Volume 19, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



Based on identity theory and previous studies of crisis discourse, this paper systematically analyzes the process of identity construction and negotiation between political discourse and social discourse representing the event of a fire at Xinjian Village, Daxing District in the southern suburb of Beijing. It is found that in the first phase, the political discourse focuses on the meta-discourse of “for Renmin’s sake, we carry out a campaign of thorough inspection, cleaning-up and rectification to eliminate safety hazards.” In the second phase of the event the Renmin category is then represented concretely as “residents”, “migrant workers”, “people who need help” and so on. These discursive practices have constructed a relatively acknowledged identification with the social groups concerned, and thus positively affect the governance and management of this crisis event.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Benoit, William L.
    1995Accounts, Excuses and Apologies: A Theory of Image Restoration Strategies. Albany: State University of New York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Blommaert, Jan
    2005Discourse: A Critical Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511610295
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511610295 [Google Scholar]
  3. Chen, Changfeng and Zhu Yingxue
    2018 “A Review of the Research on the Concept of ‘People’ in the Domestic Academia Since the New Century.” Socialism Studies40(3): 144–152.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chen, Chunlei
    2015 “Pragmatic Strategies of Network Public Opinion Crisis Management.” Academics30(4): 177–184.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chen, Lihong
    2017 “On Crisis Discourse from Burke’s Identification Theory.” Journal of Nanchang Hangkong University (Social Sciences) 19(3): 87–91, 119.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Chen, Xinren
    2013 “Pragmatic Identity: Dynamic Choice and Discursive Construction.” Foreign Languages Research30(4): 27–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. De Rycker, Antoon, and Zuraidah Mohd Don
    2013Discourse and Crisis: Critical Perspectives. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/dapsac.52
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.52 [Google Scholar]
  8. Epstein, Charlotte
    2008The Power of Words in International Relations: Birth of an Anti-Whaling Discourse. Cambridge: The MIT Press. 10.7551/mitpress/9780262050920.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262050920.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  9. Fan, Xiaoling
    2013 “The Absence of Subject Consciousness in Institutional Image Communication and Its Reconstruction: A Case Study on the Red Cross Crisis in the ‘Guo Meimei Scandal’.” Journal of East China Normal University (Humanities and Social Sciences) 45(5): 118–123.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Fuoli, Matteo, and Carita Paradis
    2014 “A Model of Trust-repair Discourse.” Journal of Pragmatics74(4): 52–69. 10.1016/j.pragma.2014.09.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.09.001 [Google Scholar]
  11. Gong, Shuanping
    2014 “A Pragmatic Analysis of Emotional Stance in Online Conflict Commentaries.” Modern Foreign Languages37(2): 168–178.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Guo Xu, Ouyang Huhua
    2017 “Comparative Studies of the Interpersonal Meaning Construction in Chinese and American Crisis Response.” Discourse Studies Forum3(1): 78–95.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hu, Baijing
    2009Crisis Communication Management: Schools, Paradigms and Realizations. Beijing: Renmin University of China Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Laclau, Ernesto, and Chantal Mouffe
    2001Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Martin, Denis Constant
    1995 “The Choices of Identity.” Social Identities1(1): 5–16. 10.1080/13504630.1995.9959423
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13504630.1995.9959423 [Google Scholar]
  16. Martin, James, and Peter White
    2005The Evaluation of Language. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230511910
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230511910 [Google Scholar]
  17. Morley, John, and Paul Bayley
    (eds.) 2013Corpus-Assisted Discourse Studies on the Iraq Conflict: Wording the War. London/New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Ran, Yongping
    2010 “Pragmatic Survey of Crisis Discourse.” Foreign Language Education3(1): 1–6.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Scheve, Christian Von, Veronika Zink, and Sven Ismer
    2016 “The Blame Game: Economic Crisis Responsibility, Discourse and Affective Framings.” Sociology50(4): 635–651. 10.1177/0038038514545145
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038514545145 [Google Scholar]
  20. Shi, Anbin
    2008 “The Western Paradigm of Crisis Communication Studies and Its Localization in Chinese Context.” Chinese Journal of International Journalism30(6): 22–27.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Stryker, S.
    1987 “Identity theory: Developments and Extensions.” InSelf and Identity: Psychosocial Perspectives, ed. byK. Yardley and T. Honess, 89–103. New York: Wiley.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Tian, Hailong and Yin Jia
    2016 “Discourse and Public Sphere in China: A Study of Wu Ying’s Lawsuit Case.” Discourse Studies Forum2(2): 93–107.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Tu, Jiajin
    2014 “The Argumentative and Rhetorical Mechanisms of Crisis Intervention Discourse.” Journal of Dalian University of Technology (Social Sciences) 35(2): 109–114.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Wang, Ke
    2015 “Renmin and Qunzhong are two Different Concepts: the concepts of Renmin and Qunzhong Revisited.” Business (14):47, 19.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Wang, Maokang
    2013 “On the Rhetorical Situation of Crisis Discourse.” (Ph. D dissertation) Shanghai International Studies University.
  26. Wang, Xueyu
    2016 “A Struggle for Trustworthiness: Local Officials’ Discursive Behaviour in Press Conferences Handling Tianjin blasts in China.” Discourse & Communication10(4): 412–426. 10.1177/1750481316638150
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481316638150 [Google Scholar]
  27. Ware, B. L. and Wil A. Linkugel
    1973 “They Spoke in Defense of Themselves: On the Generic Criticism of Apologia.” Quarterly Journal of Speech59(3): 273–283. 10.1080/00335637309383176
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00335637309383176 [Google Scholar]
  28. Wodak, Ruth, Rudolf de Cillia, Martin Reisigl, and Karin Liebhart
    2009The Discursive Construction of National Identity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Wodak, Ruth. and Jo Angouri
    2014 “From Grexit to Grecovery: Euro/crisis Discourses.” Discourse and Society25(4) : 417–423. 10.1177/0957926514536967
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926514536967 [Google Scholar]
  30. Wu, Yichen
    2005Crisis Communication: Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Public Relation and Language Arts. Suzhou: Suzhou University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Wu, Yong
    2009 “On the CPC’s Construction of the Discourse of “People” During the New Democratic Revolution and Its Significance.” CPC History Studies2(2): 71–79.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Yuan, Zhoumin
    2016 “Defining Identity: Problems and Resolutions.” Foreign Language Education37(4): 20–23.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Zhang, Jishu and Wang Xueyu
    2017 “The Pragmatic Identity Construction of American President in the Social Crisis Context.” Southeast Communication13(1): 30–33.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Zhang, Weimin
    2015 “Discourse of Resistance: Articulations of National Cultural Identity in Media Discourse on the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China.” Discourse and Communication9(3): 355–370. 10.1177/1750481315571177
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481315571177 [Google Scholar]
  35. Zhao, Yang
    2016 “Temporal Construction of China’s Identity as a ‘Responsible Power’.” World Economics and Politics30(7): 108–130, 159–160.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Zhou, Jianwei
    2016 “The Construction and Development of CCP’s Discourse of ‘Renmin’.” Teaching and Research50(9): 67–76.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Zhou, Qing’an and Wu Yanni
    2017 “Discourse Construction in Identity Dilemma: European Identity in the Context of the News Coverage of.” Chinese Journal of European Studies35(3): 1–19.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): discourse strategy; fire in Daxing; identity negotiation; political discourse
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error