1887
Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This paper looks at how social/online media – using the example of Twitter – are used in the politico-organizational communication of the European Union at a time when it faces multiple crises and is in acute need of effectively communicating its politics to the European demos. Proposing a critical discourse framework for the analysis of the politico-organizational use of Twitter, the paper shows that while, to some extent, bringing change or ‘modernization’ to EU political communication patterns, social/online media help in sustaining some of the deep-seated dispositions in EU communicative and organizational practices as well as political discourses. As deployed by the EU’s – and specifically the European Commission’s – spokesperson service, social/online help in solidifying some of the controversial patterns in EU political communication. They also bring in other, more contemporary, challenges as regards using Twitter and social media as parts of political and institutional/organizational communication.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.18001.krz
2018-02-07
2019-11-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Anderson, Peter J. and Aileen Macleod
    2004 The Great Non-Communicator? The Mass Communication Deficit of the European Parliament and its Press Directorate. Journal of Common Market Studies, 42(5), 897–917. doi: 10.1111/j.0021‑9886.2004.00534.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-9886.2004.00534.x [Google Scholar]
  2. Barisione, Mauro and Asimina Michailidou
    (Eds) 2017Social Media and European Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/978‑1‑137‑59890‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-59890-5 [Google Scholar]
  3. Bennett, W. Lance and Robert M. Entman
    (1999) Mediated Politics. Cambridge: CUP.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Berglez, Peter
    2016 Few-to-Many Communication: Public Figures’ Self-Promotion on Twitter through ‘Joint Performances’ in Small Networked Constellations. Annales: Series Historia et Sociologia, 26(1): 171–184.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bernstein, Basil
    1990Strategies of Pedagogic Discourse. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bosetta, Michael , Anamaria Dutceac-Segesten and Hans-Jörg Trenz
    2017 Engaging with European Politics Through Twitter and Facebook: Participation beyond the National?In: Social Media and European Politicsed. by Mauro Barisione et al. , 53–75. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/978‑1‑137‑59890‑5_3
    https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-59890-5_3 [Google Scholar]
  7. de Wilde, Pieter , Asimina Michailidou and Hans-Jörg Trenz
    2013Contesting Europe: Exploring Euroscepticism in Online Media Coverage. Colchester: ECPR Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Diez, Thomas
    2005 Constructing the Self and Changing Others: Reconsidering ‘Normative Power Europe’. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 33(3): 613–636. doi: 10.1177/03058298050330031701
    https://doi.org/10.1177/03058298050330031701 [Google Scholar]
  9. European Commission
    European Commission 2007Communication to the Commissions: Communicating about Europe via the Internet, Engaging the Citizens. (SEC-2007-1742). Brussels: The European Commission.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Kassim, Hussein
    2008 ‘Mission impossible’, but mission accomplished: the Kinnock reforms and the European Commission. Journal of European Public Policy, 15(5), 648–668. doi: 10.1080/13501760802133146
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760802133146 [Google Scholar]
  11. Krzyżanowski, Michał
    2009 Europe in Crisis: Discourses on Crisis-Events in the European Press 1956–2006. Journalism Studies10(1), 18–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 2010 The Discursive Construction of European identities. A multilevel Approach to Discourse and Identity in the Transforming European Union. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 2011 Political Communication, Institutional Cultures, and Linearities of Organisational Practice: A Discourse-Ethnographic Approach to Institutional Change in the European Union. Critical Discourse Studies8(4), 281–296. doi: 10.1080/17405904.2011.601638
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2011.601638 [Google Scholar]
  14. 2012 (Mis)Communicating Europe? On Deficiencies and Challenges in Political and Institutional Communication in the European Union. In: Intercultural (Mis)Communication Past and Present, ed. by Barbara Kryk-Kastovsky , 185–213. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 2013 From Anti-Immigration and Nationalist Revisionism to Islamophobia: Continuities and Shifts in Recent Discourses and Patterns of Political Communication of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ). In: Rightwing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourseed. by Ruth Wodak et al. , 135–148. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 2015 International Leadership Re-/Constructed? On the Ambivalence and Heterogeneity of Identity Discourses in European Union Policy on Climate Change. Journal of Language and Politics14(1), 110–133. doi: 10.1075/jlp.14.1.06krz
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.14.1.06krz [Google Scholar]
  17. 2016 Recontextualisations of Neoliberalism and the Increasingly Conceptual Nature of Discourse: Challenges for Critical Discourse Studies. Discourse & Society27(3), 308–321. doi: 10.1177/0957926516630901
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926516630901 [Google Scholar]
  18. 2018a Discursive Shifts in Ethno-Nationalist Politics: On Politicisation and Mediatisation of the ‘Refugee Crisis’ in Poland. InJournal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies16:1, in press.10.1080/15562948.2017.1317897
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15562948.2017.1317897 [Google Scholar]
  19. 2018b ‘We Are a Small Country that Has Done Enormously Lot’: The Refugee Crisis & the Hybrid Discourse of Politicising Immigration in Sweden. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies16:2, in press.10.1080/15562948.2017.1317895
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15562948.2017.1317895 [Google Scholar]
  20. Krzyżanowski, Michał and Florian Oberhuber
    2007(Un)Doing Europe: Discourses and Practices of Negotiating the EU Constitution. Brussels: PIE – Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Larsson, Anders-Olof
    2015 The EU Parliament on Twitter – Assessing the Permanent Online Practices of Parliamentarians. Journal of Information Technology & Politics12, 149–166. doi: 10.1080/19331681.2014.994158
    https://doi.org/10.1080/19331681.2014.994158 [Google Scholar]
  22. Luhmann, Niklas
    1995Social Systems. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Meyer, Christoph
    1999 Political Legitimacy and the Invisibility of Politics: Exploring the European Union’s Communication Deficit. Journal of Common Market Studies, 37(4), 617–639. doi: 10.1111/1468‑5965.00199
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5965.00199 [Google Scholar]
  24. Michailidou, Asimina
    2008The European Union online. Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 2017 Twitter, Public Engagement and the Eurocrisis: More than an Echo Chamber?In: Social Media and European Politicsed. by Mauro Barisione et al. , 241–266. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/978‑1‑137‑59890‑5_11
    https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-59890-5_11 [Google Scholar]
  26. Michailidou, Asimina , Hans-Jörg Trenz and Pieter de Wilde
    2014The Internet and European Integration. Opladen: Barbara Budrich Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Manners, Ian and Thomas Diez
    2007 Reflecting on Normative Power Europe. In: Power in World Politics, ed. by Felix Berenskoetter and M. J. Williams , 173–188. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Muntigl, Peter , Gilbert Weiss and Ruth Wodak
    2000European Union Discourses on Unemployment. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/dowi.12
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dowi.12 [Google Scholar]
  29. Nicolaïdis, Calypso
    2010 The JCMS Annual Review Lecture – Sustainable Integration: Towards EU 2.0?Journal of Common Market Studies, 48 (Annual Review), 21–54. doi: 10.1111/j.1468‑5965.2010.02092.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2010.02092.x [Google Scholar]
  30. Nulty, Paul et al.
    2016 Social media and political communication in the 2014 elections to the European Parliament. Electoral Studies44, 429–444. doi: 10.1016/j.electstud.2016.04.014
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2016.04.014 [Google Scholar]
  31. Olausson, Ulrika
    2017 The Reinvented Journalist. The Discursive Construction of Professional Identity on Twitter. Digital Journalism5(1), 61–81 doi: 10.1080/21670811.2016.1146082
    https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2016.1146082 [Google Scholar]
  32. Rodríguez, Javier Lorenzo and Amuitz Garmendia Madariaga
    2016 Going public against institutional constraints? Analyzing the online presence intensity of 2014 European Parliament election candidates. European Union Politics, 17(2), 303–323 doi: 10.1177/1465116515618252
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1465116515618252 [Google Scholar]
  33. Schlesinger, Philip
    1999 Changing Spaces of Political Communication: The Case of the European Union. Political Communication, 16(3), 263–279. doi: 10.1080/105846099198622
    https://doi.org/10.1080/105846099198622 [Google Scholar]
  34. 2003 The Babel of Europe? An Essay on Networks and Communicative Spaces. ARENA Working Paper22/03.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Schneeberger, Agnes-Inge and Katherine Sarikakis
    2008 Editorial – Media and Communication in Europe: Babel Revisited. Journal of Contemporary European Research, 4(4), 269–272.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Tarta, Ancuţa-Gabriela
    2017 A Framework for Evaluating European Social Media Publics: The Case of the European Parliament’s Facebook Page. In: Social Media and European Politicsed. by Mauro Barisione et al. , 143–165. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/978‑1‑137‑59890‑5_7
    https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-59890-5_7 [Google Scholar]
  37. Vaccari, Cristian
    2013Digital Politics in Western Democracies. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Wodak, Ruth
    2009The Discourse of Politics in Action: Politics as Usual. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230233683
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230233683 [Google Scholar]
  39. Wodak, Ruth and Scott Wright
    2006 The European Union in Cyberspace. Multilingual Democratic Participation in a Virtual Public Sphere?Journal of Language and Politics, 5(2), 251–275. doi: 10.1075/jlp.5.2.07wod
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.5.2.07wod [Google Scholar]
  40. Wodak, Ruth , and Michał Krzyżanowski
    (eds) 2017Right Wing Populism in Europe and the USA: Contesting Politics and Discourse beyond ‘Orbanism’ and ‘Trumpism’. (Journal of Language and Politicd Special Issue16:4). Amsterdam: john Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Zappettini, Franco & Michał Krzyżanowski
    (eds 2018“Brexit” as Social & Political Crisis? Discourses in Media & Politics. (Special Issue of Critical Discourse Studies). London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.18001.krz
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.18001.krz
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): crisis , discourse , European Union , politico-organizational communication , spokespeople and Twitter
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error