting of the Twentieth Century. Bristol: Intellect Books Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Sebba, Mark
    2003 “Spelling Rebellion.” InDiscourse Constructions of Youth Identities, eds. Jannis Androutsopoulos , Alexandra Georgakopoulou , 151–172. Amsterdam; Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.110.09seb
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.110.09seb [Google Scholar]
  37. 2007aSpelling and Society: The Culture and Politics of Orthography around the World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511486739
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486739 [Google Scholar]
  38. 2007b “Orthography as Social Practice.” InSpelling and Society, 26–57. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511486739.007
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486739.007 [Google Scholar]
  39. 2010 “Spelling as a Social Practice.” InThe Routledge Companion to English Language Studies, ed. by Janet Maybin and Joan Swann , 243–257. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. 2012 “Orthography as Social Action: Scripts, Spelling, Identity and Power.” InOrthography as Social Action: Scripts, Spelling, Identity and Power, ed. by Alexandra Jaffe , Jannis Androutsopoulos , Mark Sebba and Sally Johnson , 1–19. Berlin: De Gruyter. 10.1515/9781614511038.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614511038.1 [Google Scholar]
  41. 2015 “Iconisation, Attribution and Branding in Orthography.” Written Language and Literacy18 (2): 208–27. doi:  10.1075/wll.18.2.02seb
    https://doi.org/10.1075/wll.18.2.02seb [Google Scholar]
  42. Sharifi, Omar
    2012 “Orthography and Calligraphic Ideology in an Iranian-American Heritage School.” InOrthography as Social Action: Scripts, Spelling, Identity and Power, ed. by Alexandra Jaffe , Jannis Androutsopoulos , Mark Sebba and Sally Johnson , 225–254. Berlin: De Gruyter. 10.1515/9781614511038.225
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614511038.225 [Google Scholar]
  43. Shipman, Tim
    2009 “Put to Shame by a Dead Hero.” Daily Mail, October31 2009 Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Spitzmüller, Jürgen
    2012 “Floating Ideologies: Metamorphoses of Graphic ‘Germanness’.” InOrthography As Social Action: Scripts, Spelling, Identity And Power, ed. by Alexandra Jaffe , Jannis Androutsopoulos , Mark Sebba and Sally Johnson , 225–254. Berlin: De Gruyter. 10.1515/9781614511038.255
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614511038.255 [Google Scholar]
  45. Street, Brian V.
    1984Literacy in Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Street, John
    2004 “Celebrity Politicians: Popular Culture And Political Representation.” British Journal of Politics and International Relations6 (4): 35–52. doi:  10.1111/j.1467‑856X.2004.00149.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2004.00149.x [Google Scholar]
  47. Stewart, Heather
    2017 “Gordon Brown: ‘I didn’t show enough emotion to win the 2010 election’.” The Guardian, Monday 30October 2017 https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/oct/30/gordon-brown-i-wasnt-touchy-feely-enough-for-todays-politics. AccessedMarch 7 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. The Express
    The Express 2009 “Helicopter Shortage will Cost Lives Warned Colonel Killed by Taliban.” The Express, October31 2009 Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. The Sun
    The Sun 2009a “Back our Boys.” The Sun, July11 2009 Lexis Library
    [Google Scholar]
  50. The Sun
    The Sun 2009b “‘I can’t believe I’ve been brought down to the level of having an argument with the Prime Minister of my own country’; Mum at War: Full Transcript.” The Sun, November10 2009 Lexis Library.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. van Leeuwen, Theo
    1999Speech, Music, Sound. London: MacMillan Education. doi:  10.1007/978‑1‑349‑27700‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-27700-1 [Google Scholar]
  52. 2006 “Towards a Semiotics of Typography.” Information Design Journal: IDJ14 (2) (01/01): 139–55. doi:  10.1075/idj.14.2.06lee
    https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.14.2.06lee [Google Scholar]
  53. Villa, Laura , and Rik Vosters
    2015 “Language Ideological Debates over Orthography in European Linguistic History.” Written Language and Literacy18 (2): 201–7. doi:  10.1075/wll.18.2.01vil
    https://doi.org/10.1075/wll.18.2.01vil [Google Scholar]
  54. Wong, Andrew D.
    2013 “Brand Names and Unconventional Spelling: A Two-Pronged Analysis of the Orthographic Construction of Brand Identity.” Written Language and Literacy16 (2): 115–45. doi:  10.1075/wll.16.2.01won
    https://doi.org/10.1075/wll.16.2.01won [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.17072.ric
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error