Volume 17, Issue 6
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



The topic of this paper is framing of collective, national identities in commemorative speeches. It identifies abstract conceptions of Croatian national identity articulated by political elites during commemorative practices and examines what patterns are used for their linguistic expression. The questions that are posed are how Croatian nation and national identity are framed in discourse and whether constructs of national identity are formed depending on the context and on the party political affiliation of the speaker. However, the aim is also to track potential changes in elite narratives over time. The analysis is based on a corpus of commemorative speeches delivered by Croatia’s political elites on the occasion of celebration of the Croatian army victory in a military operation. The main focus is on the conceptual and linguistic analysis of the collective identities and sociocultural concepts in the staged communication during commemoration rituals.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Barić, Nikica
    2005Srpska pobuna u Hrvatskoj 1990–1995. [Serb rebellion in Croatia 1990–1995]. Zagreb: Golden Marketing – Tehnička knjiga.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bellamy, Alex J.
    2003The Formation of Croatian National Identity: A Centuries-old Dream. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 10.7228/manchester/9780719065026.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719065026.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  3. Benford, Robert D. and Snow, David A.
    2000 “Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment.” Annual Review of Sociology26: 611–639. 10.1146/annurev.soc.26.1.611
    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.26.1.611 [Google Scholar]
  4. Chilton, Paul
    2004Analysing Political Discourse. Theory and Practice. London and New York: Routledge10.4324/9780203561218
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203561218 [Google Scholar]
  5. Connerton, Paul
    1989How Societies Remember. Cambridge and New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511628061
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511628061 [Google Scholar]
  6. De Cillia, Rudolf, Reisigl, Martin and Wodak, Ruth
    1999 “The Discursive Construction of National Identities.” Discourse and Society10(2):149–170. 10.1177/0957926599010002002
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926599010002002 [Google Scholar]
  7. Entman, Robert M.
    1993 “Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm.” Journal of Communication43(4): 51–58. 10.1111/j.1460‑2466.1993.tb01304.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1993.tb01304.x [Google Scholar]
  8. Fairclough, Norman
    1995Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. London and New York: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gavriely-Nuri, Dalia
    2012 “Cultural approach to CDA.” Critical Discourse Studies9(1):77–85. 10.1080/17405904.2011.636484
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2011.636484 [Google Scholar]
  10. Goffman, Erving
    1974Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. New York, NY et al.: Harper & Row.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Kertzer, David I.
    1988Ritual, Politics and Power. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Krzyżanowski, Michaɬ
    2009 “On the ‘Europeanisation’ of Identity Constructions in Polish Political Discourse after 1989.” InDiscourse and Transformation in Central and Eastern Europe, ed. byAleksandra Galasińska and Michaɬ Krzyżanowski, 95–113. Palgrave MacMillan. 10.1057/9780230594296_6
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230594296_6 [Google Scholar]
  13. Kukec, Tomislav
    2012 “Ivo Josipović: Trebamo pružiti ruku sugrađanima Srbima i pokloniti se i njihovim žrtvama.” [Ivo Josipović: We should reach out to Serb citizens and pay respects to their victims] Jutarnji list, August6.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 2013 “Milanovića izviždali branitelji.” [Milanović booed by defenders]. Jutarnji list, August6.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Lindekilde, Lasse
    2014 “Discourse and Frame Analysis: In-Depth Analysis of Qualitative Data in Social Movement Research.” InMethodological Practices in Social Movement Research, ed. byDonatella della Porta, 195–227. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719571.003.0009
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719571.003.0009 [Google Scholar]
  16. Misztal, Barbara A.
    2003Theories of Social Remembering. Maidenhead and Philadelphia: Open University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Novi list
    Novi list 2006 “Nastavljamo borbu za civiliziranu Hrvatsku.” [We are continuing the fight for a civilised Croatia], August4.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Reisigl, Martin
    2008 “Analyzing Political Rhetoric.” InQualititive Discourse Analysis in the Social Sciences, ed. byRuth Wodak and Michaɬ Krzyżanowski, 96–120. Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1007/978‑1‑137‑04798‑4_5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-04798-4_5 [Google Scholar]
  19. Scollo, Michelle
    2011 “Cultural approaches to discourse analysis: A theoretical and methodological conversation with special focus on Donal Carbaugh’s Cultural Discourse Theory.” Journal of Multicultural Discourses6(1):1–32. doi:  10.1080/17447143.2010.536550
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17447143.2010.536550 [Google Scholar]
  20. Smith, Anthony D.
    1992 “National Identity and the Idea of European Unity.” International Affairs68(1): 55–76. 10.2307/2620461
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2620461 [Google Scholar]
  21. Narodne novine
    Narodne novine 1990 Ustav Republike Hrvatske [Constitution of the Republic of Croatia]. no.56/90.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Van Dijk, Teun A.
    2001 “Critical Discourse Analysis.” InThe Handbook of Discourse Analysis, ed. byDeborah Schiffrin, Deborah Tannen and Heidi E. Hamilton, 352–371. Blackwell Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Vjesnik
    Vjesnik 2009 “Proslava 5. kolovoza je i poziv na zajedništvo svih čimbenika u hrvatskom društvu.” [Celebration of August 4 is also an invitation to unity of all factors in the Croatian society], August6.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Weiss, Gilbert and Wodak, Ruth
    (Eds.) 2003Critical Discourse Analysis. Theory and Interdisciplinarity. Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Wodak, Ruth
    2001 “The Discourse Historical Approach.” InMethods of Critical Discourse Analysis, ed. byRuth Wodak and Michael Meyer, 64–94. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Wodak, Ruth and De Cillia, Rudolf
    2007 “Commemorating the Past: The Discursive Construction of Official Narratives about the ‘Rebirth of the Second Austrian Republic’.” Discourse and Communication1(3): 315–341. 10.1177/1750481307079206
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481307079206 [Google Scholar]
  27. Wodak, Ruth, De Cillia, Rudolf, Reisigl, Martin, and Liebhart Karin
    2009The Discursive Construction of National Identity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Žanić, Ivo
    1996 “Zvonimir na remontu. Politika kao pučka književnost.” [Zvonimir’s repair. Politics as popular literature], Eramsus – Časopis za kulturu demokarcije15(62): 56–62.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Žunec, Ozren
    2007Goli život: socijetalne dimenzije pobune Srba u Hrvatskoj [Bare life: Societal dimensions of the Serbs’ rebellion in Croatia]. Zagreb: Demetra.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): commemoration; discourse; framing; nation; national identity
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error