1887
image of Temporal agency of social movements
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The article examines, through the lens of cognitive semiotics, temporal agency and experiences that define the protestors’ identity within the space of the Floyd protests as visualized in AP sequenced news photos. The analysis points to the role of resemiotized chronotopic motifs that bring together the past, present and future times of racial discrimination. In this regard, the paper synthesizes the Bakhtinian chronotope with Multimodal Conceptual Metaphor. Synthesizing Multimodal Metaphors with the chronotope is meant to conceptualize the temporality of the social movement, assigning it agentive identity. That is, chronotopic temporality is deployed in this article as a metaphorical placeholder for movements agency and individuality. Two chronotopes interact within the visualized space of the protests: one is centred in the memories of past apartheid and a desired future, the other conceptualizes a resistant and angry present.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21049.faw
2022-02-24
2022-05-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Adams, Paul and Jansson, André
    2012 “Communication Geography: A Bridge Between Disciplines.” Communication Theory22(3): 299–318. 10.1111/j.1468‑2885.2012.01406.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.2012.01406.x [Google Scholar]
  2. Agamben, Giorgio
    1993Infancy and History: The Destruction of Experience. trans.Liz Heron, London & New York: Verso
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Apata, Gabriel O.
    2020 “‘I Can’t Breathe’: The Suffocating Nature of Racism.” Theory, Culture & Society37(7–8): 241–254. 10.1177/0263276420957718
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0263276420957718 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakhtin, Mikhail
    1981 “The Dialogic Imagination.” InThe Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays by M.M. Bakhtin, ed. byMichael Holquist and Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 1986Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. (V. W. McGee, Trans.). Austin,TX: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 1994The Bakhtin reader: Selected writings of Bakhtin. Medvedev, and Voloshinov.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Barassi, Veronica. and Zamponi, Lorenzo
    2020 “Social Media Time, Identity Narratives and the Construction of Political Biographies.” Social Movement Studies19: 1–17. 10.1080/14742837.2020.1718489
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14742837.2020.1718489 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bezemer, Jeff, and Kress, Gunther
    2008 “Writing in Multimodal Texts: A Social Semiotic Account of Designs for Learning. Written Communication25 (2): 166–195. 10.1177/0741088307313177
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0741088307313177 [Google Scholar]
  9. Blanton, Ryan
    2011 “Chronotopic Landscapes of Environmental Racism.” Journal of Linguistic Anthropology21, 76–93. 10.1111/j.1548‑1395.2011.01098
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-1395.2011.01098 [Google Scholar]
  10. Blommaert, Jan
    2015 “Chronotopes, Scales and Complexity in the Study of Language in Society.” Annual Review of Anthropology44(1): 105–116. 10.1146/annurev‑anthro‑102214‑014035
    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-anthro-102214-014035 [Google Scholar]
  11. (2017) “Mobility, Contexts, and the Chronotope.” Language in Society46(1): 95–99. 10.1017/S0047404516000841
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404516000841 [Google Scholar]
  12. Blommaert, Jan, and Anna De Fina
    2016 “Chronotopic Identities: On the Timespace Organization of Who We Are.” InDiversity and Super-Diversity. Sociocultural Linguistic Perspectives, ed. byAnna De Fina and Didem Ikizoglu, 1–15. Washington: Georgetown University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Brantner, Cornelia and Rodriguez-Amat, Joan Ramon
    2016 “New ‘Danger Zone’ in Europe: Representations of Place in Social Media Supported Protests.” International Journal of Communication10: 299–320.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Caple, Helen. and John Knox
    2012 “Online News Galleries, Photojournalism and the Photo Essay.” Visual Communication11 (2): 207–236. 10.1177/1470357211434032
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357211434032 [Google Scholar]
  15. 2015 “A Framework for the Multimodal Analysis of Online News Galleries: What Makes A “Good” Picture Gallery?” Social Semiotics25 (3): 292–321. 10.1080/10350330.2014.1002174
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10350330.2014.1002174 [Google Scholar]
  16. Charteris-Black, Jonathan
    2016Fire Metaphors: Discourses of Awe and Authority. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Chovanec, Jan
    2019 “Multimodal Storytelling in the News: Sequenced Images as Ideological Scripts of Othering.” Discourse, Context and Media28(2019): 8–18. 10.1016/j.dcm.2019.01.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2019.01.001 [Google Scholar]
  18. Cimasko, Tony and Dong-shin Shin
    2017 “Multimodal Resemiotization and Authorial Agency in an L2 Writing Classroom.” Written Communication34(4): 387–413. 10.1177/0741088317727246
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0741088317727246 [Google Scholar]
  19. Economou, Dorothy
    2008 “Pulling Readers. In News Photos in Greek and Australian Broadsheets.” InCommunicating Conflict: Multilingual Case Studies of the News Mediaed. byPeter White and Elizabeth Thomson. U.K: Continuum Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. El Refaie, Elizabeth
    2009 “Metaphor in Political Cartoons: Exploring Audience Responses.” InMultimodal metaphor, ed. byCharles J. Forceville and Eduardo Urios-Aparisi. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 173–196.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Fabian, Louise
    2013 “The Spatial Turn Within Social and Cultural Studies – Spatial Theory as an Interdisciplinary Praxis.” InWhat is Theory? Answers from the Social and Cultural Sciences, ed. byHervé Corvellec, 283–298. Stockholm: Liber.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Fawzy, Rania
    2018 “A Tale of Two Squares: Spatial Iconization of the Al Tahrir and Rabaa Protests.” Visual Communication20(1): 59–80. 10.1177/1470357218803395
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357218803395 [Google Scholar]
  23. 2019 “Neoliberalism in Your Living Room: A Spatial Cognitive Reading of Home Design in IKEA Catalogue.” Discourse Context & Media31 (2019): 1–8. 10.1016/j.dcm.2019.100309
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2019.100309 [Google Scholar]
  24. Feagin, Joe R. and Kimberley Ducey
    2017Elite White Men Ruling: Who, What, Where, and How. New York: Routledge. 10.4324/9781315640280
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315640280 [Google Scholar]
  25. Feng, Dezheng
    2011 “The Construction and Categorization of Multimodal Metaphor: A Systemic Functional Approach.” Foreign Language Research, 1, 24–29.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Feng, Dezheng, and Kay O’Halloran
    2013 “The Visual Representation of Metaphor: A Systemic Functional Approach.” Review of Cognitive Linguistics11(2): 320–335. 10.1075/rcl.11.2.07fen
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.11.2.07fen [Google Scholar]
  27. Forceville, Charles
    2009 “Nonverbal and Multimodal Metaphor in a Cognitivist Framework: Agendas for Research.” InMultimodal metaphor, ed. byCharles Forceville and Eduardo Urios-Aparisi, 19–42. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Fowler, Roger
    1991Language in the news: Discourse and ideology in the Press. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Ganser, Alexandra, Julia Puhringer, and Markus Rheindof
    2006 “Bakhtin’s Chronotope on the Road: Space, Time, and Place in Road Movies Since the 1970s.” Linguistics and Literature, 4(1), 1–17.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Gao, Shuang
    2019 “Chronotopic Identities and Social Change in Yangshuo, China.” InChronotopic identity work: Sociolinguistic Analyses of Cultural and Linguistic Phenomena in Time and Space, by ed.Xuan Wang and Sjaak Kroon, 86–104. Berlin: Peter Lang. 10.21832/9781788926621‑007
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781788926621-007 [Google Scholar]
  31. Garza, Alicia
    2014 “A Hestory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement.” The Feminist Wire.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Gillan, Kevin
    2020 “Temporality in Social Movement Theory: Vectors and Events in the Neoliberal Timescape.” Social Movement Studies19(5–6): 516–536. 10.1080/14742837.2018.1548965
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14742837.2018.1548965 [Google Scholar]
  33. Halliday, Michael
    1978Language as Social Semiotic: The Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning. London: Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. 1982 “The De-automatization of Grammar from Priestley’s ‘An Inspector Calls’.” InLanguage and Linguistic Variation: Papers Dedicated to Angus McIntoshed. byJohn Anderson, 129–159. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 10.1075/cilt.15.09hal
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.15.09hal [Google Scholar]
  35. Hamilton, Charles V., and Kwame Ture
    2011Black Power: Politics of Liberation in America. New York: Vintage
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Hart, Christopher
    2018 “‘Riots Engulfed the City’: An Experimental Study Investigating the Legitimating Effects of Fire Metaphors in Discourses of Disorder.” Discourse & Society29(3): 279–298. 10.1177/0957926517734663
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926517734663 [Google Scholar]
  37. Hartikainen, Elina I.
    2017 “Chronotopic Realignments and the Shifting Semiotics and Politics of Visibility in Brazilian Candomblé Activism.” Signs and Society5 (2): 356–89. 10.1086/693784
    https://doi.org/10.1086/693784 [Google Scholar]
  38. Iedema, Rick
    2001 “Resemiotization.” Semiotica37(1/4): 23–40. 10.1515/semi.2001.106
    https://doi.org/10.1515/semi.2001.106 [Google Scholar]
  39. 2003 “Multimodality, Resemiotization: Extending the Analysis of Discourse as multi-Semiotic Practice.” Visual Communication2(1): 29–57. 10.1177/1470357203002001751
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357203002001751 [Google Scholar]
  40. Issa, Rana and Einar Wigen
    2020 “Levantine Chronotopes: Prisms for Entangled Histories.” Contemporary Levant5(1): 1–12. 10.1080/20581831.2019.1710666
    https://doi.org/10.1080/20581831.2019.1710666 [Google Scholar]
  41. Kövecses, Zoltan
    2002Metaphor: A Practical Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Koven, Michele
    2019 “Narrating Desire for Place: Chronotopes of Desire for the Portuguese Homeland Before and After “Return””. InDiscourses of Identity in Liminal Places and Spaces, ed. byRoberta Piazza, 42–63. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9781351183383‑3
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351183383-3 [Google Scholar]
  43. Kress, Gunther, and Theo van Leeuwen
    2006 “Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design (2nd ed). London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203619728
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203619728
  44. Karimzad, Farzad
    2020 “Metapragmatics of Normalcy: Mobility, Context, and Language Choice.” Language & Communication, 70, 107–118. 10.1016/j.langcom.2019.02.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2019.02.001 [Google Scholar]
  45. Kroon, Sjaak and Jos Swanenberg
    2019 “Introducing Chronotopic Identity Work.” InChronotopic Identity Work: Sociolinguistic Analyses of Cultural and Linguistic Phenomena in Time and Space, ed. bySjaak Kroon and Jos Swanenberg, 12–28. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781788926621‑002
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781788926621-002 [Google Scholar]
  46. Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson
    1980Metaphors We Live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Lawson, James
    2011 “Chronotope, story, and historical geography: Mikhail Bakhtin and the space-time of narratives.” Antipode43(2): 384–412. 10.1111/j.1467‑8330.2010.00853.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.2010.00853.x [Google Scholar]
  48. Lundström, Markus and Paola Sartoretto
    2021 “The Temporal Nexus of Collective Memory Mediation: Print and Digital Media in Brazil’s Landless Movement.” Social Movement Studies 1984–2019. 10.1080/14742837.2021.1905510
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14742837.2021.1905510 [Google Scholar]
  49. Maraj, Louis, Pritha Prasad, and Sherita Roundtree
    2018 “#BlackLivesMatter: Pasts, Presents, and Futures.” Prose Studies40(1–2): 1–14. 10.1080/01440357.2019.1668638
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01440357.2019.1668638 [Google Scholar]
  50. McKersie, Robert
    2021 “The 1960s Civil Rights Movement and Black Lives Matter: Social Protest from a Negotiation Perspective.” Negotiation Journal, 37: 301–323. 10.1111/nejo.12367
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nejo.12367 [Google Scholar]
  51. Messaris, Paul
    (1994) Visual Literacy: Image, Mind and Reality. Boulder: Westview Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. McCluskey, Michael, Susan E. Stein, Michael P. Boyle and Douglas M. McLeod
    2009 “Community Structure and Social Protest: Influences on Newspaper Coverage.” Mass Communication and Society12(3): 353–371. 10.1080/15205430802478685
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15205430802478685 [Google Scholar]
  53. Nummi, Jozie, Carly Jennings, and Joe Feagin
    2019 “#BlackLivesMatter: Innovative Black Resistance.” Sociological Forum34 (S1): 1042–1064. 10.1111/socf.12540
    https://doi.org/10.1111/socf.12540 [Google Scholar]
  54. Oostendorp, Marcelyn
    2017 “Extending Resemiotization: Time, Space and Body in Discursive Representation.” Social Semiotics28(3): 297–314. 10.1080/10350330.2017.1295849
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10350330.2017.1295849 [Google Scholar]
  55. Parmentier, Richard J.
    2007 “It’s about Time: On the Semiotics of Temporality.” Language & Communication27(2007): 272–277. 10.1016/j.langcom.2007.01.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2007.01.006 [Google Scholar]
  56. Perrino, Sabina
    2007 “Cross-Chronotope Alignment in Senegalese Oral Narrative.” Language & Communication27(2007): 227–244. 10.1016/j.langcom.2007.01.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2007.01.007 [Google Scholar]
  57. Poell, Thomas
    2020 “Social Media, Temporality, and the Legitimacy of Protest.” Social Movement Studies19(5–6): 609–624, 10.1080/14742837.2019.1605287
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14742837.2019.1605287 [Google Scholar]
  58. Raggatt, Peter. T. F.
    2014 “The Dialogical Self as a Time-Space Matrix: Personal Chronotopes and Ambiguous Signifiers.” New Ideas in Psychology32(2014): 107–114. 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2013.05.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2013.05.007 [Google Scholar]
  59. Ritellaa, Giuseppe, Antti Rajala, and Peter Renshaw
    2020 “Using Chronotope to Research the Space-Time Relations of Learning and Education: Dimensions of the Unit of Analysis.” Learning, Culture and Social Interaction100381 (2020)  10.1016/j.lcsi.2020.100381
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lcsi.2020.100381 [Google Scholar]
  60. Sinatora, Francesco L.
    2019 “Chronotopes, Entextualization and Syrian Political Activism on Facebook.” Multilingua38 (4): 427–458. 10.1515/multi‑2018‑0040
    https://doi.org/10.1515/multi-2018-0040 [Google Scholar]
  61. Tateo, Luca
    2021 “Face Masks as Layers of Meaning in Times of COVID-19.” Culture & Psychology27(1):131–151. 10.1177/1354067X20957549
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1354067X20957549 [Google Scholar]
  62. Thielmann, Tristan
    2010 “Locative Media and Mediated Localities.” Journal of Media Geography5(1): 1–17.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Thompson, Debra and Chloe Thurston
    2018 “American Political Development in the Era of Black Lives Matter.” Politics, Groups, and Identities6 (1): 116–119. 10.1080/21565503.2017.1420546
    https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2017.1420546 [Google Scholar]
  64. Tuomi, Ilkka
    2019 “Chronotopes of Foresight: Models of Time-Space in Probabilistic, Possibilistic and Constructivist Futures.” Futures & Foresight Science1 (2): e11. 10.1002/ffo2.11
    https://doi.org/10.1002/ffo2.11 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21049.faw
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21049.faw
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error